Abstract:
In this paper we consider surfaces of class $C^1$ with continuous prescribed mean curvature in a three-dimensional contact sub-Riemannian manifold and prove that their characteristic curves are of class $C^2$. This regularity result also holds for critical points of the sub-Riemannian perimeter under a volume constraint. All results are valid in the first Heisenberg group $\mathbb{H}^1$.

Abstract:
In this paper we consider a set $E\subset\Omega$ with prescribed mean curvature $f\in C(\Omega)$ and Euclidean Lipschitz boundary $\partial E=\Sigma$ inside a three-dimensional contact sub-Riemannian manifold $M$. We prove that if $\Sigma$ is locally a regular intrinsic graph, the characteristic curves are of class $C^2$. The result is shape and improves the ones contained in \cite{MR2583494} and \cite{GalRit15}.

Abstract:
Utilizing a weight matrix we study surfaces of prescribed weighted mean curvature which yield a natural generalisation to critical points of anisotropic surface energies. We first derive a differential equation for the normal of immersions with prescribed weighted mean curvature, generalising a result of Clarenz and von der Mosel. Next we study graphs of prescribed weighted mean curvature, for which a quasilinear elliptic equation is proved. Using this equation, we can show height and boundary gradient estimates. Finally, we solve the Dirichlet problem for graphs of prescribed weighted mean curvature.

Abstract:
We introduce the Characteristic Curvature as the curvature of the trajectories of the hamiltonian vector field with respect to the normal direction to the isoenergetic surfaces and by using the Second Fundamental Form we relate it to the Classical and Levi Mean Curvature. Then we prove existence and uniqueness of viscosity solutions for the related Dirichlet problem and we show the Lipschitz regularity of the solutions under suitable hypotheses. Moreover we prove a non existence result on the balls when the prescribed curvature is a positive constant. At the end we show that neither Strong Comparison Principle nor Hopf Lemma do hold for the Characteristic Curvature Operator.

Abstract:
We introduce a notion of non-local almost minimal boundaries similar to that introduced by Almgren in geometric measure theory. Extending methods developed recently for non-local minimal surfaces we prove that flat non-local almost minimal boundaries are smooth. This can be viewed as a non-local version of the Almgren-De Giorgi-Tamanini regularity theory. The main result has several applications, among these $C^{1,\alpha}$ regularity for sets with prescribed non-local mean curvature in $L^p$ and regularity of solutions to non-local obstacle problems.

Abstract:
The gluing technique is used to construct hypersurfaces in Euclidean space having approximately constant prescribed mean curvature. These surfaces are perturbations of unions of finitely many spheres of the same radius assembled end-to-end along a line segment. The condition on the existence of these hypersurfaces is the vanishing of the sum of certain integral moments of the spheres with respect the prescribed mean curvature function.

Abstract:
We prove the existence of (branched) conformal immersions F: S^2 -> R^3 with mean curvature H > 0 arbitrarily prescribed up to a 3-dimensional affine indeterminacy. A similar result is proved for the space forms S^3, H^3 and partial results for surfaces of higher genus.

Abstract:
A theorem about local in time existence of spacelike foliations with prescribed mean curvature in cosmological spacetimes will be proved. The time function of the foliation is geometrically defined and fixes the diffeomorphism invariance inherent in general foliations of spacetimes. Moreover, in contrast to the situation of the more special constant mean curvature foliations, which play an important role in the global analysis of spacetimes, this theorem overcomes the existence problem arising from topological restrictions for surfaces of constant mean curvature.

Abstract:
We consider the corresponding Christoffel-Minkowski problem for curvature measures. The existence of star-shaped $(n-k)$-convex bodies with prescribed $k$-th curvature measures ($k>0$) has been a longstanding problem. This is settled in this paper through the establishment of a crucial $C^2$ a priori estimate for the corresponding curvature equation on $\mathbb S^n$.