Abstract:
We examine the modulational and parametric instabilities arising in a non-autonomous, discrete nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation setting. The principal motivation for our study stems from the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates trapped in a deep optical lattice. We find that under periodic variations of the heights of the interwell barriers (or equivalently of the scattering length), additionally to the modulational instability, a window of parametric instability becomes available to the system. We explore this instability through multiple-scale analysis and identify it numerically. Its principal dynamical characteristic is that, typically, it develops over much larger times than the modulational instability, a feature that is qualitatively justified by comparison of the corresponding instability growth rates.

Abstract:
We construct time quasi-periodic solutions to the energy supercritical nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations on the torus in arbitrary dimensions. This introduces a new approach, which could have general applicability.

Abstract:
We prove almost global existence for supercritical nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations on the $d$-torus ($d$ arbitrary) on the good geometry selected in part I. This is seen as the Cauchy consequence of I, since the known invariant measure of smooth solutions are supported on KAM tori. In the high frequency limit, these quantitative solutions could also be relevant to Cauchy problems for compressible Euler equations.

Abstract:
We consider a system of two discrete nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations, coupled by nonlinear and linear terms. For various physically relevant cases, we derive a modulational instability criterion for plane-wave solutions. We also find and examine domain-wall solutions in the model with the linear coupling.

Abstract:
We consider the linear and non linear cubic Schr\"odinger equations with periodic boundary conditions, and their approximations by splitting methods. We prove that for a dense set of arbitrary small time steps, there exists numerical solutions leading to strong numerical instabilities preventing the energy conservation and regularity bounds obtained for the exact solution. We analyze rigorously these instabilities in the semi-discrete and fully discrete cases.

Abstract:
We present numerical simulations of the defocusing nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation with an energy supercritical nonlinearity. These computations were motivated by recent works of Kenig-Merle and Kilip-Visan who considered some energy supercritical wave equations and proved that if the solution is {a priori} bounded in the critical Sobolev space (i.e. the space whose homogeneous norm is invariant under the scaling leaving the equation invariant), then it exists for all time and scatters. In this paper, we numerically investigate the boundedness of the $H^2$-critical Sobolev norm for solutions of the NLS equation in dimension five with quintic nonlinearity. We find that for a class of initial conditions, this norm remains bounded, the solution exists for long time, and scatters.

Abstract:
In this paper we consider the Schr\"odinger equation with power-like nonlinearity and confining potential or without potential. This equation is known to be well-posed with data in a Sobolev space $\H^{s}$ if $s$ is large enough and strongly ill-posed is $s$ is below some critical threshold $s_{c}$. Here we use the randomisation method of the inital conditions, introduced by N. Burq-N. Tzvetkov and we are able to show that the equation admits strong solutions for data in $\H^{s}$ for some $s

Abstract:
We study bifurcations in a spatially extended nonlinear system representing population dynamics with the help of analytic calculations based on the time-independent Schr\"{o}dinger equation for a quantum particle subjected to a uniform gravitational field. Despite the linear character of the Schr\"{o}dinger equation, the result we obtain helps in the understanding of the onset of abrupt transitions leading to extinction of biological populations. The result is expressed in terms of Airy functions and sheds light on the behavior of bacteria in a Petri dish as well as of large animals such as rodents moving over a landscape.

Abstract:
We consider the propagation of wave packets for a nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation, with a matrix-valued potential, in the semi-classical limit. For a matrix-valued potential, Strichartz estimates are available under long range assumptions. Under these assumptions, for an initial coherent state polarized along an eigenvector, we prove that the wave function remains in the same eigenspace, in a scaling such that nonlinear effects cannot be neglected. We also prove a nonlinear superposition principle for these nonlinear wave packets.

Abstract:
High-precision approximate analytic expressions for energies and wave functions are found for arbitrary physical potentials. The Schr\"{o}dinger equation is cast into nonlinear Riccati equation, which is solved analytically in first iteration of the quasi-linearization method (QLM). The zeroth iteration is based on general features of the exact solution near the boundaries. The approach is illustrated on the Yukawa potential. The results enable accurate analytical estimates of effects of parameter variations on physical systems.