Abstract:
We derive the exact form of the bosonized Hamiltonian for a many-body fermion system in one spatial dimension with arbitrary dispersion relations, using the droplet bosonization method. For a single-particle Hamiltonian polynomial in the momentum, the bosonized Hamiltonian is a polynomial of one degree higher in the bosonic "boundary" field and includes subleading lower-order and derivative terms. This generalizes the known results for massless relativistic and nonrelativistic fermions (quadratic and cubic bosonic Hamiltonians, respectively). We also consider two-body interactions and demonstrate that they lead to interesting collective behavior and phase transitions in the Fermi sea.

Abstract:
The 40-year-old Calogero-Sutherland (CS) model remains a source of inspirations for understanding 1d interacting fermions. At $\beta=1, \text{or}0$, the CS model describes a free non-relativistic fermion, or boson theory, while for generic $\beta$, the system can be interpreted either as interacting fermions or bosons, or free anyons depending on the context. However, we shall show in this letter that the fermionic picture is advantageous in diagonalizing the CS Hamiltonian. Comparing to the previously known multi-integral representation or the Dunkl operator formalism for the CS wave functions, our method depends on the (upper or lower) triangular nature of the fermion interaction, which is resolved in perturbation theory of the second quantized form. The eigenstate is constructed from a multiplet of unperturbed states and the perturbation is of finite order. The full construction is a similarity transformation from the free fermion theory, in the same spirit as the Landau Fermi liquid theory and the 1d Luttinger liquid theory. That means quasi-particles or anyons can be represented in terms of free fermion modes (or bosonic modes via bosonization). The method is applicable to other (higher than one space dimension) systems for which the adiabatic theorem applies.

Abstract:
We derive an exact operator bosonization of a finite number of fermions in one space dimension. The fermions can be interacting or noninteracting and can have an arbitrary hamiltonian, as long as there is a countable basis of states in the Hilbert space. In the bosonized theory the finiteness of the number of fermions appears as an ultraviolet cut-off. We discuss implications of this for the bosonized theory. We also discuss applications of our bosonization to one-dimensional fermion systems dual to (sectors of) string theory such as LLM geometries and c=1 matrix model.

Abstract:
A four dimensional fermion determinant is presented as a path integral of the exponent of a local five dimensional action describing constrained bosonic system. The construction is carried out both in the continuum theory and in the lattice model.

Abstract:
The mean field (MF) composite Fermion (CF) picture successfully predicts the low-lying bands of states of fractional quantum Hall systems. This success cannot be attributed to the originally proposed cancellation between Coulomb and Chern--Simons interactions beyond the mean field and solely depends on the short range of the repulsive Coulomb pseudopotential in the lowest Landau level (LL). The class of pseudopotentials is defined for which the MFCF picture can be applied. The success or failure of the MFCF picture in various systems (electrons in the lowest and excited LL's, Laughlin quasiparticles) is explained.

Abstract:
We discuss an extension of the (massless) Thirring model describing interacting fermions in one dimension which are coupled to phonons and where all interactions are local. This fermion-phonon model can be solved exactly by bosonization. We present a construction and solution of this model which is mathematically rigorous by treating it as a limit of a Luttinger-phonon model. A self-contained account of the mathematical results underlying bosonization is included, together with complete proofs.

Abstract:
We have studied the Parisi overlap distribution for the three dimensional Ising spin glass in the Migdal-Kadanoff approximation. For temperatures T around 0.7Tc and system sizes upto L=32, we found a P(q) as expected for the full Parisi replica symmetry breaking, just as was also observed in recent Monte Carlo simulations on a cubic lattice. However, for lower temperatures our data agree with predictions from the droplet or scaling picture. The failure to see droplet model behaviour in Monte Carlo simulations is due to the fact that all existing simulations have been done at temperatures too close to the transition temperature so that sytem sizes larger than the correlation length have not been achieved.

Abstract:
(Revised, with postscript figures appended, corrections and added comments.) We develop and describe new approaches to the problem of interacting Fermions in spatial dimensions greater than one. These approaches are based on generalizations of powerful tools previously applied to problems in one spatial dimension. We begin with a review of one-dimensional interacting Fermions. We then introduce a simplified model in two spatial dimensions to study the role that spin and perfect nesting play in destabilizing Fermion liquids. The complicated functional renormalization group equations of the full problem are made tractable in our model by replacing the continuum of points that make up the closed Fermi line with four Fermi points. Despite this drastic approximation, the model exhibits physically reasonable behavior both at half-filling (where instabilities occur) and away from half-filling (where a Luttinger liquid arises). Next we implement the Bosonization of higher dimensional Fermi surfaces introduced by Luther and advocated most recently by Haldane. Bosonization incorporates the phase space and small-angle scattering .... (7 figures, appended as a postscript file at the end of the TeX file).

Abstract:
Using Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) and the Migdal-Kadanoff approximation (MKA), Marinari et al. study in their comment on our paper the link overlap between two replicas of a three-dimensional Ising spin glass in the presence of a coupling between the replicas. They claim that the results of the MCS indicate replica symmetry breaking (RSB), while those of the MKA are trivial, and that moderate size lattices display the true low temperature behavior. Here we show that these claims are incorrect, and that the results of MCS and MKA both can be explained within the droplet picture.

Abstract:
We describe a geometric picture for the pattern of fermion masses of the three generations which is invariant with respect to the renormalization group below the electroweak scale. Moreover, we predict the upper limit for the ratio between the Dirac masses of the $\mu$ and $\tau$ neutrinos, $m_{\nu_{\mu}}/ m_{\nu_{\tau}} < (9.6 \pm 0.6) 10^{-3}$.