Abstract:
In this note we prove that any closed graph manifold admitting a metric of non-positive sectional curvature (NPC-metric) has a finite cover, which is fibered over the circle. An explicit criterion to have a finite cover, which is fibered over the circle, is presented for the graph manifolds of certain class.

Abstract:
We investigate great circle links in the three-sphere, the class of links where each component is a great circle. Using the geometry of their complements, we classify such links up to five components. For any two-bridge knot complement, there is a finite cover that is the complement of a link of great circles in $S^3$. We show that for many two-bridge knots, this cover contains a closed incompressible surface. Infinitely many fillings of the two-bridge knot lift to fillings of great circle link where the incompressibility of this surface is preserved. Using this, we show that infinitely many fillings of an infinite class of two-bridge knot complements are virtually Haken.

Abstract:
We prove that a nicely fibered link (by which we mean the binding of an open book) in a tight contact manifold $(M,\xi)$ with zero Giroux torsion has a transverse representative realizing the Bennequin bound if and only if the contact structure it supports (since it is also the binding of an open book) is $\xi.$ This gives a geometric reason for the non-sharpness of the Bennequin bound for fibered links. We also note that this allows the classification, up to contactomorphism, of maximal self-linking number links in these knot types. Moreover, in the standard tight contact structure on $S^3$ we classify, up to transverse isotopy, transverse knots with maximal self-linking number in the knots types given as closures of positive braids and given as fibered strongly quasi-positive knots. We derive several braid theoretic corollaries from this. In particular. we give conditions under which quasi-postitive braids are related by positive Markov stabilizations and when a minimal braid index representative of a knot is quasi-positive. In the new version we also prove that our main result can be used to show, and make rigorous the statement, that contact structures on a given manifold are in a strong sense classified by the transverse knot theory they support.

Abstract:
We introduce a new technique for studying classical knots with the methods of virtual knot theory. Let $K$ be a knot and $J$ a knot in the complement of $K$ with $\text{lk}(J,K)=0$. Suppose there is covering space $\pi_J: \Sigma \times (0,1) \to \bar{S^3\backslash V(J)}$, where $V(J)$ is a regular neighborhood of $J$ satisfying $V(J) \cap \text{im}(K)=\emptyset$ and $\Sigma$ is a connected compact orientable 2-manifold. Let $K'$ be a knot in $\Sigma \times (0,1)$ such that $\pi_J(K')=K$. Then $K'$ stabilizes to a virtual knot $\hat{K}$, called a virtual cover of $K$ relative to $J$. We investigate what can be said about a classical knot from its virtual covers in the case that $J$ is a fibered knot. Several examples and applications to classical knots are presented. A basic theory of virtual covers is established.

Abstract:
Either fibered knots supporting the tight contact structure are unique in their smooth concordance class or there exists a fibered counterexample to the Slice-Ribbon Conjecture.

Abstract:
We consider knots whose diagrams have a high amount of twisting of multiple strands. By encircling twists on multiple strands with unknotted curves, we obtain a link called a generalized augmented link. Dehn filling this link gives the original knot. We classify those generalized augmented links that are Seifert fibered, and give a torus decomposition for those that are toroidal. In particular, we find that each component of the torus decomposition is either "trivial", in some sense, or homeomorphic to the complement of a generalized augmented link. We show this structure persists under high Dehn filling, giving results on the torus decomposition of knots with generalized twist regions and a high amount of twisting. As an application, we give lower bounds on the Gromov norms of these knot complements and of generalized augmented links.

Abstract:
We give a short proof that if a non-trivial band sum of two knots results in a tight fibered knot, then the band sum is a connected sum. In particular, this means that any prime knot obtained by a non-trivial band sum is not tight fibered. Since a positive L-space knot is tight fibered, a non-trivial band sum never yields an L-space knot. Consequently, any knot obtained by a non-trivial band sum cannot admit a finite surgery. For context, we exhibit two examples of non-trivial band sums of tight fibered knots producing prime knots: one is fibered but not tight, and the other is strongly quasipositive but not fibered.

Abstract:
Exceptional Dehn surgeries on arborescent knots have been classified except for Seifert fibered surgeries on Montesinos knots of length 3. There are infinitely many of them as it is known that 4n+6 and 4n+7 surgeries on a (-2, 3, 2n+1) pretzel knot are Seifert fibered. It will be shown that there are only finitely many others. A list of 20 surgeries will be given and proved to be Seifert fibered. We conjecture that this is a complete list.

Abstract:
We prove the nugatory crossing conjecture for fibered knots. We also show that if a knot $K$ is $n$-adjacent to a fibered knot $K'$, for some $n>1$, then either the genus of $K$ is larger than that of $K'$ or $K$ is isotopic to $K'$.