Abstract:
We describe some one-dimensional moduli spaces of rank 2 Gieseker semistable sheaves on an Enriques surface improving earlier results of H. Kim. In case of a nodal Enriques surface the obtained moduli spaces are reducible for general polarizations. For unnodal Enriques surfaces we show how to reduce the study of moduli spaces of high even rank Gieseker semistable sheaves to low ranks. To prove this we use the method of K. Yoshioka who showed that in the odd rank one can reduce to rank 1.

Abstract:
We find some equivalences of the derived category of coherent sheaves on a Gorenstein genus one curve that preserve the (semi)-stability of pure dimensional sheaves. Using them we establish new identifications between certain Simpson moduli spaces of semistable sheaves on the curve. For rank zero, the moduli spaces are symmetric powers of the curve whilst for a fixed positive rank there are only a finite number of non-isomorphic spaces. We prove similar results for the relative semistable moduli spaces on an arbitrary genus one fibration with no conditions either on the base or on the total space. For a cycle $E_N$ of projective lines, we show that the unique degree 0 stable sheaves are the line bundles having degree 0 on every irreducible component and the sheaves $\mathcal{O}(-1)$ supported on one irreducible component. We also prove that the connected component of the moduli space that contains vector bundles of rank $r$ is isomorphic to the $r$-th symmetric product of the rational curve with one node.

Abstract:
We resolve pathological wall-crossing phenomena for moduli spaces of sheaves on higher-dimensional base manifolds. This is achieved by considering slope-semistability with respect to movable curves rather than divisors. Moreover, given a projective n-fold and a curve C that arises as the complete intersection of n-1 very ample divisors, we construct a modular compactification of the moduli space of vector bundles that are slope-stable with respect to C. Our construction generalises the algebro-geometric construction of the Donaldson-Uhlenbeck compactification by Joseph Le Potier and Jun Li. Furthermore, we describe the geometry of the newly construced moduli spaces by relating them to moduli spaces of simple sheaves and to Gieseker-Maruyama moduli spaces.

Abstract:
We show that the moduli space M(r,c) of semistable sheaves on n-dimensional projective space with support of dimension one, with multiplicity r and with Euler characteristic c is isomorphic to M(r,-c).

Abstract:
We introduce a notion of Gieseker stability for coherent sheaves on tame Deligne-Mumford stacks with projective moduli scheme and some chosen generating sheaf on the stack in the sense of Olsson and Starr \cite{MR2007396}. We prove that this stability condition is open, and pure dimensional semistable sheaves form a bounded family. We explicitly construct the moduli stack of semistable sheaves as a finite type global quotient, and study the moduli scheme of stable sheaves and its natural compactification in the same spirit as the seminal paper of Simpson \cite{MR1307297}. With this general machinery we are able to retrieve, as special cases, results of Lieblich \cite{MR2309155} and Yoshioka \cite{MR2306170} about moduli of twisted sheaves and parabolic stability introduced by Maruyama-Yokogawa in \cite{MR1162674}.

Abstract:
We decompose each moduli space of semistable sheaves on the complex projective plane with support of dimension one and degree four into locally closed subvarieties, each subvariety being the good or geometric quotient of a set of morphisms of locally free sheaves modulo a reductive or a nonreductive group. We find locally free resolutions of length one of all these sheaves and describe them.

Abstract:
Let $M(d,\chi)$ be the moduli space of semistable sheaves of rank 0, Euler characteristic $\chi$ and first Chern class $dH (d>0)$, with $H$ the hyperplane class in $\mathbb{P}^2$. We give a description of $M(d,\chi)$, viewing each sheaf as a class of matrices with entries in $\bigoplus_{i\geq0}H^0(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^2}(i))$. We show that there is a big open subset of $M(d,1)$ isomorphic to a projective bundle over an open subset of a Hilbert scheme of points on $\mathbb{P}^2.$ Finally we compute the classes of M(4,1), M(5,1) and M(5,2) in the Grothendieck group of varieties, especially we conclude that M(5,1) and M(5,2) are of the same class.

Abstract:
We expose in detail the principle that the relative geometric invariant theory of equivariant morphisms is related to the GIT for linearizations near the boundary of the $G$-effective ample cone. We then apply this principle to construct and reconstruct various universal moduli spaces. In particular, we constructed the universal moduli space over $\overline{M_g}$ of Simpson's $p$-semistable coherent sheaves and a canonical dominating morphism from the universal Hilbert scheme over $\overline{M_g}$ to a compactified universal Picard.

Abstract:
We study stacks of slope-semistable twisted sheaves on orbisurfaces with projective coarse spaces and prove that in certain cases they have many of the asymptotic properties enjoyed by the moduli of slope-semistable sheaves on smooth projective surfaces.

Abstract:
We investigate the moduli spaces of one- and two-dimensional sheaves on projective K3 and abelian surfaces that are semistable with respect to a nongeneral ample divisor with regard to the symplectic resolvability. We can exclude the existence of new examples of projective irreducible symplectic manifolds lying birationally over components of the moduli spaces of one-dimensional semistable sheaves on K3 surfaces, and over components of many of the moduli spaces of two-dimensional sheaves on K3 surfaces, in particular, of those for rank two sheaves.