Abstract:
In \cite{GPS} and \cite{GRS}, integral representations of the $L$-functions for generic representations of the group $ Sp_{2n}\times GL_k$ were defined. In this paper, we consider similar integral representations of the $L$-functions for generic representations of the group $U(2,2)\times \textrm{Res}_{E/F}(GL_1)$ and $U(2,2)\times \textrm{Res}_{E/F}(GL_2)$ and define the corresponding local $\gamma$-factors. Following Baruch's method of Howe vectors, \cite{Ba1} and \cite{Ba2}, we prove a local converse theorem for generic representations of $U(2,2)$ using the $\gamma$-factors we defined .

Abstract:
We present an approximate converse theorem which measures how close a given set of irreducible admissible unramified unitary generic local representations of GL(n) is to a genuine cuspidal representation. To get a formula for the measure, we introduce a quasi-Maass form on the generalized upper half plane for a given set of local representations. We also construct an annihilating operator which enables us to write down an explicit cuspidal automorphic function.

Abstract:
There has been a recent coming together of the Converse Theorem for $\gln$ and the Langlands-Shahidi method of controlling the analytic properties of automorphic $L$-functions which has allowed us to establish a number of new cases of functoriality, or the lifting of automorphic forms. In this article we would like to present the current state of the Converse Theorem and outline the method one uses to apply the Converse Theorem to obtain liftings. We will then turn to an exposition of the new liftings and some of their applications.

Abstract:
The Four Vertex Theorem, one of the earliest results in global differential geometry, says that a simple closed curve in the plane, other than a circle, must have at least four "vertices", that is, at least four points where the curvature has a local maximum or local minimum. In 1909 Syamadas Mukhopadhyaya proved this for strictly convex curves in the plane, and in 1912 Adolf Kneser proved it for all simple closed curves in the plane, not just the strictly convex ones. The Converse to the Four Vertex Theorem says that any continuous real-valued function on the circle which has at least two local maxima and two local minima is the curvature function of a simple closed curve in the plane. In 1971 Herman Gluck proved this for strictly positive preassigned curvature, and in 1997 Bjorn Dahlberg proved the full converse, without the restriction that the curvature be strictly positive. Publication was delayed by Dahlberg's untimely death in January 1998, but his paper was edited afterwards by Vilhelm Adolfsson and Peter Kumlin, and finally appeared in 2005. The work of Dahlberg completes the almost hundred-year-long thread of ideas begun by Mukhopadhyaya, and we take this opportunity to provide a self-contained exposition.

Abstract:
The Baer theorem states that for a group $G$ finiteness of $G/Z_i(G)$ implies finiteness of $\gamma_{i+1}(G)$. In this paper we show that if $G/Z(G)$ is finitely generated then the converse is true.

Abstract:
A local strict comparison theorem and some converse comparison theorems are proved for reflected backward stochastic differential equations under suitable conditions.

Abstract:
In this paper, we define a $\gamma$-factor for generic representations of $\RU(1,1)\times \Res_{E/F}(\GL_1)$ and prove a local converse theorem for $\RU(1,1)$ using the $\gamma$-factor we defined. We also give a new proof of the local converse theorem for $\GL_2$ using a $\gamma$-factor of $\GL_2\times \GL_2$ type which was originally defined by Jacquet in \cite{J}.

Abstract:
We prove a new converse theorem for Borcherds' multiplicative theta lift which improves the previously known results. To this end we develop a newform theory for vector valued modular forms for the Weil representation, which might be of independent interest. We also derive lower bounds for the ranks of the Picard groups and the spaces of holomorphic top degree differential forms of modular varieties associated to orthogonal groups.

Abstract:
In this paper, we mainly investigate the converse of a well-known theorem proved by P. Hall, and present detailed characterizations under the various assumptions of the existence of some families of Hall subgroups. In particular, we prove that if $p\neq 3$ and a finite group $G$ has a Hall $\{p,q\}$-subgroup for every prime $q\neq p$, then $G$ is $p$-soluble.