Abstract:
Schlesinger transformations are discrete monodromy preserving symmetry transformations of the classical Schlesinger system. Generalizing well-known results from the Riemann sphere we construct these transformations for isomonodromic deformations on genus one Riemann surfaces. Their action on the system's tau-function is computed and we obtain an explicit expression for the ratio of the old and the transformed tau-function.

Abstract:
Here we review some recent developments in the theory of isomonodromic deformations on Riemann sphere and elliptic curve. For both cases we show how to derive Schlesinger transformations together with their action on tau-function, and construct classes of solutions in terms of multi-dimensional theta-functions.

Abstract:
We study movable singularities of Garnier systems using the connection of the latter with Schlesinger isomonodromic deformations of Fuchsian systems

Abstract:
We develop an underlying relationship between the theory of rational approximations and that of isomonodromic deformations. We show that a certain duality in Hermite's two approximation problems for functions leads to the Schlesinger transformations, i.e. transformations of a linear differential equation shifting its characteristic exponents by integers while keeping its monodromy invariant. Since approximants and remainders are described by block-Toeplitzs determinants, one can clearly understand the determinantal structure in isomonodromic deformations. We demonstrate our method in a certain family of Hamiltonian systems of isomonodromy type including the sixth Painleve equation and Garnier systems; particularly, we present their solutions written in terms of iterated hypergeometric integrals. An algorithm for constructing the Schlesinger transformations is also discussed through vector continued fractions.

Abstract:
We study symmetries of the Bethe equations for the Gaudin model appeared naturally in the framework of the geometric Langlands correspondence under the name of Hecke operators and under the name of Schlesinger transformations in the theory of isomonodromic deformations, and particularly in the theory of Painlev\'e transcendents.

Abstract:
We study movable singularities of Garnier systems using the connection of the latter with isomonodromic deformations of Fuchsian systems. Questions on the existence of solutions for some inverse monodromy problems are also considered.

Abstract:
The quantization of isomonodromic deformation of a meromorphic connection on the torus is shown to lead directly to the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-Bernard equations in the same way as the problem on the sphere leads to the system of Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations. The Poisson bracket required for a Hamiltonian formulation of isomonodromic deformations is naturally induced by the Poisson structure of Chern-Simons theory in a holomorphic gauge fixing. This turns out to be the origin of the appearance of twisted quantities on the torus.

Abstract:
This note examines the geometry behind the Hamiltonian structure of isomonodromy deformations of connections on vector bundles over Riemann surfaces. The main point is that one should think of an open set of the moduli of pairs $(V,\nabla)$ of vector bundles and connections as being obtained by "twists" supported over points of a fixed vector bundle $V_0$ with a fixed connection $\nabla_0$; this gives two deformations, one, isomonodromic, of $(V,\nabla)$, and another induced from the isomonodromic deformation of $(V_0,\nabla_0)$. The difference between the two will be Hamiltonian.

Abstract:
We construct solutions of analogues of the nonstationary Schr\"odinger equation corresponding to the polynomial isomonodromic Hamiltonian Garnier system with two degrees of freedom. This solutions are obtained from solutions of systems of linear ordinary differential equations whose compatibility condition is the Garnier system. This solutions upto explicit transform also satisfy the Belavin --- Polyakov --- Zamolodchikov equations with four time variables and two space variables.

Abstract:
In the present work we calculate the group structure of the Schlesinger transformations for isomonodromic deformations of order two Fuchsian differential equations. We perform these transformations as the isomorphisms between the moduli spaces of the logarithmic sl(2)- connections with fixed eigenvalues of residues at singular points. We give the geometrical interpretation of the Schlesinger transformations and perform the calculations using the techniques of the modifications of bundles with connections. In order to illustrate this result we present classical examples of symmetries of the hypergeometric equation, the Heun equation and the sixth Painlev\'e equation.