Abstract:
We establish formulas for bounds on the Haudorff measure of the intersection of certain Cantor sets with their translates. As a consequence we obtain a formula for the Hausdorff dimensions of these intersections.

Abstract:
We isolate conditions on the relative size of sets of natural numbers $A,B$ that guarantee a nonempty intersection $\Delta(A)\cap\Delta(B)\ne\emptyset$ of the corresponding sets of distances. Such conditions apply to a large class of zero density sets. We also show that a variant of Khintchine's Recurrence Theorem holds for all infinite sets $A=\{a_1

Abstract:
We consider shifts of a set $A\subseteq\mathbb{N}$ by elements from another set $B\subseteq\mathbb{N}$, and prove intersection properties according to the relative asymptotic size of $A$ and $B$. A consequence of our main theorem is the following: If $A=\{a_n\}$ is such that $a_n=o(n^{k/k-1})$, then the $k$-recurrence set $R_k(A)=\{x\mid |A\cap(A+x)|\ge k\}$ contains the distance sets of arbitrarily large finite sets.

Abstract:
The focus here is on connected fractal sets with topological dimension 1 and a lot of topological activity, and their connections with analysis.

Abstract:
Let $E, F\subset \R^d$ be two self-similar sets. Under mild conditions, we show that $F$ can be $C^1$-embedded into $E$ if and only if it can be affinely embedded into $E$; furthermore if $F$ can not be affinely embedded into $E$, then the Hausdorff dimension of the intersection $E\cap f(F)$ is strictly less than that of $F$ for any $C^1$-diffeomorphism $f$ on $\R^d$. Under certain circumstances, we prove the logarithmic commensurability between the contraction ratios of $E$ and $F$ if $F$ can be affinely embedded into $E$. As an application, we show that $\dim_HE\cap f(F)<\min\{\dim_HE, \dim_HF\}$ when $E$ is any Cantor-$p$ set and $F$ any Cantor-$q$ set, where $p,q\geq 2$ are two integers with $\log p/\log q\not \in \Q$. This is related to a conjecture of Furtenberg about the intersections of Cantor sets.

Abstract:
We consider the optimal covering of fractal sets in a two-dimensional space using ellipses which become increasingly anisotropic as their size is reduced. If the semi-minor axis is \epsilon and the semi-major axis is \delta, we set \delta=\epsilon^\alpha, where 0<\alpha<1 is an exponent characterising the anisotropy of the covers. For point set fractals, in most cases we find that the number of points N which can be covered by an ellipse centred on any given point has expectation value < N > ~ \epsilon^\beta, where \beta is a generalised dimension. We investigate the function \beta(\alpha) numerically for various sets, showing that it may be different for sets which have the same fractal dimension.

Abstract:
We discuss various questions which arise when one considers the central projection of three dimensional fractal sets (galaxy catalogs) onto the celestial globe. The issues are related to how fractal such projections look. First we show that the lacunarity in the projection can be arbitrarily small. Further characteristics of the projected set---in particular scaling---depend sensitively on how the apparent sizes of galaxies are taken into account. Finally, we discuss the influence of opacity of galaxies. Combining these ideas, seemingly contradictory statements about lacunarity and apparent projections can be reconciled.

Abstract:
This paper is a survey, with few proofs, of ideas and notions related to self-similarity of groups, semi-groups and their actions. It attempts to relate these concepts to more familiar ones, such as fractals, self-similar sets, and renormalizable dynamical systems. In particular, it presents a plausible definition of what a "fractal group" should be, and gives many examples of such groups. A particularly interesting class of examples, derived from monodromy groups of iterated branch coverings, or equivalently from Galois groups of iterated polynomials, is presented. This class contains interesting groups from an algebraic point of view (just-non-solvable groups, groups of intermediate growth, branch groups,...), and at the same time the geometry of the group is apparent in that a limit of the group identifies naturally with the Julia set of the covering map. In its survey, the paper discusses finite-state transducers, growth of groups and languages, limit spaces of groups, hyperbolic spaces and groups, dynamical systems, Hecke-type operators, C^*-algebras, random matrices, ergodic theorems and entropy of non-commuting transformations. Self-similar groups appear then as a natural weaving thread through these seemingly different topics.

Abstract:
We consider some properties of the intersection of deleted digits Cantor sets with their translates. We investigate conditions on the set of digits such that, for any t between zero and the dimension of the deleted digits Cantor set itself, the set of translations such that the intersection has Hausdorff dimension equal to t is dense in the set F of translations such that the intersection is non-empty. We make some simple observations regarding properties of the set F, in particular, we characterize when F is an interval, in terms of conditions on the digit set.