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Measurement of longitudinal single-spin asymmetries for $W^{\pm}$ boson production in polarized $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV at STAR  [PDF]
Devika Gunarathne
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: $W^\pm$ boson production in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions provides unique and clean access to the individual helicity polarizations of $u$ / $d$ quarks and anti-quarks. Due to the maximal violation of parity in the coupling, $W$ bosons couple to left-handed quarks and right-handed anti-quarks and hence offer direct probes of their respective helicity distributions in the nucleon. These can be extracted from measured parity-violating longitudinal single-spin asymmetries, $A_L$, for $W^{+(-)}$ boson production as a function of the decay lepton (positron) pseudo-rapidity $\eta$. The STAR experiment is well equipped to measure $A_L$ for $W^\pm$ boson production for $|\eta|<1$. The published STAR $A_L$ results (2011 and 2012 data combined) have been used by several theoretical analyses suggesting a significant impact in constraining the helicity distributions of anti-$u$ and anti-$d$ quarks. In 2013 the STAR experiment has collected a large data sample of $\sim$250 pb$^{-1}$ which is more than 3 times larger than the total integrated luminosity in 2012, at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV with an average beam polarization of $\sim$54\%, comparable to run 2012. The status of the 2013 $A_L$ analysis will be discussed along with an overview of future plans.
$W$ Boson Production in Polarized p+p Collisions at RHIC  [PDF]
Justin R. Stevens,for the STAR Collaboration
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: The production of $W^{\pm}$ bosons in longitudinally polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at RHIC provides a new means of studying the spin-flavor asymmetries of the proton sea quark distributions. Details of the $W^{\pm}$ event selection in the $e^{\pm}$ decay channel at mid-rapidity are presented, along with preliminary results for the production cross section and parity-violating single-spin asymmetry, $A_L$, from the STAR Collaboration's 2009 data at $\sqrt{s}=500$ GeV.
Measurement of Longitudinal Spin Asymmetries From $W\rightarrow e$ Boson Decay in Polarized pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=500$ GeV at RHIC-PHENIX  [PDF]
Kensuke Okada et al.
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/295/1/012072
Abstract: We report the measurement of the parity violating single spin asymmetries for inclusive high transverse momentum electrons and positrons in polarized $p+p$ collisions at a center of mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=500$ GeV with the PHENIX detector at RHIC. These electrons are attributed to the decay of $W^\pm$ and $Z^0$ bosons, and measured production cross section is consistent with the expectations. The $W$ production is confirmed for the first time in $p+p$ collisions. Its spin asymmetry in the polarized $p+p$ collisions is a important probe for the quark flavor decomposition of the proton spin.
Double Longitudinal Spin Asymmetries of Inclusive Charged Pion Production in Polarized p+p Collisions at 200 GeV  [PDF]
Adam Kocoloski
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1063/1.2750795
Abstract: A primary goal of the STAR Spin program at RHIC is the measurement of the polarized gluon distribution function $\Delta G$, which can be obtained from a global analysis incorporating measurements of the double spin asymmetry A_{LL} in various final state channels of polarized p+p collisions. Final states with large production cross sections such as inclusive jet and hadron production are analyzed as the program moves towards the measurement of A_{LL} in the theoretically clean channel of prompt photon production. The channels p+p -> pi^{+/-} + X are unique in that the ordering of the measurements of A_{LL} in these two channels is sensitive to the sign of Delta G. Moreover, STAR has already established the procedure for the identification of charged pions and the calculation of their production cross-sections over a broad kinematic range. This contribution will present first measurements of double longitudinal spin asymmetries for inclusive charged pion production extracted from 3 pb^{-1} of data at sqrt{s}=200 GeV and 50% beam polarizations. The asymmetries are calculated over the transverse momentum region 2
Recent STAR results and future prospects of $W^{\pm}$ boson production in polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC  [PDF]
Bernd Surrow
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: The STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory is providing fundamental measurements in high-energy polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200-500\,$GeV to deepen our understanding on the spin structure and dynamics of the proton. This program has completed the first data taking period in 2009 of polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=500\,$GeV. This opens a new era in the study of the spin-flavor structure of the proton based on the production of $W^{-(+)}$ bosons. The measurement of the cross section and single-spin asymmetries for midrapidity decay positrons and electrons from $W^{+}$ and $W^{-}$ boson production in longitudinally polarized $\vec{p}+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=500\,$GeV is presented.
Single Transverse Spin Asymmetries of Identified Charged Hadrons in Polarized p+p Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 62.4 GeV  [PDF]
BRAHMS Collaboration,I. Arsene
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.042001
Abstract: The first measurements of $x_F$-dependent single spin asymmetries of identified charged hadrons, $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, and protons, from transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at 62.4 GeV at RHIC are presented. The measurements extend to high-$x_F$ ($|x_F|\sim 0.6$) in both the forward and backward directions.Large asymmetries are seen in the pion and kaon channels. The asymmetries in inclusive $\pi^{+}$ production, $A_N(\pi^+)$, increase with $x_F$ from 0 to $\sim$0.25 %at $x_F = 0.6$ and $A_N(\pi^{-})$ decrease from 0 to $\sim$$-$0.4. Even though $K^-$ contains no valence quarks, observed asymmetries for $K^-$ unexpectedly show positive values similar to those for $K^+$, increasing with $x_F$, whereas proton asymmetries are consistent with zero over the measured kinematic range. Comparisons of the data with predictions of QCD-based models are presented. The flavor dependent single spin asymmetry measurements of identified hadrons allow for stringent tests of theoretical models of partonic dynamics in the RHIC energy regime.
Recent STAR results and prospects of $W^{-(+)}$ boson production in polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at RHIC  [PDF]
Joseph Seele for the STAR Collaboration
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/295/1/012100
Abstract: In 2009, the RHIC spin physics program completed the first data taking period of polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 500$ GeV, accumulating ~12 pb$^{-1}$ with ~39% beam polarization. This opens a new era in the study of the spin-flavor structure of the proton based on the production of $W^{-(+)}$ bosons. $W^{-(+)}$ bosons are produced in $\bar{u}+d (\bar{d}+u)$ collisions and can be detected through their leptonic decays, $e^-+\bar{\nu_e}(e^++\nu_e)$, where only the respective charged lepton is measured. The discrimination of $\bar{u}+d$ and $\bar{d}+u$ quark combinations requires distinguishing the charge sign of high $p_T$ electrons and positrons, which in turn requires precise tracking information. At mid-rapidity, STAR relies on the Time Projection Chamber. At forward rapidity, new tracking capabilities will be provided by the Forward GEM Tracker, consisting of six triple-GEM detectors which are under construction. The suppression of QCD background over W boson signal events by several orders of magnitude is accomplished by using the highly segmented STAR Electromagnetic Calorimeters to impose isolation criteria suppressing jet events, and vetoing dijet events based on the measured away side energy. The status of the STAR results on the first measurements of the cross section and single spin asymmetry for $W^{-(+)}$ boson production in polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions will be presented along with a discussion of prospects involving the STAR Forward GEM Tracker.
Measurement of Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetries for Mid-rapidity Production of Neutral Pions and Charged Hadrons in Polarized p+p Collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV  [PDF]
PHENIX Collaboration,S. S. Adler
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.202001
Abstract: The transverse single-spin asymmetries of neutral pions and non-identified charged hadrons have been measured at mid-rapidity in polarized proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV. The data cover a transverse momentum (p_T) range 0.5-5.0 GeV/c for charged hadrons and 1.0-5.0 GeV/c for neutral pions, at a Feynman-x (x_F) value of approximately zero. The asymmetries seen in this previously unexplored kinematic region are consistent with zero within statistical errors of a few percent. In addition, the inclusive charged hadron cross section at mid-rapidity from 0.5 < p_T < 7.0 GeV/c is presented and compared to NLO pQCD calculations. Successful description of the unpolarized cross section above ~2 GeV/c using NLO pQCD suggests that pQCD is applicable in the interpretation of the asymmetry results in the relevant kinematic range.
Transverse Single Spin Asymmetries and Cross-Sections for Forward pi0 and eta Mesons at Large Feynman-x in sqrt(s)=200 GeV polarized p+p Collisions at STAR  [PDF]
Len K. Eun
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The STAR collaboration has previously reported a large transverse single spin asymmetry, A_N, for forward pi0 meson production. The cross-section in this region was measured up to Feynman-x (xF) of 0.55, and found to be consistent with perturbative Quantum Chromo-Dynamics predictions. During RHIC running in the year 2006 (6.8 inverse-pb, 56 % average polarization), an even larger A_N was observed for the eta meson at forward rapidity for xF > 0.5. All data were collected by the STAR Forward Pion Detector during sqrt(s) = 200 GeV polarized p+p collisions at RHIC. Understanding these large spin asymmetries requires information on the production cross-section. In this thesis, we present the results of the cross-section as well as the A_N measurements for both pi0 and eta mesons at average pseudo-rapidity of 3.7, for 0.4 < xF < 0.75. The details of the calibration, and the analysis methods are also discussed. Finally, we present selected aspects of the high voltage system for the STAR Forward Meson Spectrometer inner calorimeter, which was designed primarily by the author and his thesis advisor.
QCD Corrections to Double and Single Spin Asymmetries in Vector Boson Production at Polarized Hadron Colliders  [PDF]
T. Gehrmann
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00541-0
Abstract: The production of $W^{\pm}$ and $Z^0$ bosons in collisions of longitudinally polarized protons allows to access various combinations of the polarized quark distributions from the study of double and single spin asymmetries. We compute the ${\cal O}(\alpha_s)$ corrections to these asymmetries as function of the vector boson rapidity $y$ in the hadron-hadron centre-of-mass frame. Detailed studies of the numerical impact of the next-to-leading order corrections are presented. The theoretical uncertainties of an extraction of polarized quark distributions from future vector boson production data are investigated in detail.
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