Abstract:
Let $K$ be a convex subset of the state space of a finite dimensional $C^*$-algebra. We study the properties of channels on $K$, which are defined as affine maps from $K$ into the state space of another algebra, extending to completely positive maps on the subspace generated by $K$. We show that each such map is the restriction of a completely positive map on the whole algebra, called a generalized channel. We characterize the set of generalized channels and also the equivalence classes of generalized channels having the same value on $K$. Moreover, if $K$ contains the tracial state, the set of generalized channels forms again a convex subset of a multipartite state space, this leads to a definition of a generalized supermap, which is a generalized channel with respect to this subset. We prove a decomposition theorem for generalized supermaps and describe the equivalence classes. The set of generalized supermaps having the same value on equivalent generalized channels is also characterized. Special cases include quantum combs and process POVMs.

Abstract:
We study the order dimension of the lattice of closed sets for a convex geometry. Further, we prove the existence of large convex geometries realized by planar point sets that have very low order dimension. We show that the planar point set of Erdos and Szekeres from 1961 which is a set of 2^(n-2) points and contains no convex n-gon has order dimension n - 1 and any larger set of points has order dimension strictly larger than n - 1.

Abstract:
We use convex decomposition theory to (1) reprove the existence of a universally tight contact structure on every irreducible 3-manifold with nonempty boundary, and (2) prove that every toroidal 3-manifold carries infinitely many nonisotopic, nonisomorphic tight contact structures.

Abstract:
We show that every smooth closed oriented four-manifold admits a decomposition into two co- dimension zero submanifolds with common boundary. Each of these submanifolds carries a structure of a symplectic manifold with pseudo-convex boundary. This imply, in particular, that every smooth closed simply-connected four-manifold is a Stein domain in the the complement of a certain contractible 2-complex.

Abstract:
Let $\mathcal{P} \subset \mathbb{R}^{d}$ and $\mathcal{Q} \subset \mathbb{R}^e$ be integral convex polytopes of dimension $d$ and $e$ which contain the origin of $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ and $\mathbb{R}^e$, respectively. In the present paper, under some assumptions, the necessary and sufficient condition for the free sum of $\mathcal{P}$ and $\mathcal{Q}$ to possess the integer decomposition property will be presented.

Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to provide some new tools to aid the study of decomposition complexity, a notion introduced by Guentner, Tessera and Yu. In this paper, three equivalent definitions for decomposition complexity are established. We prove that metric spaces with finite hyperbolic dimension have finite (weak) decomposition complexity, and we prove that the collection of metric families that are coarsely embeddable into Hilbert space is closed under decomposition. A method for showing that certain metric spaces do not have finite decomposition complexity is also discussed.

Abstract:
We discuss the symmetry decomposition of the average density of states for the two dimensional potential $V=x^2y^2$ and its three dimensional generalisation $V=x^2y^2+y^2z^2+z^2x^2$. In both problems, the energetically accessible phase space is non-compact due to the existence of infinite channels along the axes. It is known that in two dimensions the phase space volume is infinite in these channels thus yielding non-standard forms for the average density of states. Here we show that the channels also result in the symmetry decomposition having a much stronger effect than in potentials without channels, leading to terms which are essentially leading order. We verify these results numerically and also observe a peculiar numerical effect which we associate with the channels. In three dimensions, the volume of phase space is finite and the symmetry decomposition follows more closely that for generic potentials --- however there are still non-generic effects related to some of the group elements.

Abstract:
Dimensions like Gelfand, Krull, Goldie have an intrinsic role in the study of theory of rings and modules. They provide useful technical tools for studying their structure. In this paper we define one of the dimensions called couniserial dimension that measures how close a ring or module is to being uniform. Despite their different objectives, it turns out that there are certain common properties between the couniserial dimension and Krull dimension like each module having such a dimension contains a uniform submodule and has finite uniform dimension, among others. Like all dimensions, this is an ordinal valued invariant. Every module of finite length has couniserial dimension and its value lies between the uniform dimension and the length of the module. Modules with countable couniserial dimension are shown to possess indecomposable decomposition. In particular, von Neumann regular ring with countable couniserial dimension is semisimple artinian. If the maximal right quotient ring of a non-singular ring R has a couniserial dimension as an R-module, then R is a semiprime right Goldie ring. As one of the applications, it follows that all right R-modules have couniserial dimension if and only if R is a semisimple artinian ring.

Abstract:
The notion of an abstract convex geometry offers an abstraction of the standard notion of convexity in a linear space. Kashiwabara, Nakamura and Okamoto introduce the notion of a generalized convex shelling into $\mathbb{R}$ and prove that a convex geometry may always be represented with such a shelling. We provide a new, shorter proof of their result using a recent representation theorem of Richter and Rubinstein, and deduce a different upper bound on the dimension of the shelling.