Abstract:
We study the zero- and the finite-temperature behavior of the integrable spin-1/2 XXZ periodic chain with an impurity by the algebraic and thermal Bethe ansatz methods. We evaluate the impurity local magnetization at zero temperature analytically and derive the impurity susceptibility exactly from it. In the graphs of the impurity specific heat versus temperature, we show how the impurity spin becomes more liberated from the bulk many-body effect as the exchange coupling between the impurity spin and other spins decreases, and also that in low temperature it couples strongly to them such as the Kondo effect. Thus, we observe not only the crossover behavior from the high- to the low-temperature regime but also another one from the $N$-site chain to the $(N-1)$-site chain with a free impurity spin. We also show that the estimate of the Wilson ratio at a given low temperature is independent of the impurity parameter if its absolute value is small enough with respect to the temperature, and the universality class is described by the XXZ anisotropy in terms of the dressed charge.

Abstract:
We investigate the asymptotic behaviour of spin-spin correlation functions for the integrable Heisenberg chain. To this end we use the Quantum Transfer Matrix (QTM) technique developed in \cite{AK} which results in a set of non-linear integral equations (NLIE). In the case of the largest eigenvalue the solution to these equations yields the free energy and by modifications of the paths of integration the next-leading eigenvalues and hence the correlation lengths are obtained. At finite field $h>0$ and sufficiently high temperature $T$ the next-leading eigenvalue is unique and given by a 1-string solution to the QTM taking real and negative values thus resulting into exponentially decaying correlations with antiferromagnetic oscillations. At sufficiently low temperatures a different behaviour sets in where the next-leading eigenvalues of QTM are given by a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues resulting into incommensurate oscillations. The above scenario is the result of analytical and numerical investigations of the QTM establishing a well defined crossover temperature $T_c(h)$ at which the 1-string eigenvalue to the QTM gets degenerate with the 2-string solution. Among other things we find a simple particle-hole picture for the excitations of the QTM and we make contact with the dressed charge formulation of CFT.

Abstract:
For the antiferromagnetic, highly anisotropic XZ and XXZ quantum spin chains, we impose periodic boundary conditions on chains with an odd number of sites to force an interface (or kink) into the chain. We prove that the energy of the interface depends on the momentum of the state. This shows that at zero temperature the interface in such chains is not stable. This is in contrast to the ferromagnetic XXZ chain for which the existence of localized interface ground states has been proven for any amount of anisotropy in the Ising-like regime.

Abstract:
We study the entanglement entropy scaling of the XXZ chain. While in the critical XY phase of the XXZ chain the entanglement entropy scales logarithmically with a coefficient that is determined by the associated conformal field theory, at the ferromagnetic point, however, the system is not conformally invariant yet the entanglement entropy still scales logarithmically albeit with a different coefficient. We investigate how such an nontrivial scaling at the ferromagnetic point influences the estimation of the central charge $c$ in the critical XY phase. In particular we use the entanglement scaling of the finite or infinite system, as well as the finite-size scaling of the ground state energy to estimate the value of $c$. In addition, the spin-wave velocity and the scaling dimension are also estimated. We show that in all methods the evaluations are influenced by the nearby ferromagnetic point and result in crossover behavior. Finally we discuss how to determine whether the central charge estimation is strongly influenced by the crossover behavior and how to properly evaluate the central charge.

Abstract:
Using the bosonization technique, we have studied a spin-1/2 magnetic impurity in Heisenberg chain, and shown that the impurity specific heat and spin susceptibility have an anomalous temperature dependence.

Abstract:
The boundary quantum entanglement for the s=1/2 XXZ spin chain with boundary impurities is studied via the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method. It is shown that the entanglement entropy of the boundary bond (the impurity and the chain spin next to it) behaves differently in different phases. The relationship between the singular points of the boundary entropy and boundary quantum critical points is discussed.

Abstract:
We compute, by means of exact diagonalization of systems of N=16 and 18 spins, the correlation function <\sigma^z_0\sigma^z_n> at nonzero temperature for the XXZ model with anisotropy \Delta. In the gapless ferromagnetic region -1<\Delta<0 for fixed separation the temperature can always be made sufficiently low so that the correlation is always negative for n \neq 0. However we find that for sufficiently large temperatures and fixed separation or for fixed temperature greater than some T0(\DElta) and sufficiently large separations the correlations are always positive. This sign changing effect has not been previously seen and we interpret it as a crossover from quantum to classical behavior.

Abstract:
We derive a novel multiple integral representation for a generating function of the $\s^z$-$\s^z$ correlation functions of the spin-$\2$ XXZ chain at finite temperature and finite, longitudinal magnetic field. Our work combines algebraic Bethe ansatz techniques for the calculation of matrix elements with the quantum transfer matrix approach to thermodynamics.

Abstract:
Motivated by recent investigations of transport properties of strongly correlated 1d models and thermal conductivity measurements of quasi 1d magnetic systems we present results for the integrable spin-1/2 $XXZ$ chain. The thermal conductivity $\kappa(\omega)$ of this model has $\Re\kappa(\omega)=\tilde\kappa \delta(\omega)$, i.e. it is infinite for zero frequency $\omega$. The weight $\tilde\kappa$ of the delta peak is calculated exactly by a lattice path integral formulation. Numerical results for wide ranges of temperature and anisotropy are presented. The low and high temperature limits are studied analytically.

Abstract:
We investigate the role of momentum for the transport of magnetization in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain above the isotropic point at finite temperature and momentum. Using numerical and analytical approaches, we analyze the autocorrelations of density and current and observe a finite region of the Brillouin zone with diffusive dynamics below a cut-off momentum, and a diffusion constant independent of momentum and time, which scales inversely with anisotropy. Lowering the temperature over a wide range, starting from infinity, the diffusion constant is found to increase strongly while the momentum space cut-off for diffusion decreases. Above the cut-off momentum diffusion breaks down completely.