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Nonlinear Coherent Perfect Absorption  [PDF]
K. Nireekshan Reddy,S. Dutta Gupta
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We review some of the recent concepts and their realization exploiting the perfect destructive interference of light in micro and nano structures. One refers to optical structures where the effective absorption can be controlled and maximized to perfect absorption. The reported effects depend crucially on the coherent nature of the exciting radiation. Achieved with a single (two or more) incident plane wave (waves) the effect carries the name of critical coupling (coherent perfect absorption). Thus in a system supporting critical coupling (CC) or coherent perfect absorption (CPA) all the incident radiation can be absorbed leading to null scattering. In particular all the incident light energy can be channeled into a specified mode of a multimodal structure if such modes are supported by the system. We present a brief overview of CC and CPA in linear systems to recount their underlying concepts as time-reversed lasing and some of their futuristic applications. Next we review our work on the nonlinear extensions of CC and CPA where one or more of the layered media could be nonlinear with Kerr-type nonlinearity. The dispersive nonlinearity is shown to offer a practical handle over the process of perfect absorption by incident laser power. Further we show that the nonlinear periodic structure can support gap solitons which absorbs all the incident energy and do not scatter any light outside the hetero-guide
User Partitioning for Less Overhead in MIMO Interference Channels  [PDF]
Steven W. Peters,Robert W. Heath Jr
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: This paper presents a study on multiple-antenna interference channels, accounting for general overhead as a function of the number of users and antennas in the network. The model includes both perfect and imperfect channel state information based on channel estimation in the presence of noise. Three low complexity methods are proposed for reducing the impact of overhead in the sum network throughput by partitioning users into orthogonal groups. The first method allocates spectrum to the groups equally, creating an imbalance in the sum rate of each group. The second proposed method allocates spectrum unequally among the groups to provide rate fairness. Finally, geographic grouping is proposed for cases where some receivers do not observe significant interference from other transmitters. For each partitioning method, the optimal solution not only requires a brute force search over all possible partitions, but also requires full channel state information, thereby defeating the purpose of partitioning. We therefore propose greedy methods to solve the problems, requiring no instantaneous channel knowledge. Simulations show that the proposed greedy methods switch from time-division to interference alignment as the coherence time of the channel increases, and have a small loss relative to optimal partitioning only at moderate coherence times.
Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers  [PDF]
Hou-Tong Chen
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.007165
Abstract: The impedance matching in metamaterial perfect absorbers has been believed to involve and rely on magnetic resonant response, with a direct evidence from the anti-parallel directions of surface currents in the metal structures. Here we present a different theoretical interpretation based on interferences, which shows that the two layers of metal structure in metamaterial absorbers are linked only by multiple reflections with negligible near-field interactions or magnetic resonances. This is further supported by the out-of-phase surface currents derived at the interfaces of resonator array and ground plane through multiple reflections and superpositions. The theory developed here explains all features observed in narrowband metamaterial absorbers and therefore provides a profound understanding of the underlying physics.
Controllable coherent perfect absorption in a composite film  [PDF]
Shourya Dutta-Gupta,Olivier J. F. Martin,S. Dutta Gupta,G. S. Agarwal
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.001330
Abstract: We exploit the versatility provided by metal--dielectric composites to demonstrate controllable coherent perfect absorption (CPA) in a slab of heterogeneous medium. The slab is illuminated by coherent light from both sides, at the same angle of incidence and the conditions required for CPA are investigated as a function of the different geometrical parameters. The simultaneous realization of CPA at two distinct frequencies is also shown. Finally, our calculations clearly elucidate the role of absorption as a necessary prerequisite for CPA.
Interference of stimulated electronic Raman scattering and linear absorption in coherent control  [PDF]
J. Rioux,J. E. Sipe,Guido Burkard
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.115424
Abstract: We consider quantum interference effects in carrier and photocurrent excitation in graphene using coherent electromagnetic field components at frequencies $\omega$ and $2\omega$. The response of the material at the fundamental frequency $\omega$ is presented, and it is shown that one-photon absorption at $\omega$ interferes with stimulated electronic Raman scattering (combined $2\omega$ absorption and $\omega$ emission) to result in a net contribution to the current injection. This interference occurs with a net energy absorption of $\hbar\omega$ and exists in addition to the previously studied interference occurring with a net energy absorption of $2\hbar\omega$ under the same irradiation conditions. Due to the absence of a bandgap and the possibility to block photon absorption by tuning the Fermi level, graphene is the perfect material to study this contribution. We calculate the polarization dependence of this all-optical effect for intrinsic graphene and show that the combined response of the material at both $\omega$ and $2\omega$ leads to an anisotropic photocurrent injection, whereas the magnitude of the injection current in doped graphene, when transitions at $\omega$ are Pauli blocked, is isotropic. By considering the contribution to coherent current control from stimulated electronic Raman scattering, we find that graphene offers tunable, polarization sensitive applications. Coherent control due to the interference of stimulated electronic Raman scattering and linear absorption is relevant not only for graphene but also for narrow-gap semiconductors, topological insulators, and metals.
The Capacity of Less Noisy Cognitive Interference Channels  [PDF]
Mojtaba Vaezi
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Fundamental limits of the cognitive interference channel (CIC) with two pairs of transmitter-receiver has been under exploration for several years. In this paper, we study the discrete memoryless cognitive interference channel (DM-CIC) in which the cognitive transmitter non-causally knows the message of the primary transmitter. The capacity of this channel is not known in general; it is only known in some special cases. Inspired by the concept of less noisy broadcast channel (BC), in this work we introduce the notion of less noisy cognitive interference channel. Unlike BC, due to the inherent asymmetry of the cognitive channel, two different less noisy channels are distinguishable; these are named the primary-less-noisy and cognitive-less-noisy channels. We derive capacity region for the latter case, by introducing inner and outer bounds on the capacity of the DM-CIC and showing that these bounds coincide for the cognitive-less-noisy channel. Having established the capacity region, we prove that superposition coding is the optimal encoding technique.
Quantum interference between two single photons of different microwave frequencies  [PDF]
Fran?ois Nguyen,Eva Zakka-Bajjani,Raymond W. Simmonds,José Aumentado
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.163602
Abstract: We have measured quantum interference between two single microwave photons trapped in a superconducting resonator, whose frequencies are initially about 6 GHz apart. We accomplish this by use of a parametric frequency conversion process that mixes the mode currents of two cavity harmonics through a superconducting quantum interference device, and demonstrate that a two-photon entanglement operation can be performed with high fidelity.
Perfect and broadband acoustic absorption by critical coupling  [PDF]
V. Romero-García,G. Theocharis,O. Richoux,A. Merkel,V. Tournat,V. Pagneux
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We experimentally and analytically report broadband and narrowband perfect absorption in two different acoustic waveguide-resonator geometries by the mechanism of critical coupling. In the first geometry the resonator (a Helmholtz resonator) is side-loaded to the waveguide and it has a moderate quality factor. In the second geometry the resonator (a viscoelastic porous plate) is in-line loaded and it contains two resonant modes with low quality factor. The interplay between the energy leakage of the resonant modes into the waveguide and the inherent losses of the system reveals a perfect and a broadband nearly perfect absorption. The results shown in this work can motivate relevant research for the design of broadband perfect absorbers in other domains of wave physics.
Perfect function transfer and interference effects in interacting boson lattices  [PDF]
Lian-Ao Wu,Adam Miranowicz,XiangBin Wang,Yu-xi Liu,Franco Nori
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.80.012332
Abstract: We show how to perfectly transfer, without state initialization and remote collaboration, arbitrary functions in interacting boson lattices. We describe a possible implementation of state transfer through bosonic atoms trapped in optical lattices or polaritons in on-chip coupled cavities. Significantly, a family of Hamiltonians, both linear and nonlinear, is found which are related to the Bose-Hubbard model and that enable the perfect transfer of arbitrary functions. It is shown that the state transfer between two sites in two-dimensional lattices can result in quantum interference due to the different numbers of intermediate sites in different paths. The signature factor in nuclear physics can be useful to characterize this quantum interference.
Coherent perfect absorption of path entangled single photons  [PDF]
Sumei Huang,G. S. Agarwal
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.020936
Abstract: We examine the question of coherent perfect absorption (CPA) of single photons, and more generally, of the quantum fields by a {\it macroscopic} medium. We show the CPA of path entangled single photons in a Fabry-Perot interferometer containing an absorptive medium. The frequency of perfect absorption can be controlled by changing the interferometer parameters like the reflectivity and the complex dielectric constant of the material. We exhibit similar results for path entangled photons in micro-ring resonators. For entangled fields like the ones produced by a down converter the CPA aspect is evident in phase sensitive detection schemes such as in measurements of the squeezing spectrum.
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