Abstract:
This review is devoted to the discussion of hadron properties in the nuclear medium and its relation to the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. Special attention is given to disentangle in-medium effects due to conventional many-body interactions from those due to the change of the chiral condensate. In particular, we shall discuss medium effects on the Goldstone bosons (pion, kaon and eta), the vector mesons (rho, omega, phi), and the nucleon. Also, for each proposed in-medium effect the experimental consequence and results will be reviewed.

Abstract:
In this talk various aspects of in-medium behavior of hadrons are discussed with an emphasis on observable effects. Examples for theoretical predictions of in-medium spectral functions are given and the importance of resonance-hole excitations is stressed. It is also stressed that final state interactions can have a major effect on observables and thus have to be considered as part of the theory. This is demonstrated with examples from neutrino-nucleus interactions. Finally, the possibility to access hadron formation times in high-energy photonuclear (or neutrino-induced) reactions is illustrated.

Abstract:
We review the current status of theories and experiments aiming at an understanding and a determination of the properties of light vector and scalar mesons inside strongly interacting hadronic matter, with an emphasis on linking calculated properties of hadrons in medium to actual observables.

Abstract:
In these lectures I first give a motivation for investigations of in-medium properties of hadrons. I discuss the relevant symmetries of QCD and how they might affect the observed hadron properties. I then discuss at length the observable consequences of in-medium changes of hadronic properties in reactions with elementary probes, and in particular photons, on nuclei. Here I put an emphasis on new experiments on changes of the sigma and omega mesons in medium.

Abstract:
This reports our recent studies on changes in properties of heavy hadrons containing at least a charm or a bottom quark in nuclear matter, and that the results for the $\Lambda^+_c$ and $\Lambda_b$ hypernuclei are studied quantitatively. Comparisons are made with the results for the $\Lambda$ hypernuclei studied previously in the same approach. It is shown that although the scalar and vector potentials for the $\Lambda$, $\Lambda_c^+$ and $\Lambda_b$ in the hypernuclei multiplet with the same baryon numbers are quite similar, the wave functions obtained, e.g., for $1s_{1/2}$ state, are very different. The $\Lambda^+_c$ probability density distribution in $^{209}_{\Lambda^+_c}$Pb is much more pushed away from the center than that for the $\Lambda$ in $^{209}_\Lambda$Pb due to the Coulomb force. On the contrary, the $\Lambda_b$ probability density distributions in $\Lambda_b$ hypernuclei are much larger near the origin than those for the $\Lambda$ in the $\Lambda$ hypernuclei due to its heavy mass. A possibility of $B^-$ nuclear bound (atomic) states is also briefly discussed.

Abstract:
Some recent developments in chiral dynamics of hadrons and hadrons in a medium are presented. Unitary schemes based on chiral Lagrangians describe some hadronic states as being dynamically generated resonances. We discuss how standard quantum many body techniques can be used to calculate the properties of these dynamically generated and other hadrons in the nuclear medium. We present some results for vector mesons ($\rho$ and $\phi$), scalar mesons ($\sigma$, $\kappa$, $a_0(980)$, $f_0(980)$), the $\Lambda(1520)$ and for the in-medium baryon-baryon interaction.

Abstract:
We study the properties of charmed hadrons in dense matter within a coupled-channel approach which accounts for Pauli blocking effects and meson self-energies in a self-consistent manner. We analyze the behaviour in this dense environment of dynamically-generated baryonic resonances as well as the open-charm meson spectral functions. We discuss the implications of the in-medium properties of open-charm mesons on the $D_{s0}(2317)$ and the predicted X(3700) scalar resonances.

Abstract:
In this talk I give a short review of theoretical results on the properties of hadrons in cold, equilibrium nuclear matter. I then discuss the observable consequences of any changes of these properties inside the medium in actual experiments. I demonstrate that any experimental verification of in-medium effects requires a state-of-the-art treatment of the reaction dynamics and, in particular, also the final state interactions.

Abstract:
After a short motivation I outline a consistent treatment of hadronic spectral functions based on transport theory. As examples I discuss nucleon spectral functions and the observable effects of changes of the properties of vector mesons inside nuclei.

Abstract:
1. QCD Sum Rules: 20 Years After; 2. QCD Vacuum and Basics of the SVZ Method: 2.1 General ideas; 2.2. Getting started/Playing with toy models; 3. Vacuum Condensates; 4. Rho Meson in QCD; 5. Basic Theoretical Instrument -- Wilson's OPE; 6. Practical Version of OPE; 7. Low Energy Theorems; 8. Are All Hadrons Alike? 9. Ecological Niche; 10. New Developments: 10.1 Light-cone sum rules; 10.2 Heavy flavor sum rules; 11. Sum Rules and Lattices; 12. Vacuum Fluctuations are Subtle Creatures; 13. Instead of Conclusions.