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Cooperative Robustness to Static Disorder: Superradiance and localization in a nanoscale ring to model natural light-harvesting systems  [PDF]
G. L. Celardo,G. G. Giusteri,F. Borgonovi
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.075113
Abstract: We analyze a 1-d ring structure composed of many two-level systems, in the limit where only one excitation is present. The two-level systems are coupled to a common environment, where the excitation can be lost, which induces super and subradiant behavior, an example of cooperative quantum coherent effect. We consider time-independent random fluctuations of the excitation energies. This static disorder, also called inhomogeneous broadening in literature, induces Anderson localization and is able to quench Superradiance. We identify two different regimes: $i)$ weak opening, in which Superradiance is quenched at the same critical disorder at which the states of the closed system localize; $ii)$ strong opening, with a critical disorder strength proportional to both the system size and the degree of opening, displaying robustness of cooperativity to disorder. Relevance to photosynthetic complexes is discussed.
Superradiance  [PDF]
Richard Brito,Vitor Cardoso,Paolo Pani
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19000-6
Abstract: Superradiance is a radiation enhancement process that involves dissipative systems. With a 60 year-old history, superradiance has played a prominent role in optics, quantum mechanics and especially in relativity and astrophysics. In General Relativity, black-hole superradiance is permitted by dissipation at the event horizon, that allows for energy, charge and angular momentum extraction from the vacuum, even at the classical level. Black-hole superradiance is intimately connected to the black-hole area theorem, Penrose process, tidal forces and even Hawking radiation, which can be interpreted as a quantum version of black-hole superradiance. Various mechanisms (as diverse as massive fields, magnetic fields, anti-de Sitter boundaries, nonlinear interactions, etc...) can confine the amplified radiation and give rise to strong instabilities. These "black-hole bombs" have applications in searches of dark matter and of physics beyond the Standard Model, are associated to the threshold of formation of new black hole solutions that evade the no-hair theorems, can be studied in the laboratory by devising analog models of gravity, and might even provide a holographic description of spontaneous symmetry breaking and superfluidity through the gauge-gravity duality. This work is meant to provide a unified picture of this multifaceted subject, which was missing in the literature. We focus on the recent developments in the field, and work out a number of novel examples and applications, ranging from fundamental physics to astrophysics.
Closed form solutions for symmetric water filling games  [PDF]
Eitan Altman,Konstantin Avrachenkov,Andrey Garnaev
Computer Science , 2007,
Abstract: We study power control in optimization and game frameworks. In the optimization framework there is a single decision maker who assigns network resources and in the game framework users share the network resources according to Nash equilibrium. The solution of these problems is based on so-called water-filling technique, which in turn uses bisection method for solution of non-linear equations for Lagrange multiplies. Here we provide a closed form solution to the water-filling problem, which allows us to solve it in a finite number of operations. Also, we produce a closed form solution for the Nash equilibrium in symmetric Gaussian interference game with an arbitrary number of users. Even though the game is symmetric, there is an intrinsic hierarchical structure induced by the quantity of the resources available to the users. We use this hierarchical structure to perform a successive reduction of the game. In addition, to its mathematical beauty, the explicit solution allows one to study limiting cases when the crosstalk coefficient is either small or large. We provide an alternative simple proof of the convergence of the Iterative Water Filling Algorithm. Furthermore, it turns out that the convergence of Iterative Water Filling Algorithm slows down when the crosstalk coefficient is large. Using the closed form solution, we can avoid this problem. Finally, we compare the non-cooperative approach with the cooperative approach and show that the non-cooperative approach results in a more fair resource distribution.
A Stochastic Geometry Based Approach to Modeling Interference Correlation in Cooperative Relay Networks  [PDF]
Young Jin Chun,Simon L. Cotton,Mazen O. Hasna,Ali Ghrayeb
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Future wireless networks are expected to be a convergence of many diverse network technologies and architectures, such as cellular networks, wireless local area networks, sensor networks, and device to device communications. Through cooperation between dissimilar wireless devices, this new combined network topology promises to unlock ever larger data rates and provide truly ubiquitous coverage for end users, as well as enabling higher spectral efficiency. However, it also increases the risk of co-channel interference and introduces the possibility of correlation in the aggregated interference that not only impacts the communication performance, but also makes the associated mathematical analysis much more complex. To address this problem and evaluate the communication performance of cooperative relay networks, we adopt a stochastic geometry based approach by assuming that the interfering nodes are randomly distributed according to a Poisson point process (PPP). We also use a random medium access protocol to counteract the effects of interference correlation. Using this approach, we derive novel closed-form expressions for the successful transmission probability and local delay of a relay network with correlated interference. As well as this, we find the optimal transmission probability $p$ that jointly maximizes the successful transmission probability and minimizes the local delay. Finally numerical results are provided to confirm that the proposed joint optimization strategy achieves a significant performance gain compared to a conventional scheme.
Closed-Form Expressions for Relay Selection with Secrecy Constraints  [PDF]
Xiaojun Sun,Chunming Zhao,Ming Jiang
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: An opportunistic relay selection based on instantaneous knowledge of channels is considered to increase security against eavesdroppers. The closed-form expressions are derived for the average secrecy rates and the outage probability when the cooperative networks use Decode-and-Forward (DF) or Amplify-and-Forward (AF) strategy. These techniques are demonstrated analytically and with simulation results.
Rate Selection for Cooperative HARQ-CC Systems over Time-Correlated Nakagami-m Fading Channels  [PDF]
Zheng Shi,Shaodan Ma,Kam-Weng Tam
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of rate selection for the cooperative hybrid automatic repeat request with chase combination (HARQ-CC) system, where time correlated Nakagami-m fading channels are considered. To deal with this problem, the closed-form cumulative distribution function (CDF) for the combine SNRs through maximal ratio combining (MRC) is first derived as a generalized Fox's $\bar H$ function. By using this result, outage probability and delay-limited throughput (DLT) are derived in closed forms, which then enables the rate selection for maximum DLT. These analytical results are validated via Monte Carlo simulations. The impacts of time correlation and channel fading-order parameter $m$ upon outage probability, DLT and the optimal rate are investigated thoroughly. It is found that the system can achieve more diversity gain from less correlated channels, and the outage probability of cooperative HARQ-CC system decreases with the increase of $m$, and etc. Furthermore, the optimal rate increases with the number of retransmissions, while it decreases with the increase of the channel time correlation.
Closed-Form Trajectories of the Unicycle  [PDF]
Andres Garcia,Osvaldo Agamennoni,Jose Figueroa
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: This paper presents a methodology to stabilize some kind of Nonlinear Control system known as Driftless, utilizing the concept of \textit{Pseudo-Kinetic Energy} introduced in this work. Once this controller is applied to the Unicycle-type robot, stability is guaranteed with the salient property that the structure of the controller allows to solve in closed-form the trajectories of the vehicle. While the proposed controller only ensures stability (not asymptotic stability) the obtained closed-form solutions will show a path to obtain in closed form the solutions for the general control problem of the unicycle. Some conclusions and future directions for research are also depicted.
Cooperative robustness to dephasing: single-exciton Superradiance in a nanoscale ring to model natural light-harvesting systems  [PDF]
G. L. Celardo,P. Poli,L. Lussardi,F. Borgonovi
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.085142
Abstract: We analyze a 1-d ring structure composed of many two-levels systems, in the limit where only one excitation is present. The two-levels systems are coupled to a common environment, where the excitation can be lost, which induces super and subradiant behavior. Moreover, each two-levels system is coupled to another independent environment, modeled by a classical white noise, simulating a dephasing bath and described by the Haken-Strobl master equation. Single exciton Superradiance, an example of cooperative quantum coherent effect, is destroyed at a critical dephasing strength proportional to the system size, showing robustness of cooperativity to the action of the dephasing environment. We also show that the coupling to a common decay channel contrasts the action of dephasing, driving the entanglement decay to slow down on increasing the system size. Moreover, after a projective measurement which finds the excitation in the system, the entanglement reaches a stationary value, independent of the initial conditions.
On the Theory of Vibronic Superradiance  [PDF]
A. P. Saiko
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1134/1.1503754
Abstract: The Dicke superradiance on vibronic transitions of impurity crystals is considered. It is shown that parameters of the superradiance (duration and intensity of the superradiance pulse and delay times) on each vibronic transition depend on the strength of coupling of electronic states with the intramolecular impurity vibration (responsible for the vibronic structure of the optical spectrum in the form of vibrational replicas of the pure electronic line) and on the crystal temperature through the Debye-Waller factor of the lattice vibrations. Theoretical estimates of the ratios of the time delays, as well as of the superradiance pulse intensities for different vibronic transitions well agree with the results of experimental observations of two-color superradiance in the polar dielectric KCl:O2-. In addition, the theory describes qualitatively correctly the critical temperature dependence of the superradiance effect.
Closed-form shock solutions  [PDF]
Bryan M. Johnson
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2014.107
Abstract: It is shown here that a subset of the implicit analytical shock solutions discovered by Becker and by Johnson can be inverted, yielding several exact closed-form solutions of the one-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes equations for an ideal gas. For a constant dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity, and at particular values of the shock Mach number, the velocity can be expressed in terms of a polynomial root. For a constant kinematic viscosity, independent of Mach number, the velocity can be expressed in terms of a hyperbolic tangent function. The remaining fluid variables are related to the velocity through simple algebraic expressions. The solutions derived here make excellent verification tests for numerical algorithms, since no source terms in the evolution equations are approximated, and the closed-form expressions are straightforward to implement. The solutions are also of some academic interest as they may provide insight into the non-linear character of the Navier-Stokes equations and may stimulate further analytical developments.
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