Abstract:
Exploiting a notion of Kaehler structure on a stratified space introduced elsewhere we show that, in the Kaehler case, reduction after quantization coincides with quantization after reduction: Key tools developed for that purpose are stratified polarizations and stratified prequantum modules, the latter generalizing prequantum bundles. These notions encapsulate, in particular, the behaviour of a polarization and that of a prequantum bundle across the strata. Our main result says that, for a positive Kaehler manifold with a hamiltonian action of a compact Lie group, when suitable additional conditions are imposed, reduction after quantization coincides with quantization after reduction in the sense that not only the reduced and unreduced quantum phase spaces correspond but the (invariant) unreduced and reduced quantum observables as well. Over a stratified space, the appropriate quantum phase space is a costratified Hilbert space in such a way that the costratified structure reflects the stratification. Examples of stratified Kaehler spaces arise from the closures of holomorphic nilpotent orbits including angular momentum zero reduced spaces, and from representations of compact Lie groups. For illustration, we carry out Kaehler quantization on various spaces of that kind including singular Fock spaces.

Abstract:
The first obstacle in building a Geometric Quantization theory for nilpotent orbits of a real semisimple Lie group has been the lack of an invariant polarization. In order to generalize the Fock space construction of the quantum mechanical oscillator, a polarization of the symplectic orbit invariant under the maximal compact subgroup is required. In this paper, we explain how such a polarization on the orbit arises naturally from the work of Kronheimer and Vergne. This occurs in the context of hyperkaehler geometry. The polarization is complex and in fact makes the orbit into a (positive) Kaehler manifold. We study the geometry of this Kaehler structure, the Vergne diffeomorphism, and the Hamiltonian functions giving the symmetry. We indicate how all this fits into a quantization program.

Abstract:
Each Scorza variety and its secant varieties in the ambient projective space are identified, in the realm of singular Poisson-Kaehler geometry, in terms of projectivizations of holomorphic nilpotent orbits in suitable Lie algebras of hermitian type, the holomorphic nilpotent orbits, in turn, being affine varieties. The ambient projective space acquires an exotic Kaehler structure, the closed stratum being the Scorza variety and the closures of the higher strata its secant varieties. In this fashion, the secant varieties become exotic projective varieties. In the rank 3 case, the four regular Scorza varieties coincide with the four critical Severi varieties. In the standard cases, the Scorza varieties and their secant varieties arise also via Kaehler reduction. An interpretation in terms of constrained mechanical systems is included.

Abstract:
Hereby we complete the proof of integrability of the Lax systems, based on pseudo-Riemannian coset manifolds G/H^{*}, we recently presented in a previous paper [arXiv:0903.2559]. Supergravity spherically symmetric black hole solutions have been shown to correspond to geodesics in such manifolds and, in our previous paper, we presented the proof of Liouville integrability of such differential systems, their integration algorithm and we also discussed the orbit structure of their moduli space in terms of conserved hamiltonians. There is a singular cuspidal locus in this moduli space which needs a separate construction. This locus contains the orbits of Nilpotent Lax operators corresponding to extremal Black Holes. Here we intrinsically characterize such a locus in terms of the hamiltonians and we present the complete integration algorithm for the Nilpotent Lax operators. The algorithm is finite, requires no limit procedure and it is solely defined in terms of the initial data. For the SL(3;R)/SO(1,2) coset we give an exhaustive classification of all orbits, regular and singular, so providing general solutions for this case. Finally we show that our integration algorithm can be generalized to generic non-diagonalizable (in particular nilpotent) Lax matrices not necessarily associated with symmetric spaces.

Abstract:
We construct toroidal partial compactifications of the moduli spaces of mixed Hodge structures with polarized graded quotients. They are moduli spaces of log mixed Hodge structures with polarized graded quotients. We construct them as the spaces of nilpotent orbits.

Abstract:
We show that the number of nilpotent orbits in the dual of an exceptional Lie algebra is finite in bad characteristic. We determine the closure relations on the set of nilpotent orbits in the dual of classical and exceptional Lie algebras. Moreover for classical groups, we give an explicit description of the nilpotent pieces (which are unions of nilpotent orbits) in the dual defined in \cite{L4,X4}, in particular the definition of nilpotent pieces in \cite{L4,X4} coincides with the definition given by closure relations on nilpotent orbits.

Abstract:
In this paper, we begin a quantization program for nilpotent orbits of a real semisimple Lie group. These orbits and their covers generalize the symplectic vector space. A complex structure polarizing the orbit and invariant under a maximal compact subgroup is provided by the Kronheimer-Vergne Kaehler structure. We outline a geometric program for quantizing the orbit with respect to this polarization. We work out this program in detail for minimal nilpotent orbits in the non-Hermitian case. The Hilbert space of quantization consists of holomorphic half-forms on the orbit. We construct the reproducing kernel. The Lie algebra acts by explicit pseudo-differential operators on half-forms where the energy operator quantizing the Hamiltonian is inverted. The Lie algebra representation exponentiates to give a minimal unitary ladder representation. Jordan algebras play a key role in the geometry and the quantization.

Abstract:
Each of the four critical Severi varieties arises from a minimal holomorphic nilpotent orbit in a simple regular rank 3 hermitian Lie algebra and each such variety lies as singular locus in a cubic--the chordal variety--in the corresponding complex projective space; the cubic and projective space are identified in terms of holomorphic nilpotent orbits. The projective space acquires an exotic K\"ahler structure with three strata, the cubic is an example of an exotic projective variety with two strata, and the corresponding Severi variety is the closed stratum in the exotic variety as well as in the exotic projective space. In the standard cases, these varieties arise also via K\"ahler reduction. An interpretation in terms of constrained mechanical systems is included.

Abstract:
We prove that any symplectic resolution of the closure of a nilpotent orbit in a semi-simple complex Lie algebra is isomorphic to the collapsing of the cotangent bundle of a projective homogenous variety. Then we give a complete characterization of those nilpotent orbits whose closure admit a symplectic resolution.