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Anomalous domain wall velocity and Walker breakdown in hybrid systems with anisotropic exchange  [PDF]
Henrik Enoksen,Asle Sudb?,Jacob Linder
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.220401
Abstract: It has recently been proposed that spin-transfer torques in magnetic systems with anisotropic exchange can be strongly enhanced, reducing the characteristic current density with up to four orders of magnitude compared to conventional setups. Motivated by this, we analytically solve the equations of motion in a collective-coordinate framework for this type of anisotropic exchange system, to investigate the domain wall dynamics in detail. In particular, we obtain analytical expressions for the maximum attainable domain wall velocity of such a setup and also for the occurrence of Walker breakdown. Surprisingly, we find that, in contrast to the standard case with domain wall motion driven by the nonadiabatic torque, the maximum velocity obtained via the anisotropic exchange torque is completely independent of the nonadiabaticity parameter beta, in spite of the torque itself being very large for small beta. Moreover, the Walker breakdown threshold has an opposite dependence on beta in these two cases; i.e., for the anisotropic exchange torque scenario, the threshold value decreases monotonically with beta. These findings are of importance to any practical application of the proposed giant spin-transfer torque in anisotropic exchange systems.
Current induced domain wall dynamics in the presence of spin orbit torques  [PDF]
O. Boulle,L. D. Buda-Prejbeanu,E. Jué,I. M. Miron,G. Gaudin
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4860946
Abstract: Current induced domain wall (DW) motion in perpendicularly magnetized nanostripes in the presence of spin orbit torques is studied. We show using micromagnetic simulations that the direction of the current induced DW motion and the associated DW velocity depend on the relative values of the field like torque (FLT) and the Slonczewski like torques (SLT). The results are well explained by a collective coordinate model which is used to draw a phase diagram of the DW dynamics as a function of the FLT and the SLT. We show that a large increase in the DW velocity can be reached by a proper tuning of both torques.
Origin of adiabatic and non-adiabatic spin transfer torques in current-driven magnetic domain wall motion  [PDF]
Jun-ichiro Kishine,A. S. Ovchinnikov
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.134405
Abstract: A consistent theory to describe the correlated dynamics of quantum mechanical itinerant spins and semiclassical local magnetization is given. We consider the itinerant spins as quantum mechanical operators, whereas local moments are considered within classical Lagrangian formalism. By appropriately treating fluctuation space spanned by basis functions, including a zero-mode wave function, we construct coupled equations of motion for the collective coordinate of the center-of-mass motion and the localized zero-mode coordinate perpendicular to the domain wall plane. By solving them, we demonstrate that the correlated dynamics is understood through a hierarchy of two time scales: Boltzmann relaxation time when a non-adiabatic part of the spin-transfer torque appears, and Gilbert damping time when adiabatic part comes up.
The domain wall spin torque-meter  [PDF]
I. M. Miron,P. -J. Zermatten,G. Gaudin,S. Auffret,B. Rodmacq,A. Schuhl
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.137202
Abstract: We report the direct measurement of the non-adiabatic component of the spin-torque in domain walls. Our method is independent of both the pinning of the domain wall in the wire as well as of the Gilbert damping parameter. We demonstrate that the ratio between the non-adiabatic and the adiabatic components can be as high as 1, and explain this high value by the importance of the spin-flip rate to the non-adiabatic torque. Besides their fundamental significance these results open the way for applications by demonstrating a significant increase of the spin torque efficiency.
Magnetic Domain Wall Pumping by Spin Transfer Torque  [PDF]
Carl T. Boone,Ilya N. Krivorotov
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.167205
Abstract: We show that spin transfer torque from direct spin-polarized current applied parallel to a magnetic domain wall (DW) induces DW motion in a direction independent of the current polarity. This unidirectional response of the DW to spin torque enables DW pumping: long-range DW displacement driven by alternating current. Our numerical simulations reveal that DW pumping can be resonantly amplified through excitation of internal degrees of freedom of the DW by the current.
Expansion in the Width and Collective Dynamics of a Domain Wall  [PDF]
H. Arodz
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(97)00497-5
Abstract: We show that collective dynamics of a curved domain wall in a (3+1)-dimensional relativistic scalar field model is represented by Nambu-Goto membrane and (2+1)-dimensional scalar fields defined on the worldsheet of the membrane. Our argument is based on a recently proposed by us version of the expansion in the width. Derivation of the expansion is significantly reformulated for the present purpose. Third and fourth order corrections to the domain wall solution are considered. We also derive an equation of motion for the core of the domain wall. Without the (2+1)-dimensional scalar fields this equation would be nonlocal.
Theory of spin accumulation and spin transfer torque in a magnetic domain wall  [PDF]
Tomohiro Taniguchi,Jun Sato,Hiroshi Imamura
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.212410
Abstract: We study spin accumulation and spin transfer torque in a domain wall by solving the Boltzmann equation with a diffusion approximation. We obtained the analytical expressions of spin accumulation and spin transfer torque. Both the adiabatic and the non-adiabatic components of the spin transfer torque oscillate with the thickness of the domain wall. We show that the oscillation plays a dominant role in the non-adiabatic torque when the domain wall thickness is less than the spin-flip length, which is defined by the product of the Fermi velocity and the spin-flip scattering time.
Effect of nonadiabatic spin transfer torque on domain wall resonance frequency and mass  [PDF]
Mahdi Jamali,Kyung-Jin Lee,Hyunsoo Yang
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1063/1.3560305
Abstract: The dynamics of a magnetic domain wall in a semi circular nanowire loop is studied by an analytical model and micromagnetic simulations. We find a damped sinusoidal oscillation of the domain wall for small displacement angles around its equilibrium position under an external magnetic field in the absence of currents. By studying the effect of current induced nonadiabatic spin transfer torque on the magnetic domain wall resonance frequency and mass, a red shift is found in the resonance frequency and domain wall mass increases by increasing the ratio of nonadiabatic spin torque to adiabatic contribution above 1.
Optical spin transfer torque driven domain wall motion in ferromagnetic semiconductor  [PDF]
A. J. Ramsay,P. E. Roy,J. A. Haigh,R. M. Otxoa,A. C. Irvine,T. Janda,R. P. Campion,B. L. Gallagher,J. Wunderlich
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.067202
Abstract: We demonstrate optical manipulation of the position of a domain wall in a dilute magnetic semiconductor, GaMnAsP. Two main contributions are identified. Firstly, photocarrier spin exerts a spin transfer torque on the magnetization via the exchange interaction. The direction of the domain wall motion can be controlled using the helicity of the laser. Secondly, the domain wall is attracted to the hot-spot generated by the focused laser. Unlike magnetic field driven domain wall depinning, these mechanisms directly drive domain wall motion, providing an optical tweezer like ability to position and locally probe domain walls.
Universality of thermally assisted magnetic domain wall motion under spin torque  [PDF]
Gen Tatara,Nicolas Vernier,Jacques Ferre
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1063/1.1951058
Abstract: Thermally assisted motion of magnetic domain wall under spin torque is studied theoretically. It is shown that the wall velocity $v$ depends exponentially on the spin current, $\Is$, below the threshold value, in the same way as in a thermally activated motion driven by a force. A novel property of the spin torque driven case at low temperature is that the linear term in spin current is universal, i.e., $\ln v \sim \frac{\pi\hbar}{2e}(\Is/\kB T)$. This behavior, which is independent of pinning and material constants, could be used to confirm experimentally the spin torque as the driving mechanism.
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