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Heavy neutrinos in particle physics and cosmology  [PDF]
Marco Drewes
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Neutrinos are the only particles in the Standard Model of particle physics that have only been observed with left handed chirality to date. If right handed neutrinos exist, they would not only explain the observed neutrino oscillations, but could also be responsible for several phenomena in cosmology, including the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter and dark radiation. A crucial parameter in this context is their Majorana mass, which in principle could lie anywhere between the eV scale and GUT scale. The implications for experiments and cosmology strongly depend on the choice of the mass scale. We review recent progress in the phenomenology of right handed neutrinos with different masses, focusing on scenarios in which the mass is at least a keV. We emphasise the possibility to discover heavy neutrinos that are responsible for the baryon asymmetry of the universe via low scale leptogenesis in near future experiments, such as LHC, BELLE II, SHiP, FCC-ee or CEPC.
The Phenomenology of Right Handed Neutrinos  [PDF]
Marco Drewes
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1142/S0218301313300191
Abstract: Neutrinos are the only particles in the Standard Model of particle physics that have only been observed with left handed chirality to date. If right handed neutrinos exist, they could be responsible for several phenomena that have no explanation within the Standard Model, including neutrino oscillations, the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter and dark radiation. After a pedagogical introduction, we review recent progress in the phenomenology of right handed neutrinos. We in particular discuss the mass ranges suggested by hints for neutrino oscillation anomalies and dark radiation (eV), sterile neutrino dark matter scenarios (keV) and experimentally testable theories of baryogenesis (GeV to TeV). We summarize constraints from theoretical considerations, laboratory experiments, astrophysics and cosmology for each of these.
Right-Handed Neutrinos as the Origin of the Electroweak Scale  [PDF]
Hooman Davoudiasl,Ian M. Lewis
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.033003
Abstract: The insular nature of the Standard Model may be explained if the Higgs mass parameter is only sensitive to quantum corrections from physical states. Starting from a scale-free electroweak sector at tree-level, we postulate that quantum effects of heavy right-handed neutrinos induce a mass term for a scalar weak doublet that contains the dark matter particle. In turn, below the scale of heavy neutrinos, the dark matter sector sets the scale of the Higgs potential. We show that this framework can lead to a Higgs mass that respects physical naturalness, while also providing a viable scalar dark matter candidate, realistic light neutrino masses, and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe via leptogenesis. The proposed scenario can remain perturbative and stable up to the Planck scale, thereby accommodating simple extensions to include a high scale (2\times 10^{16} GeV) inflationary sector, implied by recent measurements. In that case, our model typically predicts that the dark matter scalar is close to 1 TeV in mass and could be accessible in near future direct detection experiments.
The Seesaw with Many Right-Handed Neutrinos
Ellis, John;Lebedev, Oleg
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2007.08.031
Abstract: There are no upper limits on the possible number of massive, singlet (right--handed) neutrinos that may participate in the seesaw mechanism, and some string constructions motivate seesaw models with up to O(100) right--handed neutrinos. In this case, the seesaw mass scale can be significantly higher than that in the traditional scheme with just 3 right--handed neutrinos. We consider the possible phenomenological implications of such models, in particular, for lepton-flavour violation and electric dipole moments. Since the neutrino masses depend on the Majorana mass scale linearly, while supersymmetric loop corrections depend on it logarithmically, the magnitude of lepton-flavour- and CP-violating transitions may increase with the multiplicity of the right--handed neutrinos and may be enhanced by orders of magnitude. We also point out that, in the context of leptogensis, the bounds on the reheating temperature and the lightest neutrino mass get relaxed compared to those in the case of 3 right--handed neutrinos.
Right-handed Neutrinos as Superheavy Dark Matter  [PDF]
Yosuke Uehara
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2001/12/034
Abstract: We propose that right-handed neutrinos are very long-lived dark matter. The long lifetime is realized by the separation of the wavefunction of right-handed neutrinos and that of other fermions in an extra dimension. Such long-lived and superheavy dark matter can naturally explain observed ultra high energy cosmic rays above the GZK cutoff (5 * 10^{19} eV) and huge amounts of cold dark matter simultaneously. Furthermore, the exponentially suppressed Yukawa couplings of right-handed neutrinos leads to the high predictablilty on the mass parameter of the neutrinoless double beta decay, as all the models which predict very small neutrino mass of one generation.
Signatures of Leptoquarks at the LHC and Right-handed Neutrinos  [PDF]
Jason L. Evans,Natsumi Nagata
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.015022
Abstract: In this paper, we argue that an extension of the Standard Model with a single leptoquark and three right-handed neutrinos can explain the excess in the first-generation leptoquark search at the LHC. We also find that when the leptoquark has similarly sized couplings to all three generations, it produces additional signals which will soon be tested in the second- and third-generation leptoquark searches, as well as in decay channels consisting of two mixed flavor leptons and two jets. If the leptoquark only couples to the first generation, on the other hand, two of the right-handed neutrinos need to be fairly degenerate in mass with the leptoquark while the other right-handed neutrinos mass should be much lighter. This hierarchical structure could explain dark matter and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. These simple models may be regarded as benchmark models for explaining the excess, which can be tested in the next stage of the LHC running.
Decoupling of Massive Right-handed Neutrinos  [PDF]
Paramita Adhya,D. Rai Chaudhuri
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.61.033002
Abstract: We investigate the effect of B+L - violating anomalous generation of massive right-handed neutrinos on their decoupling, when the right-handed neutrino mass is considerably greater than the right-handed gauge boson masses. Considering normal annihilation channels, the Lee-Weinberg type of calculation, in this case, gives an upper bound of about 700 Gev, which casts doubt on the existence of such a right-handed neutrino mass greater than right-handed gauge boson masses. We examine the possibility that a consideration of anomalous effects related to the SU(2)_R gauge group may turn this into a lower bound of the order of 100 Tev.
Sterile neutrinos and right-handed currents in KATRIN  [PDF]
James Barry,Julian Heeck,Werner Rodejohann
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2014)081
Abstract: Kurie-plot experiments allow for neutrino-mass measurements based on kinematics in an almost model-independent manner. A future tritium-based KATRIN-like experiment can be sensitive to light sterile neutrinos with masses below 18 keV, which are among the prime candidates for warm dark matter. Here we consider such keV neutrinos in left--right symmetric extensions, i.e. coupled to right-handed currents, which allow for an enhanced contribution to beta decay even for small active--sterile mixing, without violating astrophysical X-ray constraints. The modified spectral shape is in principle distinguishable from the standard contribution---especially for sterile neutrino masses below 9 keV, which can lead to a distinct peak. We compare the sensitivity to constraints from the LHC and neutrinoless double beta decay.
Focus Point Assisted by Right-Handed Neutrinos  [PDF]
Masaki Asano,Takeo Moroi,Ryosuke Sato,Tsutomu T. Yanagida
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2012.01.030
Abstract: The large hadron collider experiments have now reached the focus point region in which the scalar masses are multi-TeV. We study the parameter region of the focus point scenario which may realize a natural electroweak symmetry breaking avoiding serious fine tuning. We show that the region with a mild tuning of 3-5 % level is expanded by introducing right-handed neutrinos in the framework of the seesaw scenario. We discuss the prediction of the Higgs mass, bounds on the squark and gluino masses, and the relic density of the lightest neutralino in such a parameter region.
The 331 model with right-handed neutrinos  [PDF]
Hoang Ngoc Long
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.53.437
Abstract: We explore some more consequences of the $SU(3)_L\otimes U(1)_N$ electroweak model with right-handed neutrinos. By introducing the $Z - Z'$ mixing angle $\phi$, the {\it exact} physical eigenstates for neutral gauge bosons are obtained. Because of the mixing, there is a modification to the $Z^1$ coupling proportional to $\sin\phi$. The data from the $Z$-decay allows us to fix the limit for $\phi$ as $-0.0021 \leq \phi \leq 0.000132$. >From the neutrino neutral current scatterings, we estimate a bound for the new neutral gauge boson $Z^2$ mass in the range 300 GeV, and from symmetry-breaking hierarchy a bound for the new charged and neutral (non-Hermitian) gauge bosons $Y^{\pm}, X^o$ are obtained.
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