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Event geometrical anisotropy and fluctuation viewed by HBT interferometry  [PDF]
Takafumi Niida
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Azimuthal angle dependence of the pion source radii was measured applying the event shape selection at the PHENIX experiment. The measured final source eccentricity is found to be enhanced when selecting events with higher magnitude of the second-order flow vector, as well as the elliptic flow coefficient $v_{2}$. The spatial twist of the particle-emitting source was also explored using a transport model. Results indicate a possible twisted source in the final state due to the initial longitudinal fluctuations.
Effects of partial thermalization on HBT interferometry  [PDF]
Clément Gombeaud,Tuomas Lappi,Jean-Yves Ollitrault
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.075
Abstract: Hydrodynamical models have generally failed to describe interferometry radii measured at RHIC. In order to investigate this ``HBT puzzle'', we carry out a systematic study of HBT radii in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions within a two-dimensional transport model. We compute the transverse radii $R_o$ and $R_s$ as functions of $p_t$ for various values of the Knudsen number, which measures the degree of thermalization in the system. For realistic values of the Knudsen number estimated from $v_2$ data, we obtain $R_o/R_s \simeq 1.2$, much closer to data than standard hydrodynamical results. Femtoscopic observables vary little with the degree of thermalization. Azimuthal oscillations of the radii in non central collisions do not provide a good probe of thermalization.
Physics from HBT radii
Zalewski, K.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007,
Abstract: An approximate formula connecting the true and the HBT homogeneity regions in multiparticle production processes is derived. It implies that when calculating the HBT radii one should use the ceter of mass systems of the pairs rather than the now popular LCMS system. A discussion of several examples clarifies the potential and limitations of the HBT method. The even cumulants of the X-distribution, inculding the HBT radii, can be determined for each homogeneity region, but the relative positions of the homogeneity regions are unconstrained. This makes the HBT radii of little use for calculating quantities dependent on the interparticle interactions in coordinate space.
Resonance contributions to HBT correlation radii  [PDF]
Urs Achim Wiedemann,Ulrich Heinz
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.56.3265
Abstract: We study the effect of resonance decays on intensity interferometry for heavy ion collisions. Collective expansion of the source leads to a dependence of the two-particle correlation function on the pair momentum K. This opens the possibility to reconstruct the dynamics of the source from the K-dependence of the measured HBT radii. Here we address the question to what extent resonance decays can fake such a flow signal. Within a simple parametrization for the emission function we present a comprehensive analysis of the interplay of flow and resonance decays on the one- and two-particle spectra. We discuss in detail the non-Gaussian features of the correlation function introduced by long-lived resonances and the resulting problems in extracting meaningful HBT radii. We propose to define them in terms of the second order q-moments of the correlator C(q, K). We show that this yields a more reliable characterisation of the correlator in terms of its width and the correlation strength `lambda' than other commonly used fit procedures. The normalized fourth-order q-moments (kurtosis) provide a quantitative measure for the non-Gaussian features of the correlator. At least for the class of models studied here, the kurtosis helps separating effects from expansion flow and resonance decays, and provides the cleanest signal to distinguish between scenarios with and without transverse flow.
HBT interferometry with quantum transport of the interfering pair  [PDF]
Li-Li Yu,Wei-Ning Zhang,Cheuk-Yin Wong
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.014908
Abstract: In the late stage of the evolution of a pion system in high-energy heavy-ion collisions when pions undergo multiple scatterings, the quantum transport of the interfering pair of identical pions plays an important role in determining the characteristics of the Hanbury-Brown-Twiss (HBT) interference. We study the quantum transport of the interfering pair using the path-integral method, in which the evolution of the bulk matter is described by relativistic hydrodynamics while the paths of the two interfering pions by test particles following the fluid positions and velocity fields. We investigate in addition the effects of secondary pion sources from particle decays, for nuclear collisions at AGS and RHIC energies. We find that quantum transport of the interfering pair leads to HBT radii close to those for the chemical freeze-out configuration. Particle decays however lead to HBT radii greater than those for the chemical freeze-out configuration. As a consequence, the combined effects give rise to HBT radii between those extracted from the chemical freeze-out configuration and the thermal freeze-out configuration. Proper quantum treatments of the interfering pairs in HBT calculations at the pion multiple scattering stage are important for our understanding of the characteristics of HBT interferometry in heavy-ion collisions.
Scaling quark gluon plasma by HBT interferometry with lepton pairs  [PDF]
Payal Mohanty,Jan-e Alam
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: We study the intensity interferometry with lepton pairs for nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. It is argued that the invariant mass dependence of HBT radii extracted from the correlation functions of dilepton pairs can be used as an efficient tool to scale the size and life time of the quark gluon plasma expected to be formed in nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC. Quantitatively different magnitudes of HBT radii are obtained at RHIC and LHC indicating stronger radial flow at LHC.
HBT interferometry: historical perspective
Padula, Sandra S.;
Brazilian Journal of Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-97332005000100005
Abstract: i review the history of hbt interferometry, since its discovery in the mid 1950's, up to the recent developments and results from bnl/rhic experiments. i focus the discussion on the contributions to the subject given by members of our brazilian group.
HBT Interferometry: Historical Perspective  [PDF]
Sandra S. Padula
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-97332005000100005
Abstract: I review the history of HBT interferometry, since its discovery in the mid 1950's, up to the recent developments and results from BNL/RHIC experiments. I focus the discussion on the contributions to the subject given by members of our Brazilian group.
Identified particle production, azimuthal anisotropy, and interferometry measurements in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 9.2 GeV  [PDF]
STAR Collaboration,B. I. Abelev
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.81.024911
Abstract: We present the first measurements of identified hadron production, azimuthal anisotropy, and pion interferometry from Au+Au collisions below the nominal injection energy at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) facility. The data were collected using the large acceptance STAR detector at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 9.2 GeV from a test run of the collider in the year 2008. Midrapidity results on multiplicity density (dN/dy) in rapidity (y), average transverse momentum (), particle ratios, elliptic flow, and HBT radii are consistent with the corresponding results at similar $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ from fixed target experiments. Directed flow measurements are presented for both midrapidity and forward rapidity regions. Furthermore the collision centrality dependence of identified particle dN/dy, , and particle ratios are discussed. These results also demonstrate the readiness of the STAR detector to undertake the proposed QCD critical point search and the exploration of the QCD phase diagram at RHIC.
HBT Interferometry for Sonoluminescence Bubble  [PDF]
Y. Hama,T. Kodama,Sandra S. Padula
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.56.2233
Abstract: The two-photon correlation of the light pulse emitted from a sonoluminescence bubble is discussed. It is shown that several important information about the mechanism of light emission, such as the time-scale and the shape of the emission region could be obtained from the HBT interferometry. We also argue that such a measurement may serve to reject one of the two currently suggested emission mechanisms, i.e., thermal process versus dynamical Casimir effect.
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