Abstract:
For the three-dimensional cubic model, the nonlinear susceptibilities of the fourth, sixth, and eighth orders are analyzed and the parameters \delta^(i) characterizing their reduced anisotropy are evaluated at the cubic fixed point. In the course of this study, the renormalized sextic coupling constants entering the small-field equation of state are calculated in the four-loop approximation and the universal values of these couplings are estimated by means of the Pade-Borel-Leroy resummation of the series obtained. The anisotropy parameters are found to be: \delta^(4) = 0.054 +/- 0.012, \delta^(6) = 0.102 +/- 0.02, and \delta^(8) = 0.144 +/- 0.04, indicating that the anisotropic (cubic) critical behavior predicted by the advanced higher-order renormalization-group analysis should be, in principle, visible in physical and computer experiments.

Abstract:
Recent developments in the numerical renormalization group (NRG) allow the construction of the full density matrix (FDM) of quantum impurity models (see A. Weichselbaum and J. von Delft) by using the completeness of the eliminated states introduced by F. B. Anders and A. Schiller (2005). While these developments prove particularly useful in the calculation of transient response and finite temperature Green's functions of quantum impurity models, they may also be used to calculate thermodynamic properties. In this paper, we assess the FDM approach to thermodynamic properties by applying it to the Anderson impurity model. We compare the results for the susceptibility and specific heat to both the conventional approach within NRG and to exact Bethe ansatz results. We also point out a subtlety in the calculation of the susceptibility (in a uniform field) within the FDM approach. Finally, we show numerically that for the Anderson model, the susceptibilities in response to a local and a uniform magnetic field coincide in the wide-band limit, in accordance with the Clogston-Anderson compensation theorem.

Abstract:
The diffusion-controlled reaction $kA\rightarrow\emptyset$ is known to be strongly dependent on fluctuations in dimensions $d\le d_c=2/(k-1)$. We develop a field theoretic renormalization group approach to this system which allows explicit calculation of the observables as expansions in $\epsilon^{1/(k-1)}$, where $\epsilon=d_c-d$. For the density it is found that, asymptotically, $n\sim A_k t^{-d/2}$. The decay exponent is exact to all orders in $\epsilon$, and the amplitude $A_k$ is universal, and is calculated to second order in $\epsilon^{1/(k-1)}$ for $k=2,3$. The correlation function is calculated to first order, along with a long wavelength expansion for the second order term. For $d=d_c$ we find $n \sim A_k (\ln t/t)^{1/(k-1)}$ with an exact expression for $A_k$. The formalism can be immediately generalized to the reaction $kA\rightarrow\ell A$, $\ell < k$, with the consequence that the density exponent is the same, but the amplitude is modified.

Abstract:
We present the first numerical application of a method that we have recently proposed to solve the Non Perturbative Renormalization Group equations and obtain the n-point functions for arbitrary external momenta. This method leads to flow equations for the n-point functions which are also differential equations with respect to a constant background field. This makes them, a priori, difficult to solve. However, we demonstrate in this paper that, within a simple approximation which turns out to be quite accurate, the solution of these flow equations is not more complicated than that of the flow equations obtained in the derivative expansion. Thus, with a numerical effort comparable to that involved in the derivative expansion, we can get the full momentum dependence of the n-point functions. The method is applied, in its leading order, to the calculation of the self-energy in a 3-dimensional scalar field theory, at criticality. Accurate results are obtained over the entire range of momenta.

Abstract:
The two-loop renormalization group (RG) calculation is considerably extended here for the two-dimensional (2D) fermionic effective field theory model, which includes only the so-called "hot spots" that are connected by the spin-density-wave (SDW) ordering wavevector on a Fermi surface generated by the 2D $t-t'$ Hubbard model at low hole doping. We compute the Callan-Symanzik RG equation up to two loops describing the flow of the single-particle Green's function, the corresponding spectral function, the Fermi velocity, and some of the most important order-parameter susceptibilities in the model at lower energies. As a result, we establish that -- in addition to clearly dominant SDW correlations -- an approximate (pseudospin) symmetry relating a short-range \emph{incommensurate} $d$-wave charge order to the $d$-wave superconducting order indeed emerges at lower energy scales, which is in agreement with recent works available in the literature addressing the 2D spin-fermion model. We derive implications of this possible electronic phase in the ongoing attempt to describe the phenomenology of the pseudogap regime in underdoped cuprates.

Abstract:
Salmhofer [Commun. Math. Phys. 194, 249 (1998)] has recently developed a new renormalization group method for interacting Fermi systems, where the complete flow from the bare action of a microscopic model to the effective low-energy action, as a function of a continuously decreasing infrared cutoff, is given by a differential flow equation which is local in the flow parameter. We apply this approach to the repulsive two-dimensional Hubbard model with nearest and next-nearest neighbor hopping amplitudes. The flow equation for the effective interaction is evaluated numerically on 1-loop level. The effective interactions diverge at a finite energy scale which is exponentially small for small bare interactions. To analyze the nature of the instabilities signalled by the diverging interactions we extend Salmhofers renormalization group for the calculation of susceptibilities. We compute the singlet superconducting susceptibilities for various pairing symmetries and also charge and spin density susceptibilities. Depending on the choice of the model parameters (hopping amplitudes, interaction strength and band-filling) we find commensurate and incommensurate antiferromagnetic instabilities or d-wave superconductivity as leading instability. We present the resulting phase diagram in the vicinity of half-filling and also results for the density dependence of the critical energy scale.

Abstract:
The observable Universe is described by a collection of equal mass galaxies linked into a common unit by their mutual gravitational interaction. The partition function of this system is cast in terms of Ising model spin variables and maps exactly onto a three-dimensional stochastic scalar classical field theory. The full machinery of the renormalization group and critical phenomena is brought to bear on this field theory allowing one to calculate the galaxy-galaxy correlation function, whose critical exponent is predicted to be between 1.530 to 1.862, compared to the phenomenological value of 1.6 to 1.8

Abstract:
We investigate the boundary effect of the density matrix renormalization group calculation (DMRG), which is an artifactual induction of symmetry-breaking pseudo-long-range order and takes place when the long-range quantum fluctuation cannot be properly included in the variational wave function due to numerical limitation. The open boundary condition often used in DMRG suffers from the boundary effect the most severely, which is directly reflected in the distinct spatial modulations of the local physical quantity. By contrast, the other boundary conditions such as the periodic one or the sin^2-deformed interaction [A. Gendiar, R. Krcmar, and T. Nishino, Prog. Theor. Phys. {\bf 122}, 953 (2009)] keep spatial homogeneity, and are relatively free from the boundary effect. By comparing the numerical results of those various boundary conditions, we show that the open boundary condition sometimes gives unreliable results even after the finite-size scaling. We conclude that the examination of the boundary condition dependence is required besides the usual treatment based on the system size or accuracy dependence in cases where the long-range quantum fluctuation is important.

Abstract:
We start by discussing some theoretical issues of renormalization group transformations and Monte Carlo renormalization group technique. A method to compute the anomalous dimension is proposed and investigated. As an application, we find excellent values for critical exponents in $\lambda \phi^4_3$. Some technical questions regarding the hybrid algorithm and strong coupling expansions, used to compute the critical couplings of the canonical surface, are also briefly discussed.

Abstract:
Electron group velocity for graphene under uniform strain is obtained analitically by using the Tight-Binding approx- imation. Such closed analytical expressions are useful in order to calculate electronic, thermal and optical properties of strained graphene. These results allow to understand the behavior of electrons when graphene is subjected to strong strain and nonlinear corrections, for which the usual Dirac approach is not longer valid. Some particular cases of uni- axial and shear strain were analized. The evolution of the electron group velocity indicates a break up of the trigonal warping symmetry, which is replaced by a warping consistent with the symmetry of the strained reciprocal lattice. The Fermi velocity becomes strongly anisotropic, i.e, for a strong pure shear-strain (20% of the lattice parameter), the two inequivalent Dirac cones merge and the Fermi velocity is zero in one of the principal axis of deformation. We found that non-linear terms are essential to describe the effects of deformation for electrons near or at the Fermi energy.