Abstract:
We investigate the drag force on a moving impurity in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate. We prove rigorously that the superfluid critical velocity is zero when the impurity moves in all but one directions, in contrast to the case of liquid helium and superconductor where it is finite in all directions. We also find that when the impurity moves in all directions except two special ones, the drag force has nonzero transverse component at small velocity. When the velocity becomes large and the states of the upper band are also excited, the transverse force becomes very small due to opposite contributions of the two bands. The characteristics of the superfluid critical velocity and the transverse force are results of the order by disorder mechanism in spin-orbit coupled boson systems.

Abstract:
Formation of stationary 3D wave patterns generated by a small point-like impurity moving through a Bose-Einstein condensate with supersonic velocity is studied. Asymptotic formulae for a stationary far-field density distribution are obtained. Comparison with three-dimensional numerical simulations demonstrates that these formulae are accurate enough already at distances from the obstacle equal to a few wavelengths.

Abstract:
In this paper we considered a quantum particle moving through delute Bose-Einstein condensate at zero temperature. In our formulation the impurity particle interacts with the gas of uncoupled Bogoliubov's excitations. We constructed the perturbation theory for the Green's function of the impurity particle with respect to the impurity-condensate interaction employing the coherent-state path integral approach. The perturbative expansion for the Green's function is resumed into the expansion for its poles with the help of the diagrammatic technique developed in this work. The dispersion relation for the impurity clothed by condensate excitations is obtained and effective mass is evaluated beyond the Golden rule approximation.

Abstract:
We calculate a force due to zero-temperature quantum fluctuations on a stationary object in a moving superfluid flow. We model the object by a localized potential varying only in the flow direction and model the flow by a three-dimensional weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensate at zero temperature. We show that this force exists for any arbitrarily small flow velocity and discuss the implications for the stability of superfluid flow.

Abstract:
The existence of frictionless flow below a critical velocity for obstacles moving in a superfluid is well established in the context of the mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii theory. We calculate the next order correction due to quantum and thermal fluctuations and find a non-zero force acting on a delta-function impurity moving through a quasi-one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate at all subcritical velocities and at all temperatures. The force occurs due to an imbalance in the Doppler shifts of reflected quantum fluctuations from either side of the impurity. Our calculation is based on a consistent extension of Bogoliubov theory to second order in the interaction strength, and finds new analytical solutions to the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations for a gray soliton. Our results raise questions regarding the quantum dynamics in the formation of persistent currents in superfluids.

Abstract:
We investigate a phenomenon of creation of excitations in the homogenous Bose-Einstein condensate due to an impurity moving with a constant velocity. A simple model is considered to take into account dynamical effects due to motions of the impurity. Based on this model, we show that there can be a finite amount of excitations created even if velocity of the impurity is below Landau's critical velocity. We also show that the total number of excitations scales differently for large time across the speed of sound. Thus, our result dictates the critical behavior across Landau's one and validates Landau's institution to the problem. We discuss how Landau's critical velocity emerges and its validity within our model.

Abstract:
In a cigar shaped Bose-Einstein condensate, explicit solutions of the coupled mean-field equations, describing defect-grey soliton dynamics are obtained, demonstrating the coexistence of grey soliton and a localized defect. Unlike the case of dark soliton, where the defect trapping center has vanishing superfluid density, the moving grey soliton necessarily possesses a finite superfluid component at the defect location. The wave vector of the impurity is controlled by the velocity of the grey soliton, which has an upper bound. It is found that the presence of the impurity lowers the speed of the grey soliton, as compared to the defect free case, where it can reach the sound velocity. The grey soliton's energy gets substantially modified through its interaction with the defect, opening up the possibility of its control through defect dynamics.

Abstract:
We consider the motion of a point-like impurity through a three-dimensional two-component Bose-Einstein condensate subject to Weyl spin-orbit coupling. Using linear-response theory, we calculate the drag force felt by the impurity and the associated anisotropic critical velocity from the spectrum of elementary excitations. The drag force is shown to be generally not collinear with the velocity of the impurity. This unusual behavior is a consequence of condensation into a finite-momentum state due to the spin-orbit coupling.

Abstract:
We estimate the changes in the condensate ground state energy induced by one or more "sizable" impurities. By "sizable", we mean an impurity whose size is within a few orders of magnitude of the trap size and not necessarily atomic in scale. A sizable impurity will "drill" a hole in the condensate wave function and alter the condensate energy. The question is whether this microscopic change can be detected macroscopically because of the Bose-Einstein condensation effect. We discuss the effect of impurity expulsion, condensate interactions, and the induced interaction between two impurities.

Abstract:
We study the process of scattering of two impurity atoms accompanied by generation of an elementary excitation in a surrounding Bose--Einstein condensate. This process, unlike the phonon generation by a {\it single} impurity atom, has no velocity threshold and can be regarded as a quantum acoustic analog of a bremsstrahlung in quantum electrodynamics.