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Phenomenology of single spin asymmetries in p(transv. polarized)-p -> pion + X  [PDF]
Mauro Anselmino,Maria Boglione,Francesco Murgia
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.60.054027
Abstract: A phenomenological description of single transverse spin effects in hadron-hadron inclusive processes is proposed, assuming a generalized factorization scheme and pQCD hard interactions. The transverse momentum, k_T, of the quarks inside the hadrons and of the hadrons relatively to the fragmenting quark, is taken into account in distribution and fragmentation functions, and leads to possible non zero single spin asymmetries. The role of k_T and spin dependent quark fragmentations -- the so-called Collins effect -- is investigated in details in p(transv. polarized)-p -> pion + X processes: it is shown how the experimental data could be described, obtaining an explicit expression for the spin asymmetry of a polarized fragmenting quark, on which some comments are made. Predictions for other processes, possible further applications and experimental tests are discussed.
Single transverse spin asymmetries in inclusive hadron production  [PDF]
M. Anselmino,M. Boglione,F. Murgia
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(99)00805-1
Abstract: A consistent phenomenological approach to the computation of transverse single spin asymmetries in inclusive hadron production is presented, based on the assumed generalization of the QCD factorization theorem to the case in which quark intrinsic motion is taken into account. New k_T and spin dependent quark distribution and fragmentation functions are considered: some of them are fixed by fitting data on p(transv. polarized) + p -> pion + X and predictions are given for single spin asymmetries in l + p(transv. polarized) -> pion + X and gamma^* + p(transv. polarized) -> pion + X processes.
The Sivers effect and the Single Spin Asymmetry A_N in p(transv. pol.) p --> h X processes
Anselmino, M.;Boglione, M.;D'Alesio, U.;Melis, S.;Murgia, F.;Prokudin, A.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: The single spin asymmetry A_N, for large P_T single inclusive particle production in p(transv. pol.) p collisions, is considered within a generalised parton model and a transverse momentum dependent factorisation scheme. The focus is on the Sivers effect and the study of its potential contribution to A_N, based on a careful analysis of the Sivers functions extracted from azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes. It is found that such Sivers functions could explain most features of the A_N data, including some recent STAR results which show the persistence of a non zero A_N up to surprisingly large P_T values.
Double Longitudinal Spin Asymmetries of Inclusive Charged Pion Production in Polarized p+p Collisions at 200 GeV  [PDF]
Adam Kocoloski
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1063/1.2750795
Abstract: A primary goal of the STAR Spin program at RHIC is the measurement of the polarized gluon distribution function $\Delta G$, which can be obtained from a global analysis incorporating measurements of the double spin asymmetry A_{LL} in various final state channels of polarized p+p collisions. Final states with large production cross sections such as inclusive jet and hadron production are analyzed as the program moves towards the measurement of A_{LL} in the theoretically clean channel of prompt photon production. The channels p+p -> pi^{+/-} + X are unique in that the ordering of the measurements of A_{LL} in these two channels is sensitive to the sign of Delta G. Moreover, STAR has already established the procedure for the identification of charged pions and the calculation of their production cross-sections over a broad kinematic range. This contribution will present first measurements of double longitudinal spin asymmetries for inclusive charged pion production extracted from 3 pb^{-1} of data at sqrt{s}=200 GeV and 50% beam polarizations. The asymmetries are calculated over the transverse momentum region 2
Spin effects in the fragmentation of a transversely polarized quark  [PDF]
M. Anselmino,F. Murgia
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(00)00519-0
Abstract: An azimuthal dependence of pions produced in polarized Deep Inelastic Scattering, gamma^* - p(transv. polarized) -> pion + X, has been recently observed and might be related to the so-called Collins effect. We discuss in details, for a general spin configuration of the nucleon, the kinematics of the process and methods of extracting information on the fragmentation properties of a polarized quark. Assuming that the observed azimuthal dependence is indeed due to Collins effect, we derive a lower bound estimate for the size of the quark analysing power, which turns out to be large.
On asymmetry in inclusive pion production  [PDF]
S. M. Troshin,N. E. Tyurin
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.54.838
Abstract: On the basis of the mechanism proposed for one-spin asymmetries in inclusive hadron production we specify an $x$--dependence of asymmetries in inclusive processes of pion production. The main role in generation of this asymmetry belongs to the orbital angular momentum ofquark-antiquark cloud in internal structure of constituent quarks. The $x$--dependence of asymmetries in the charged pion production at large $x$ reflects the corresponding dependence of constituent quark polarization in the polarized proton.
Accessing the Sign and Magnitude of $Δ$G via high $p_{T}$, $A_{LL}^{π^{\pm}}$ in Polarized p+p Collisions at PHENIX  [PDF]
Astrid Morreale
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1063/1.3215659
Abstract: The double-helicity asymmetries ($A_{LL}$) of $\pi^{+}$ and $\pi^{-}$ production in polarized proton proton collisions are specially interesting probes of the gluon's polarization. Relative differences among $A_{LL}$ of positive, neutral, and negative pions at high transverse momentum are sensitive to the sign and of magnitude of $\Delta$G. Quark-gluon (qg) scattering starts to dominate mid-rapidity pion production at RHIC at transverse momenta above 5GeV/c. In this kinematic region the favored and unfavored fragmentation functions for each pion species are sensitive to both the gluon and the quark distributions, with different flavors having different weights for each pion species. Charged pion asymmetry measurements will be an important component in future global analyses, aiming to determine the gluon polarization over a wide range in x, the most recent results using polarized longitudinal data at $\sqrt{s}=$200GeV, are presented.
Single spin asymmetries in transversely polarized proton(antiproton) - proton inclusive processes  [PDF]
Mauro Anselmino,Francesco Murgia
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01267-2
Abstract: We consider several single spin asymmetries in inclusive, transversely polarized proton(antiproton) - proton processes as higher twist QCD contributions, taking into account spin and intrinsic transverse momentum effects in the quark distribution functions. This approach has been previously applied to the description of the single spin asymmetries observed in transversely polarized proton - proton -> pion + X reactions and all its parameters fixed: we give here predictions for new processes, which agree with experiments for which data are available, and suggest further possible measurements.
Single Transverse Spin Asymmetries of Identified Charged Hadrons in Polarized p+p Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 62.4 GeV  [PDF]
BRAHMS Collaboration,I. Arsene
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.042001
Abstract: The first measurements of $x_F$-dependent single spin asymmetries of identified charged hadrons, $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, and protons, from transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at 62.4 GeV at RHIC are presented. The measurements extend to high-$x_F$ ($|x_F|\sim 0.6$) in both the forward and backward directions.Large asymmetries are seen in the pion and kaon channels. The asymmetries in inclusive $\pi^{+}$ production, $A_N(\pi^+)$, increase with $x_F$ from 0 to $\sim$0.25 %at $x_F = 0.6$ and $A_N(\pi^{-})$ decrease from 0 to $\sim$$-$0.4. Even though $K^-$ contains no valence quarks, observed asymmetries for $K^-$ unexpectedly show positive values similar to those for $K^+$, increasing with $x_F$, whereas proton asymmetries are consistent with zero over the measured kinematic range. Comparisons of the data with predictions of QCD-based models are presented. The flavor dependent single spin asymmetry measurements of identified hadrons allow for stringent tests of theoretical models of partonic dynamics in the RHIC energy regime.
Transverse Single Spin Asymmetries and Cross-Sections for Forward pi0 and eta Mesons at Large Feynman-x in sqrt(s)=200 GeV polarized p+p Collisions at STAR  [PDF]
Len K. Eun
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The STAR collaboration has previously reported a large transverse single spin asymmetry, A_N, for forward pi0 meson production. The cross-section in this region was measured up to Feynman-x (xF) of 0.55, and found to be consistent with perturbative Quantum Chromo-Dynamics predictions. During RHIC running in the year 2006 (6.8 inverse-pb, 56 % average polarization), an even larger A_N was observed for the eta meson at forward rapidity for xF > 0.5. All data were collected by the STAR Forward Pion Detector during sqrt(s) = 200 GeV polarized p+p collisions at RHIC. Understanding these large spin asymmetries requires information on the production cross-section. In this thesis, we present the results of the cross-section as well as the A_N measurements for both pi0 and eta mesons at average pseudo-rapidity of 3.7, for 0.4 < xF < 0.75. The details of the calibration, and the analysis methods are also discussed. Finally, we present selected aspects of the high voltage system for the STAR Forward Meson Spectrometer inner calorimeter, which was designed primarily by the author and his thesis advisor.
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