Abstract:
The vectorial extension of the Ribaucour transformation for the Lame equations of orthogonal conjugates nets in multidimensions is given. We show that the composition of two vectorial Ribaucour transformations with appropriate transformation data is again a vectorial Ribaucour transformation, from which it follows the permutability of the vectorial Ribaucour transformations. Finally, as an example we apply the vectorial Ribaucour transformation to the Cartesian background.

Abstract:
In this paper we develop the vectorial Ribaucour transformation for Euclidean submanifolds. We prove a general decomposition theorem showing that under {appropriate} conditions the composition of two or more vectorial Ribaucour transformations is again a vectorial Ribaucour transformation. An immediate consequence of this result is the classical permutability of Ribaucour transformations. Our main application is an explicit local construction of all Euclidean submanifolds with flat normal bundle. Actually, this is a particular case of a more general result. Namely, we obtain a local explicit construction of all Euclidean submanifolds carrying a parallel flat normal subbundle, in particular of all those that carry a parallel normal vector field. Finally, we describe all submanifolds carrying a Dupin principal curvature normal vector field with integrable conullity, a concept that has proven to be crucial in the study of reducibility of Dupin submanifolds.

Abstract:
Discrete analogs of the Darboux-Egoroff metrics are considered. It is shown that the corresponding lattices in the Euclidean space are described by discrete analogs of the Lame equations. It is proved that up to a gauge transformation these equations are necessary and sufficient for discrete analogs of rotation coefficients to exist. Explicit examples of the Darboux-Egoroff lattices are constructed by means of algebro-geometric methods.

Abstract:
We consider the vectorial approach to the binary Darboux transformations for the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy in its Zakharov-Shabat formulation. We obtain explicit formulae for the Darboux transformed potentials in terms of Grammian type determinants. We also study the $n$-th Gel'fand-Dickey hierarchy introducing spectral operators and obtaining similar results. We reduce the above mentioned results to the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili I and II real forms, obtaining corresponding vectorial Darboux transformations. In particular for the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili I hierarchy we get the line soliton, the lump solution and the Johnson-Thompson lump, and the corresponding determinant formulae for the non-linear superposition of several of them. For Kadomtsev-Petviashvili II apart from the line solitons we get singular rational solutions with its singularity set describing the motion of strings in the plane. We also consider the I and II real forms for the Gel'fand-Dickey hierarchies obtaining the vectorial Darboux transformation in both cases.

Abstract:
The Darboux-Egoroff system of PDEs with any number $n\ge 3$ of independent variables plays an essential role in the problems of describing $n$-dimensional flat diagonal metrics of Egoroff type and Frobenius manifolds. We construct a recursion operator and its inverse for symmetries of the Darboux-Egoroff system and describe some symmetries generated by these operators. The constructed recursion operators are not pseudodifferential, but are Backlund autotransformations for the linearized system whose solutions correspond to symmetries of the Darboux-Egoroff system. For some other PDEs, recursion operators of similar types were considered previously by Papachristou, Guthrie, Marvan, Poboril, and Sergyeyev. In the structure of the obtained third and fifth order symmetries of the Darboux-Egoroff system, one finds the third and fifth order flows of an $(n-1)$-component vector modified KdV hierarchy. The constructed recursion operators generate also an infinite number of nonlocal symmetries. In particular, we obtain a simple construction of nonlocal symmetries that were studied by Buryak and Shadrin in the context of the infinitesimal version of the Givental-van de Leur twisted loop group action on the space of semisimple Frobenius manifolds. We obtain these results by means of rather general methods, using only the zero-curvature representation of the considered PDEs.

Abstract:
We present a class of three-dimensional integrable structures associated with the Darboux-Egoroff metric and classical Euler equations of free rotations of a rigid body. They are obtained as canonical structures of rational Landau-Ginzburg potentials and provide solutions to the Painleve VI equation.

Abstract:
We associate a natural $\lambda$-family ($\lambda \in \R \setminus \{0\} $) of flat Lagrangian immersions in $\C^n$ with non-degenerate normal bundle to any given one. We prove that the structure equations for such immersions admit the same Lax pair as the first order integrable system associated to the symmetric space $\frac{\U(n) \ltimes \C^n}{\OO(n) \ltimes \R^n}$. An interesting observation is that the family degenerates to an Egoroff net on $\R^n$ when $\lambda \to 0$. We construct an action of a rational loop group on such immersions by identifying its generators and computing their dressing actions. The action of the generator with one simple pole gives the geometric Ribaucour transformation and we provide the permutability formula for such transformations. The action of the generator with two poles and the action of a rational loop in the translation subgroup produce new transformations. The corresponding results for flat Lagrangian submanifolds in $\C P^{n-1}$ and $\p$-invariant Egoroff nets follow nicely via a spherical restriction and Hopf fibration.

Abstract:
In this paper we present a vectorial Darboux transformation, in terms of ordinary determinants, for the supersymmetric extension of the Korteweg-de Vries equation proposed by Manin and Radul. It is shown how this transformation reduces to the Korteweg-de Vries equation. Soliton type solutions are constructed by dressing the vacuum and we present some relevant plots.

Abstract:
Following Burstall and Hertrich-Jeromin we study the Ribaucour transformation of Legendre submanifolds in Lie sphere geometry. We give an explicit parametrization of the resulted Legendre submanifold $\hat{F}$ of a Ribaucour transformation, via a single real function $\tau$ which represents the regular Ribaucour sphere congruence $s$ enveloped by the original Legendre submanifold $F$.

Abstract:
We discuss the Ribaucour transformation of Legendre maps in Lie sphere geometry. In this context, we give a simple conceptual proof of Bianchi's original Permutability Theorem and its generalisation by Dajczer--Tojeiro. We go on to formulate and prove a higher dimensional version of the Permutability Theorem. It is shown how these theorems descend to the corresponding results for submanifolds in space forms.