Abstract:
We investigate numerically a single-pulse implementation of a quantum Control-Not (CN) gate for an ensemble of Ising spin systems at room temperature. For an ensemble of four-spin ``molecules'' we simulate the time-evolution of the density matrix, for both digital and superpositional initial conditions. Our numerical calculations confirm the feasibility of implementation of quantum CN gate in this system at finite temperature, using electromagnetic $\pi$-pulse.

Abstract:
Here we describe a simple mechanical procedure for compiling a quantum gate network into the natural gates (pulses and delays) for an Ising quantum computer. The aim is not necessarily to generate the most efficient pulse sequence, but rather to develop an efficient compilation algorithm that can be easily implemented in large spin systems. The key observation is that it is not always necessary to refocus all the undesired couplings in a spin system. Instead the coupling evolution can simply be tracked and then corrected at some later time. Although described within the language of NMR the algorithm is applicable to any design of quantum computer based on Ising couplings.

Abstract:
Spin currents in channels of a high mobility GaAs/AlGaAs two-dimensional electron gas are generated and detected using spin-polarized quantum point contacts. We have recently shown that the relaxation length of spin currents is resonantly suppressed when the frequency at which electrons bounce between channel walls matches the Larmor frequency. Here we demonstrate that a gate on top of the channel tunes such ballistic spin resonance by tuning the velocity of electrons and hence the bouncing frequency. These findings demonstrate a new mechanism for electrical control of spin logic circuits.

Abstract:
The quantum adder is an essential attribute of a quantum computer, just as classical adder is needed for operation of a digital computer. We model the quantum full adder as a realistic complex algorithm on a large number of qubits in an Ising-spin quantum computer. Our results are an important step toward effective modeling of the quantum modular adder which is needed for Shor's and other quantum algorithms. Our full adder has the following features: (i) The near-resonant transitions with small detunings are completely suppressed, which allows us to decrease errors by several orders of magnitude and to model a 1000-qubit full adder. (We add a 1000-bit number using 2001 spins.) (ii) We construct the full adder gates directly as sequences of radio-frequency pulses, rather than breaking them down into generalized logical gates, such as Control-Not and one qubit gates. This substantially reduces the number of pulses needed to implement the full adder. [The maximum number of pulses required to add one bit (F-gate) is 15]. (iii) Full adder is realized in a homogeneous spin chain. (iv) The phase error is minimized: the F-gates generate approximately the same phase for different states of the superposition. (v) Modeling of the full adder is performed using quantum maps instead of differential equations. This allows us to reduce the calculation time to a reasonable value.

Abstract:
The Ising spin - S model on recursive p - polygonal structures in the external magnetic field is considered and the general form of the free energy and magnetization for arbitrary spin is derived. The exact relation between the free energies on infinite entire tree and on its infinite "interior" is obtained.

Abstract:
Electrical control and detection of spin precession are experimentally demonstrated by using spin-resolved edge states in the integer quantum Hall regime. Spin precession is triggered at a corner of a biased metal gate, where electron orbital motion makes a sharp turn leading to a nonadiabatic change in the effective magnetic field via spin-orbit interaction. The phase of precession is controlled by the group velocity of edge-state electrons tuned by gate bias voltage: A spin-FET device is thus realized by all-electrical means, without invoking ferromagnetic material. The effect is also interpreted in terms of a Mach-Zehnder-type spin interferometer.

Abstract:
In this article, we study optimal control of dynamics in a linear chain of three spin 1/2, weakly coupled with unequal Ising couplings. We address the problem of time-optimal synthesis of multiple spin quantum coherences. We derive time-optimal pulse sequence for creating a desired spin order by computing geodesics on a sphere under a special metric. The solution to the geodesic equation is related to the nonlinear oscillator equation and the minimum time to create multiple spin order can be expressed in terms of an elliptic integral. These techniques are used for efficient creation of multiple spin coherences in Ising spin-chains with unequal couplings.

Abstract:
The ground state and thermodynamics of a generalized spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg diamond chain with the second-neighbor interaction between nodal spins are calculated exactly using the mapping method based on the decoration-iteration transformation. Rigorous results for the magnetization, susceptibility, and heat capacity are investigated in dependence on temperature and magnetic field for the frustrated diamond spin chain with the antiferromagnetic Ising and Heisenberg interactions. It is demonstrated that the second-neighbor interaction between nodal spins gives rise to a greater diversity of low-temperature magnetization curves, which may include an intermediate plateau at two-third of the saturation magnetization related to the classical ferrimagnetic (up-up-up-down-up-up-...) ground state with translationally broken symmetry besides an intermediate one-third magnetization plateau reflecting the translationally invariant quantum ferrimagnetic (monomer-dimer) spin arrangement.

Abstract:
We present a systematic simple method to implement a generalized quantum control-NOT (CNOT) gate on two $d$-dimensional distributed systems. First, we show how the nonlocal generalized quantum CNOT gate can be implemented with unity fidelity and unity probability by using a maximally entangled pair of qudits as a quantum channel. We also put forward a scheme for probabilistically implementing the nonlocal operation with unity fidelity by employing a partially entangled qudit pair as a quantum channel. Analysis of the scheme indicates that the use of partially entangled quantum channel for implementing the nonlocal generalized quantum CNOT gate leads to the problem of `the general optimal information extraction'. We also point out that the nonlocal generalized quantum CNOT gate can be used in the entanglement swapping between particles belonging to distant users in a communication network and distributed quantum computer.

Abstract:
What is the time-optimal way of realizing quantum operations? Here, we show how important instances of this problem can be related to the study of shortest paths on the surface of a sphere under a special metric. Specifically, we provide an efficient synthesis of a controlled NOT (CNOT) gate between qubits coupled indirectly via Ising-type couplings to a third spin. Our implementation of the CNOT gate is more than twice as fast as conventional approaches. The pulse sequences for efficient manipulation of our coupled spin system are obtained by explicit computation of geodesics on a sphere under the special metric. These methods are also used for the efficient synthesis of indirect couplings and of the Toffoli gate. We provide experimental realizations of the presented methods on a linear three-spin chain with Ising couplings.