Abstract:
Nanographite systems, where graphene sheets of the orders of the nanometer size are stacked, show novel magnetic properties, such as, spin-glass like behaviors, and the change of ESR line widths while gas adsorptions. Recently, it has been found that magnetic moments decrease with the decrease of the interlayer distance while water molecules are attached physically. In this paper, we consider the mechanisms of antiferromagnetism using the Hubbard-type model...

Abstract:
We study in this paper the edge polarizations and their consequences for a biased Bernal stacked bilayer graphene nanoribbon with zigzag termination. The magnetic states are classified according to the interlayer and intralayer couplings between the edge polarizations, and the magnetic phase diagram of doping versus bias voltage is given. Coplanar magnetic phase is found and the variation of its magnetic structure with the bias voltage is investigated. For all the magnetic states, we also discuss the possibility of the half-metallicity, and for a ribbon with perfect zigzag edges we predict seven kinds of the half-metallic states, which are characterized by their distinct magnetic structures and quantized electrical conductances along the ribbon.

Abstract:
Tight-binding calculations predict that the AA-stacked graphene bilayer has one electron and one hole conducting bands, and that the Fermi surfaces of these bands coincide. We demonstrate that as a result of this degeneracy, the bilayer becomes unstable with respect to a set of spontaneous symmetry violations. Which of the symmetries is broken depends on the microscopic details of the system. We find that antiferromagnetism is the more stable order parameter. This order is stabilized by the strong on-site Coulomb repulsion. For an on-site repulsion energy typical for graphene systems, the antiferromagnetic gap can exist up to room temperatures.

Abstract:
We calculate the dynamical conductivity of AA-stacked bilayer graphene as a function of frequency and in the presence of a finite chemical potential due to charging. Unlike the monolayer, we find a Drude absorption at charge neutrality in addition to an interband absorption with onset of twice the interlayer hopping energy. At finite doping, the interband absorption exhibits two edges which depend on both chemical potential and interlayer hopping energy. We study the behaviour as a function of varying chemical potential relative to the interlayer hopping energy scale and compute the partial optical sum. The results are contrasted with the previously published case of AB-stacking. While we focus on in-plane conductivity, we also provide the perpendicular conductivity for both AB and AA stacking. We also examine conductivity for other variations with AA-stacking, such as AAA-stacked trilayer. Based on proposed models for topological insulators discussed in the literature, we also consider the effect of spin orbit coupling on the optical properties of an AA-stacked bilayer which illustrates the effect of an energy gap opening at points in the band structure.

Abstract:
In this comment we show that some equations and results of the paper titled "Dielectric screening and plasmons in AA-stacked bilayer graphene" are not correct. Furthermore, we present our results which seems to be more correct.

Abstract:
AA-stacked bilayer graphene supports Fermi circles in its bonding and antibonding bands which coincide exactly, leading to symmetry-breaking in the presence of electron-electron interactions. We analyze a continuum model of this system in the Hartree-Fock approximation, using a self-consistently screened interaction that accounts for the gap in the spectrum in the broken symmetry state. The order parameter in the groundstate is shown to be of the Ising type, involving transfer of charge between the layers in opposite directions for different sublattices. We analyze the Ising phase transition for the system, and argue that it continuously evolves into a Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in the limit of vanishing interlayer separation $d$. The transition temperature is shown to depend only on the effective spin stiffness of the system even for $d>0$, and an estimate its value suggests the transition temperature is of order a few degrees Kelvin.

Abstract:
Antiferromagnetism in stacked nanographite is investigated with using the Hubbard-type models. The A-B stacking or the stacking near to that of A-B type is favorable for the hexagonal nanographite with zigzag edges, in order that magnetism appears. Next, we find that the open shell electronic structure can be an origin of the decreasing magnetic moment with the decrease of the inter-graphene distance, as experiments on adsorption of molecules suggest.

Abstract:
Antiferromagnetism in stacked nanographite is investigated with using the Hubbard-type model. The A-B stacking is favorable for the hexagonal nanographite with zigzag edges, in order that magnetism appears. Next, we find that the open shell electronic structures can be origins of the decreasing magnetic moment with the decrease of the inter-graphene distance, as experiments on adsorption of molecules suggest.

Abstract:
The screening properties and collective excitations (plasmons) in AA-stacked bilayer graphene are studied within the random phase approximation (RPA). Whereas long lived plasmons in single layer graphene and in AB-stacked bilayer graphene can exist only in doped samples, we find that coherent plasmons can disperse in AA-stacked bilayer graphene {\it even in the absence of doping}. Moreover, we show that the characteristic low energy dispersion relation is unaffected by changes in the number of carriers, unless the chemical potential of the doped sample exceeds the inter-layer hopping energy. We further consider the effect of an external electric field applied perpendicular to the layers, and show how the dispersion of the modes can be tuned by the application of a gate voltage.

Abstract:
The low-frequency optical excitations of AA-stacked bilayer graphene are investigated by the tight-binding model. Two groups of asymmetric LLs lead to two kinds of absorption peaks resulting from only intragroup excitations. Each absorption peak obeys a single selection rule similar to that of monolayer graphene. The excitation channel of each peak is changed as the field strength approaches a critical strength. This alteration of the excitation channel is strongly related to the setting of the Fermi level. The peculiar optical properties can be attributed to the characteristics of the LL wave functions of the two LL groups. A detailed comparison of optical properties between AA-stacked and AB-stacked bilayer graphenes is also offered. The compared results demonstrate that the optical properties are strongly dominated by the stacking symmetry. Furthermore, the presented results may be used to discriminate AABG from MG, which can be hardly done by STM.