Abstract:
The real theory of the Dunkl operators has been developed very extensively, while there still lacks the corresponding complex theory. In this paper we introduce the complex Dunkl operators for certain Coxeter groups. These complex Dunkl operators have the commutative property, which makes it possible to establish a corresponding complex analysis of Dunkl operators.

Abstract:
These lecture notes are intended as an introduction to the theory of rational Dunkl operators and the associated special functions, with an emphasis on positivity and asymptotics. We start with an outline of the general concepts: Dunkl operators, the intertwining operator, the Dunkl kernel and the Dunkl transform. We point out the connection with integrable particle systems of Calogero-Moser-Sutherland type, and discuss some systems of orthogonal polynomials associated with them. A major part is devoted to positivity results for the intertwining operator and the Dunkl kernel, the Dunkl-type heat semigroup, and related probabilistic aspects. The notes conclude with recent results on the asymptotics of the Dunkl kernel.

Abstract:
Dunkl processes are generalizations of Brownian motion obtained by using the differential-difference operators known as Dunkl operators as a replacement of spatial partial derivatives in the heat equation. Special cases of these processes include Dyson's Brownian motion model and the Wishart-Laguerre eigenvalue processes, which are well-known in random matrix theory. It is known that the dynamics of Dunkl processes is obtained by transforming the heat kernel using Dunkl's intertwining operator. It is also known that, under an appropriate scaling, their distribution function converges to a steady-state distribution which depends only on the coupling parameter $\beta$ as the process time $t$ tends to infinity. We study scaled Dunkl processes starting from an arbitrary initial distribution, and we derive expressions for the intertwining operator in order to calculate the asymptotics of the distribution function in two limiting situations. In the first one, $\beta$ is fixed and $t$ tends to infinity (approach to the steady state), and in the second one, $t$ is fixed and $\beta$ tends to infinity (strong-coupling limit). We obtain the deviations from the limiting distributions in both of the above situations, and we find that they are caused by the two different mechanisms which drive the process, namely, the drift and exchange mechanisms. We find that the deviation due to the drift mechanism decays as $t^{-1}$, while the deviation due to the exchange mechanism decays as $t^{-1/2}$.

Abstract:
We attach elliptic Dunkl operators to an abelian variety with a finite group action. This generalizes elliptic Dunkl operators for Weyl groups, defined by Buchstaber, Felder, and Veselov in 1994. We show that these operators commute, and use them to define representations from category O of elliptic Cherednik algebras. We also consider the monodromy representations of differential equations defined by elliptic Dunkl operators, and show that they yield finite dimensional rrepresentations of generalized double affine Hecke algebras.

Abstract:
The Calogero-Moser systems are a series of interacting particle systems on one dimension that are both classically and quantum-mechanically integrable. Their integrability has been established through the use of Dunkl operators (a series of differential-difference operators that depend on the choice of an abstract set of vectors, or root system). At the same time, Dunkl operators are used to define a family of stochastic processes called Dunkl processes. We showed in a previous paper that when the coupling constant of interaction of the symmetric Dunkl process on the root system A(N-1) goes to infinity (the freezing regime), its final configuration is proportional to the roots of the Hermite polynomials. It is also known that the positions of the particles of the Calogero-Moser system with particle exchange become fixed at the roots of the Hermite polynomials in the freezing regime. Although both systems present a freezing behaviour that depends on the roots of the Hermite polynomials, the reason for this similarity has been an open problem until now. In the present work, we introduce a new type of similarity transformation called the diffusion-scaling transformation, in which a new space variable is given by a diffusion-scaling variable constructed using the original space and time variables. We prove that the abstract Calogero-Moser system on an arbitrary root system is a diffusion-scaling transform of the Dunkl process on the same root system. With this, we prove that the similar freezing behaviour of the two systems on A(N-1) stems from their similar mathematical structure.

Abstract:
The dynamics of the kicked-rotor, that is a paradigm for a mixed system, where the motion in some parts of phase space is chaotic and in other parts is regular is studied statistically. The evolution (Frobenius-Perron) operator of phase space densities in the chaotic component is calculated in presence of noise, and the limit of vanishing noise is taken is taken in the end of calculation. The relaxation rates (related to the Ruelle resonances) to the invariant equilibrium density are calculated analytically within an approximation that improves with increasing stochasticity. The results are tested numerically. The global picture of relaxation to the equilibrium density in the chaotic component when the system is bounded and of diffusive behavior when it is unbounded is presented.

Abstract:
We study the relaxation of a single colloidal sphere which is periodically driven between two nonequilibrium steady states. Experimentally, this is achieved by driving the particle along a toroidal trap imposed by scanned optical tweezers. We find that the relaxation time after which the probability distributions have been relaxed is identical to that obtained by a steady state measurement. In quantitative agreement with theoretical calculations the relaxation time strongly increases when driving the system further away from thermal equilibrium.

Abstract:
We give, for , weighted -inequalities for the Dunkl transform, using, respectively, the modulus of continuity of radial functions and the Dunkl convolution in the general case. As application, we obtain, in particular, the integrability of this transform on Besov-Lipschitz spaces. 1. Introduction Dunkl theory is a far reaching generalization of Euclidean Fourier analysis. It started twenty years ago with Dunkl’s seminal work [1] and was further developed by several mathematicians (see [2–6]) and later was applied and generalized in different ways by many authors (see [7–11]). The Dunkl operators are commuting differential-difference operators , . These operators, attached to a finite root system and a reflection group acting on , can be considered as perturbations of the usual partial derivatives by reflection parts. These reflection parts are coupled by parameters, which are given in terms of a nonnegative multiplicity function . The Dunkl kernel has been introduced by Dunkl in [12]. For a family of weight functions invariant under a reflection group , we use the Dunkl kernel and the weighted Lebesgue measure to define the Dunkl transform , which enjoys properties similar to those of the classical Fourier transform. If the parameter then , so that becomes the classical Fourier transform and the , , reduce to the corresponding partial derivatives , (see next section, Remark 1). The classical Fourier transform behaves well with the translation operator , which leaves the Lebesgue measure on invariant. However, the measure is no longer invariant under the usual translation. Trimèche has introduced in [6] the Dunkl translation operators , , on the space of infinitely differentiable functions on . At the moment an explicit formula for the Dunkl translation of a function is unknown in general. However, such formula is known when the function is radial (see next section). In particular, the boundedness of is established in this case. As a result one obtains a formula for the Dunkl convolution . An important motivation to study Dunkl operators originates from their relevance for the analysis of quantum many body systems of Calogero-Moser-Sutherland type. These describe algebraically integrable systems in one dimension and have gained considerable interest in mathematical physics (see [13]). Let be a function in , , where denote the space with the weight function associated with the Dunkl operators given by with a fixed positive root system (see next section). The modulus of continuity of first order of a radial function in is defined by where is the unit

Abstract:
The Dunkl-Coulomb system in the plane is considered. The model is defined in terms of the Dunkl Laplacian, which involves reflection operators, with a $r^{-1}$ potential. The system is shown to be maximally superintegrable and exactly solvable. The spectrum of the Hamiltonian is derived algebraically using a realization of $\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$ in terms of Dunkl operators. The symmetry operators generalizing the Runge-Lenz vector are constructed. On eigenspaces of fixed energy, the invariance algebra they generate is seen to correspond to a deformation of $\mathfrak{su}(2)$ by reflections. The exact solutions are given as products of Laguerre polynomials and Dunkl harmonics on the circle.