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Compact radio sources in M17  [PDF]
Luis F. Rodriguez,Ricardo F. Gonzalez,Gabriela Montes,Hassan M. Asiri,Alejandro C. Raga,Jorge Canto
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/755/2/152
Abstract: The classic HII region M17 is one of the best studied across the electromagnetic spectrum. We present sensitive, high angular resolution observations made with the Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA) at 4.96 and 8.46 GHz that reveal the presence of 38 compact radio sources, in addition to the well known hypercompact cometary HII region M17 UC1. For this last source we find that its spectral index of value $\sim$1 is due to a gradient in opacity across its face. Of the 38 compact radio sources detected, 19 have stellar counterparts detected in the infrared, optical, or X-rays. Finally, we discuss the nature of the radio emission from the massive binary system CEN 1a and 1b, concluding that both are most probably non-thermal emitters, although the first is strongly time variable and the second is steady.
The peculiar radio galaxy 4C 35.06: a case for recurrent AGN activity?  [PDF]
A. Shulevski,R. Morganti,P. D. Barthel,M. Murgia,R. J. van Weeren,G. J. White,M. Brüggen,M. Kunert-Bajraszewska,M. Jamrozy,P. N. Best,H. J. A. R?ttgering,K. T. Chyzy,F. de Gasperin,L. B?rzan,G. Brunetti,M. Brienza,D. A. Rafferty,J. Anderson,R. Beck,A. Deller,P. Zarka,D. Schwarz,E. Mahony,E. Orrú,M. E. Bell,M. J. Bentum,G. Bernardi,A. Bonafede,F. Breitling,J. W. Broderick,H. R. Butcher,D. Carbone,B. Ciardi,E. de Geus,S. Duscha,J. Eisl?ffel,D. Engels,H. Falcke,R. A. Fallows,R. Fender,C. Ferrari,W. Frieswijk,M. A. Garrett,J. Grie?meier,A. W. Gunst,G. Heald,M. Hoeft,J. H?randel,A. Horneffer,A. J. van der Horst,H. Intema,E. Juette,A. Karastergiou,V. I. Kondratiev,M. Kramer,M. Kuniyoshi,G. Kuper,P. Maat,G. Mann,R. McFadden,D. McKay-Bukowski,J. P. McKean,H. Meulman,D. D. Mulcahy,H. Munk,M. J. Norden,H. Paas,M. Pandey-Pommier,R. Pizzo,A. G. Polatidis,W. Reich,A. Rowlinson,A. M. M. Scaife,M. Serylak,J. Sluman,O. Smirnov,M. Steinmetz,J. Swinbank,M. Tagger,Y. Tang,C. Tasse,S. Thoudam,M. C. Toribio,R. Vermeulen,C. Vocks,R. A. M. J. Wijers,M. W. Wise,O. Wucknitz
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201425416
Abstract: Using observations obtained with the LOw Fequency ARray (LOFAR), the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) and archival Very Large Array (VLA) data, we have traced the radio emission to large scales in the complex source 4C 35.06 located in the core of the galaxy cluster Abell 407. At higher spatial resolution (~4"), the source was known to have two inner radio lobes spanning 31 kpc and a diffuse, low-brightness extension running parallel to them, offset by about 11 kpc (in projection). At 62 MHz, we detect the radio emission of this structure extending out to 210 kpc. At 1.4 GHz and intermediate spatial resolution (~30"), the structure appears to have a helical morphology. We have derived the characteristics of the radio spectral index across the source. We show that the source morphology is most likely the result of at least two episodes of AGN activity separated by a dormant period of around 35 Myr. The AGN is hosted by one of the galaxies located in the cluster core of Abell 407. We propose that it is intermittently active as it moves in the dense environment in the cluster core. Using LOFAR, we can trace the relic plasma from that episode of activity out to greater distances from the core than ever before. Using the the WSRT, we detect HI in absorption against the center of the radio source. The absorption profile is relatively broad (FWHM of 288 km/s), similar to what is found in other clusters. Understanding the duty cycle of the radio emission as well as the triggering mechanism for starting (or restarting) the radio-loud activity can provide important constraints to quantify the impact of AGN feedback on galaxy evolution. The study of these mechanisms at low frequencies using morphological and spectral information promises to bring new important insights in this field.
VLA/JVLA Monitoring of Bright Northern Radio Sources  [PDF]
Noah Kurinsky,Anna Sajina,Bruce Partridge,Steve Myers,Xi Chen,Marcos López-Caniego
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201219851
Abstract: We report multiple epoch VLA/JVLA observations of 89 northern hemisphere sources, most with 37\,GHz flux density > 1 Jy, observed at 4.8, 8.5, 33.5, and 43.3 GHz. The high frequency selection leads to a predominantly flat spectrum sample, with 85% of our sources being in the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalog (ERCSC). These observations allow us to: 1) validate Planck's 30 and 44 GHz flux density scale, 2) extend the radio SEDs of Planck sources to lower frequencies allowing for the full 5-857GHz regime to be studied, and 3) characterize the variability of these sources. At 30 GHz and 44 GHz, the JVLA and Planck flux densities agree to within 3%. On timescales of less than two months the median variability of our sources is 2%. On timescales of about a year the median variability increases to 14%. Using the WMAP 7-year data, the 30 GHz median variability on a 1-6 years timescale is 16%.
Probing the accelerating Universe with radio weak lensing in the JVLA Sky Survey  [PDF]
M. L. Brown,F. B. Abdalla,A. Amara,D. J. Bacon,R. A. Battye,M. R. Bell,R. J. Beswick,M. Birkinshaw,V. B?hm,S. Bridle,I. W. A. Browne,C. M. Casey,C. Demetroullas,T. En? lin,P. G. Ferreira,S. T. Garrington,K. J. B. Grainge,M. E. Gray,C. A. Hales,I. Harrison,A. F. Heavens,C. Heymans,C. L. Hung,N. J. Jackson,M. J. Jarvis,B. Joachimi,S. T. Kay,T. D. Kitching,J. P. Leahy,R. Maartens,L. Miller,T. W. B. Muxlow,S. T. Myers,R. C. Nichol,P. Patel,J. R. Pritchard,A. Raccanelli,A. Refregier,A. M. S. Richards,C. Riseley,M. G. Santos,A. M. M. Scaife,B. M. Sch?fer,R. T. Schilizzi,I. Smail,J. -L. Starck,R. M. Szepietowski,A. N. Taylor,L. Whittaker,N. Wrigley,J. Zuntz
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: We outline the prospects for performing pioneering radio weak gravitational lensing analyses using observations from a potential forthcoming JVLA Sky Survey program. A large-scale survey with the JVLA can offer interesting and unique opportunities for performing weak lensing studies in the radio band, a field which has until now been the preserve of optical telescopes. In particular, the JVLA has the capacity for large, deep radio surveys with relatively high angular resolution, which are the key characteristics required for a successful weak lensing study. We highlight the potential advantages and unique aspects of performing weak lensing in the radio band. In particular, the inclusion of continuum polarisation information can greatly reduce noise in weak lensing reconstructions and can also remove the effects of intrinsic galaxy alignments, the key astrophysical systematic effect that limits weak lensing at all wavelengths. We identify a VLASS "deep fields" program (total area ~10-20 square degs), to be conducted at L-band and with high-resolution (A-array configuration), as the optimal survey strategy from the point of view of weak lensing science. Such a survey will build on the unique strengths of the JVLA and will remain unsurpassed in terms of its combination of resolution and sensitivity until the advent of the Square Kilometre Array. We identify the best fields on the JVLA-accessible sky from the point of view of overlapping with existing deep optical and near infra-red data which will provide crucial redshift information and facilitate a host of additional compelling multi-wavelength science.
New Measurements of the Radio Photosphere of Mira based on Data from the JVLA and ALMA  [PDF]
L. D. Matthews,M. J. Reid,K. M. Menten
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/808/1/36
Abstract: We present new measurements of the millimeter wavelength continuum emission from the long period variable Mira ($o$ Ceti) at frequencies of 46 GHz, 96 GHz, and 229 GHz ($\lambda$~7 mm, 3 mm, and 1 mm) based on observations obtained with the Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA) and the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The measured millimeter flux densities are consistent with a radio photosphere model derived from previous observations, where flux density, $S_{\nu}\propto\nu^{1.86}$. The stellar disk is resolved, and the measurements indicate a decrease in the size of the radio photosphere at higher frequencies, as expected if the opacity decreases at shorter wavelengths. The shape of the radio photosphere is found to be slightly elongated, with a flattening of ~10-20%. The data also reveal evidence for brightness non-uniformities on the surface of Mira at radio wavelengths. Mira's hot companion, Mira B was detected at all three observed wavelengths, and we measure a radius for its radio-emitting surface of $\approx2.0\times10^{13}$ cm. The data presented here highlight the power of the JVLA and ALMA for the study of the atmospheres of evolved stars.
JVLA Observations of IC 348SW: Compact Radio Sources and their Nature  [PDF]
L. F. Rodriguez,L. A. Zapata,A. Palau
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/790/1/80
Abstract: We present sensitive 2.1 and 3.3 cm JVLA radio continuum observations of the region IC 348 SW. We detect a total of 10 compact radio sources in the region, of which seven are first reported here. One of the sources is associated with the remarkable periodic time-variable infrared source LRLL 54361, opening the possibility of monitoring this object at radio wavelengths. Four of the sources appear to be powering outflows in the region, including HH 211 and HH 797. In the case of the rotating outflow HH 797 we detect at its center a double radio source, separated by $\sim3"$. Two of the sources are associated with infrared stars that possibly have gyrosynchrotron emission produced in active magnetospheres. Finally, three of the sources are interpreted as background objects.
JVLA S and X-band Polarimetry of the Merging Cluster Abell 2256  [PDF]
Takeaki Ozawa,Hiroyuki Nakanishi,Takuya Akahori,Kenta Anraku,Motokazu Takizawa,Ikumi Takahashi,Sachiko Onodera,Yuya Tsuda,Yoshiaki Sofue
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/psv082
Abstract: We report polarimetry results of a merging cluster of galaxies Abell 2256 with Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA). We performed new observations with JVLA at S-band (2051-3947 MHz) and X-band (8051-9947 MHz) in the C array configuration, and detected significant polarized emissions from the radio relic, Source A, and Source B in this cluster. We calculated the total magnetic field strengths toward the radio relic using revised equipartition formula, which is 1.8-5.0 microG. With dispersions of Faraday rotation measure, magnetic-field strengths toward Sources A and B are estimated to be 0.63-1.26 microG and 0.11-0.21 microG, respectively. An extremely high degree of linear polarization, as high as ~ 35 %, about a half of the maximum polarization, was detected toward the radio relic, which indicates highly ordered magnetic lines of force over the beam sizes (~ 52 kpc).The fractional polarization of the radio relic decreases from ~ 35 % to ~ 20 % around 3 GHz as the frequency decreases and is nearly constant between 1.37 and 3 GHz. Both analyses with depolarization models and Faraday tomography suggest multiple depolarization components toward the radio relic and imply the existence of turbulent magnetic fields.
The Radio Counterparts to the Binary O4+O4 System CEN 1 in NGC 6618, the Cluster lonizing M17
Rodríguez, Luis F.;González, Ricardo F.;Montes, Gabriela;
Revista mexicana de astronomía y astrofísica , 2009,
Abstract: we present the analysis of vla archive observation made in the year 2000 at 8.46 ghz toward m17. in the region of the stellar cluster ngc 6618 we detect seven compact radio sources, of which four have chandra x-ray counterparts. two of the radio+x-ray sources coincide positionally with the two o4 stars that form the binary systen cen 1. these stars are the main ionizing sources of the m17 h ii region and the brightest x-ray objects in the zone. the observed 8.46 ghz flux densities exceed by an order of magnitude the values expected from free-free emission from a wind. an additional archive observation made in 1988 at 4.86 ghz suggests variability in the radio sources associated with cen 1.
The discovery of lensed radio and X-ray sources behind the Frontier Fields cluster MACS J0717.5+3745 with the JVLA and Chandra  [PDF]
R. J. van Weeren,G. A. Ogrean,C. Jones,W. R. Forman,F. Andrade-Santos,A. Bonafede,M. Brüggen,E. Bulbul,T. E. Clarke,E. Churazov,L. David,W. A. Dawson,M. Donahue,A. Goulding,R. P. Kraft,B. Mason,J. Merten,T. Mroczkowski,S. S. Murray,P. E. J. Nulsen,P. Rosati,E. Roediger,S. W. Randall,J. Sayers,K. Umetsu,A. Vikhlinin,A. Zitrin
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We report on high-resolution JVLA and Chandra observations of the HST Frontier Cluster MACS J0717.5+3745. MACS J0717.5+3745 offers the largest contiguous magnified area of any known cluster, making it a promising target to search for lensed radio and X-ray sources. With the high-resolution 1.0-6.5 GHz JVLA imaging in A and B configuration, we detect a total of 51 compact radio sources within the area covered by the HST imaging. Within this sample we find 7 lensed sources with amplification factors larger than $2$. None of these sources are identified as multiply-lensed. Based on the radio luminosities, the majority of these sources are likely star forming galaxies with star formation rates of 10-50 M$_\odot$ yr$^{-1}$ located at $1 \lesssim z \lesssim 2$. Two of the lensed radio sources are also detected in the Chandra image of the cluster. These two sources are likely AGN, given their $2-10$ keV X-ray luminosities of $\sim 10^{43-44}$ erg s$^{-1}$. From the derived radio luminosity function, we find evidence for an increase in the number density of radio sources at $0.6
THE RADIO COUNTERPARTS TO THE BINARY O4+O4 SYSTEM CEN 1 IN NGC 6618, THE CLUSTER IONIZING M17
Luis F. Rodru00EDguez,Ricardo F. Gonzu00E1lez,Gabriela Montes
Revista mexicana de astronomía y astrofísica , 2009,
Abstract: Presentamos el análisis de una observación de archivo hecha en el a o 2000 con el Very Large Array a 8.46 GHz hacia M17. En la región del cúmulo estelar NGC 6618 detectamos siete fuentes compactas de radio, de las cuales cuatro tienen contrapartes de rayos X en observaciones de Chandra. Dos de las fuentes de radio+rayos X coinciden posicionalmente con las dos estrellas O4 que forman el sistema binario CEN 1. Estas estrellas son las fuentes principales de ionización de la región H II M17 y los objetos más luminosos en rayos X de la zona. Las densidades de ujo observadas a 8.46 GHz exceden en un orden de magnitud los valores esperados para el caso de emisión libre-libre de un viento. Una observación adicional de archivo hecha en 1988 a 4.86 GHz sugiere variabilidad en las fuentes de radio asociadas a CEN 1.
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