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Update on scalar singlet dark matter  [PDF]
James M. Cline,Kimmo Kainulainen,Pat Scott,Christoph Weniger
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.055025
Abstract: One of the simplest models of dark matter is that where a scalar singlet field S comprises some or all of the dark matter, and interacts with the standard model through an HHSS coupling to the Higgs boson. We update the present limits on the model from LHC searches for invisible Higgs decays, the thermal relic density of S, and dark matter searches via indirect and direct detection. We point out that the currently allowed parameter space is on the verge of being significantly reduced with the next generation of experiments. We discuss the impact of such constraints on possible applications of scalar singlet dark matter, including a strong electroweak phase transition, and the question of vacuum stability of the Higgs potential at high scales.
The real singlet scalar dark matter model  [PDF]
Wan-Lei Guo,Yue-Liang Wu
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2010)083
Abstract: We present an undated comprehensive analysis for the simplest dark matter model in which a real singlet scalar with a $Z_2$ symmetry is introduced to extend the standard model. According to the observed dark matter abundance, we predict the dark matter direct and indirect detection cross sections for the whole parameter space. The Breit-Wigner resonance effect has been considered to calculate the thermally averaged annihilation cross section. It is found that three regions can be excluded by the current direct and indirect dark matter search experiments. In addition, we also discuss the implication of this model for the Higgs searches at colliders.
$Z_3$ Scalar Singlet Dark Matter  [PDF]
Geneviève Bélanger,Kristjan Kannike,Alexander Pukhov,Martti Raidal
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/01/022
Abstract: We consider the minimal scalar singlet dark matter stabilised by a $Z_3$ symmetry. Due to the cubic term in the scalar potential, semi-annihilations, besides annihilations, contribute to the dark matter relic density. Unlike in the $Z_2$ case, the dark matter spin independent direct detection cross section is no more linked to the annihilation cross section. We study the extrema of the potential and show that a too large cubic term would break the $Z_3$ symmetry spontaneously, implying a lower bound on the direct detection cross section, and allowing the whole parameter space to be tested by XENON1T. In a small region of the parameter space the model can avoid the instability of the standard model vacuum up to the unification scale. If the semi-annihilations are large, however, new physics will be needed at TeV scale because the model becomes non-perturbative. The singlet dark matter mass cannot be lower than 53.8 GeV due to the constraint from Higgs boson decay into dark matter.
Triplet-Singlet Extension of the MSSM with a 125 Gev Higgs and Dark Matter  [PDF]
Tanushree Basak,Subhendra Mohanty
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.075031
Abstract: We study the extension of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model by adding one singlet and one hypercharge zero SU(2) triplet chiral superfield. The triplet sector gives an additional contributions to the scalar masses and we find that the lightest CP-even Higgs boson can have a mass of 119-120 GeV at the tree level, and radiative correction raises the value to 125 GeV. In this model no significant contributions from stop loops is needed to get the required Higgs mass which alleviates the fine tuning problem of fixing the stop mass to a high precision at the GUT scale. In addition this model gives a neutralino dark matter of mass around 100 GeV which is a mixture of Higgsino and Triplino with a dark matter density consistent with WMAP observations. The spin-independent scattering cross-section with nucleons is 10^(-43) cm^2, which makes it consistent with the bounds from direct detection experiments like XENON100 and others.
Scalar Singlet Dark Matter and Gamma Lines  [PDF]
Michael Duerr,Pavel Fileviez Perez,Juri Smirnov
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2015.10.034
Abstract: We point out the possibility to test the simplest scalar dark matter model at gamma-ray telescopes. We discuss the relevant constraints and show the predictions for direct detection, gamma line searches and LHC searches. Since the final state radiation processes are suppressed by small Yukawa couplings one could observe the gamma lines from dark matter annihilation.
The Minimal Model of Nonbaryonic Dark Matter: A Singlet Scalar  [PDF]
C. P. Burgess,M. Pospelov,T. ter Veldhuis
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(01)00513-2
Abstract: We propose the simplest possible renormalizable extension of the Standard Model - the addition of just one singlet scalar field - as a minimalist model for non-baryonic dark matter. Such a model is characterized by only three parameters in addition to those already appearing within the Standard Model: a dimensionless self-coupling and a mass for the new scalar, and a dimensionless coupling, \lambda, to the Higgs field. If the singlet is the dark matter, these parameters are related to one another by the cosmological abundance constraint, implying that the coupling of the singlet to the Higgs field is large, \lambda \sim O(0.1 - 1). Since this parameter also controls couplings to ordinary matter, we obtain predictions for the elastic cross section of the singlet with nuclei. The resulting scattering rates are close to current limits from both direct and indirect searches. The existence of the singlet also has implications for current Higgs searches, as it gives a large contribution to the invisible Higgs width for much of parameter space. These scalars can be strongly self-coupled in the cosmologically interesting sense recently proposed by Spergel and Steinhardt, but only for very low masses (< 1 GeV), which is possible only at the expense of some fine-tuning of parameters.
Singlet Scalar Dark Matter: monochromatic gamma rays and metastable vacua  [PDF]
Stefano Profumo,Lorenzo Ubaldi,Carroll Wainwright
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.123514
Abstract: We calculate the pair-annihilation cross section of real scalar singlet dark matter into two mono-energetic photons. We derive constraints on the theory parameter space from the Fermi limits on gamma-ray lines, and we compare with current limits from direct dark matter detection. We show that the new limits, albeit typically relevant only when the dark matter mass is close to half the Standard Model Higgs mass, rule out regions of the theory parameter space that are otherwise not constrained by other observations or experiments. In particular, the new excluded regions partly overlap with the parameter space where real scalar singlet dark matter might explain the anomalous signals observed by CDMS. We also calculate the lifetime of unstable vacuum configurations in the scalar potential, and show that the gamma-ray limits are quite relevant in regions where the electro-weak vacuum is meta-stable with a lifetime longer than the age of the universe.
Gamma rays from the annihilation of singlet scalar dark matter
Yaguna, Carlos E.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2009/03/003
Abstract: We consider an extension of the Standard Model by a singlet scalar that accounts for the dark matter of the Universe. Within this model we compute the expected gamma ray flux from the annihilation of dark matter particles in a consistent way. To do so, an updated analysis of the parameter space of the model is first presented. By enforcing the relic density constraint from the very beginning, the viable parameter space gets reduced to just two variables: the singlet mass and the higgs mass. Current direct detection constraints are then found to require a singlet mass larger than 50 GeV. Finally, we compute the gamma ray flux and annihilation cross section and show that a large fraction of the viable parameter space lies within the sensitivity of Fermi-GLAST.
130 GeV gamma-ray line and enhancement of $h\toγγ$ in the Higgs triplet model plus a scalar dark matter  [PDF]
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.015015
Abstract: With a discrete $Z_2$ symmetry being imposed, we introduce a real singlet scalar $S$ to the Higgs triplet model with the motivation of explaining the tentative evidence for a spectral feature at $E_\gamma$ = 130 GeV in the Fermi LAT data. The model can naturally satisfy the experimental constraints of the dark matter relic density and direct detection data from Xenon100. The doubly charged and one charged scalars can enhance the annihilation cross section of $SS\to\gamma\gamma$ via the one-loop contributions, and give the negligible contributions to the relic density. $<\sigmav>_{SS\to\gamma\gamma}$ for $m_{S}=130$ GeV can reach $\ord(1)\times10^{-27} cm^3 s^{-1}$ for the small charged scalar masses and the coupling constant of larger than 1. Besides, this model also predict a second photon peak at 114 GeV from the annihilation $SS\to\gamma Z$, and the cross section is approximately 0.76 times that of $SS\to\gamma \gamma$, which is below the upper limit reported by Fermi LAT. Finally, the light charged scalars can enhance LHC diphoton Higgs rate, and make it to be consistent with the experimental data reported by ATLAS and CMS.
A study of electroweak vacuum metastability with a singlet scalar dark matter  [PDF]
Najimuddin Khan,Subhendu Rakshit
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.113008
Abstract: We study several aspects of electroweak vacuum metastability when an extra gauge singlet scalar, a viable candidate for a dark matter particle, is added to the standard model of particle physics, which is assumed to be valid up to the Planck scale. Phase diagrams are drawn for different parameter spaces, and based on that, we graphically demonstrate how the confidence level, at which stability of electroweak vacuum is excluded, depends on such new physics parameters.
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