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Realistic sterile neutrino dark matter with keV mass does not contradict cosmological bounds
Boyarsky, Alexey;Lesgourgues, Julien;Ruchayskiy, Oleg;Viel, Matteo
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.201304
Abstract: Previous fits of sterile neutrino dark matter models to cosmological data assumed a peculiar production mechanism, which is not representative of the best-motivated particle physics models given current data on neutrino oscillations. These analyses ruled out sterile neutrino masses smaller than 8-10 keV. Here we focus on sterile neutrinos produced resonantly. We show that their cosmological signature can be approximated by that of mixed Cold plus Warm Dark Matter (CWDM). We use recent results on LambdaCWDM models to show that for each mass greater than or equal to 2 keV, there exists at least one model of sterile neutrino accounting for the totality of dark matter, and consistent with Lyman-alpha and other cosmological data. Resonant production occurs in the framework of the nuMSM (the extension of the Standard Model with three right-handed neutrinos). The models we checked to be allowed correspond to parameter values consistent with neutrino oscillation data, baryogenesis and all other dark matter bounds.
Satellite galaxies in semi-analytic models of galaxy formation with sterile neutrino dark matter  [PDF]
Mark R. Lovell,Sownak Bose,Alexey Boyarsky,Shaun Cole,Carlos S. Frenk,Violeta Gonzalez-Perez,Rachel Kennedy,Oleg Ruchayskiy,Alex Smith
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The sterile neutrino is a viable dark matter candidate that can be produced in the early Universe via non-equilibrium processes, and would therefore possess a highly non-thermal spectrum of primordial velocities. In this paper we analyse the process of structure formation with this class of dark matter particles. To this end we construct primordial dark matter power spectra as a function of the lepton asymmetry, $L_6$, that is present in the primordial plasma and leads to resonant sterile neutrino production. We compare these power spectra with those of thermally produced dark matter particles and show that resonantly produced sterile neutrinos are much colder than their thermal relic counterparts. We also demonstrate that the shape of these power spectra are not determined by the free-streaming scale alone. We then use the power spectra as an input for semi-analytic models of galaxy formation in order to predict the number of luminous satellite galaxies in a Milky Way-like halo. By assuming that the mass of the Milky Way halo must be no more than $2\times10^{12}M_{\odot}$ (the adopted upper bound based on current astronomical observations) we are able to constrain the value of $L_6$ for $M_{s}\le 5$keV. We also show that the range of $L_6$ that is in best agreement with the 3.5keV line (if produced by decays of 7keV sterile neutrino) requires that the Milky Way halo has a mass no smaller than $1.2\times10^{12}M_{\odot}$. Finally, we compare the power spectra obtained by direct integration of the Boltzmann equations for a non-resonantly produced sterile neutrino with the fitting formula of Viel et al. and find that the latter significantly underestimates the power amplitude on scales relevant to satellite galaxies.
Constraining sterile neutrino dark matter by phase-space density observations
Gorbunov, D.;Khmelnitsky, A.;Rubakov, V.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2008/10/041
Abstract: We apply phase-space density considerations to obtain lower bounds on the mass of sterile neutrino as dark matter candidate. The bounds are different for non-resonant production, resonant production in the presence of lepton asymmetry and production in decays of heavier particles. In the former case our bound is comparable to, but independent of the Lyman-alpha bound, and together with X-ray upper limit it disfavors non-resonantly produced sterile neutrino dark matter. An interesting feature of the latter case is that warm dark matter may be composed of heavy particles.
Toward the full test of the nuMSM sterile neutrino dark matter model with Athena  [PDF]
A. Neronov,D. Malyshev
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We discuss the potential of Athena X-ray telescope, in particular of its X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU), for detection of the signal from the light-weight decaying dark matter with mass in the keV range. We show that high energy resolution and large collection area of X-IFU will provide an improvement of sensitivity which will be sufficient for the full test of the neutrino Minimal extension of the Standard Model (nuMSM). Search for the narrow spectral line produced by the decay of the dark matter sterile neutrino in the spectra of dwarf spheroidal galaxies with X-IFU will explore the whole allowed range masses and mixing angles of the nuMSM lightest sterile neutrino and in this way either to find the dark matter signal or rule out the nuMSM model.
Experimental bounds on sterile neutrino mixing angles  [PDF]
Oleg Ruchayskiy,Artem Ivashko
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2012)100
Abstract: We derive bounds on the mixing between the left-chiral ("active") and the right-chiral ("sterile") neutrinos, provided from the combination of neutrino oscillation data and direct experimental searches for sterile neutrinos. We demonstrate that the mixing of sterile neutrinos with any flavour can be significantly suppressed, provided that the angle theta_13 is non-zero. This means that the lower bounds on sterile neutrino lifetime, coming from the negative results of direct experimental searches can be relaxed (by as much as the order of magnitude at some masses). We also demonstrate that the results of the negative searches of sterile neutrinos with PS191 and CHARM experiments are not applicable directly to the see-saw models. The reinterpretation of these results provides up to the order of magnitude stronger bounds on sterile neutrino lifetime than previously discussed in the literature. We discuss the implications of our results for the Neutrino Minimal Standard Model (the NuMSM).
Neutrino masses, leptogenesis, and sterile neutrino dark matter  [PDF]
Takanao Tsuyuki
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.013007
Abstract: We analyze a scenario in which the lightest heavy neutrino $N_1$ is a dark matter candidate and the second- heaviest neutrino $N_2$ decays producing a lepton number. If $N_1$ were in thermal equilibrium, its energy density today would be much larger than that of the observed dark matter, so we consider energy injection by the decay of $N_2$. In this paper, we show the parameters of this scenario that give the correct abundances of dark matter and baryonic matter and also induce the observed neutrino masses. This model can explain a possible sterile neutrino dark matter signal of $M_1$=7 keV in the x-ray observation of x-ray multi-mirror mission.
The role of the eROSITA all-sky survey in searches for sterile neutrino dark matter  [PDF]
Fabio Zandanel,Christoph Weniger,Shin'ichiro Ando
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/09/060
Abstract: We investigate for the first time the potential of angular auto- and cross-correlation power spectra in identifying sterile neutrino dark matter in the cosmic X-ray background. We take as reference the performance of the soon-to-be-launched eROSITA satellite. The main astrophysical background sources against sterile neutrino decays are active galactic nuclei, galaxies powered by X-ray binaries, and clusters of galaxies. While sterile neutrino decays are always subdominant in the auto-correlation power spectra, they can be efficiently enhanced when cross-correlating with tracers of the dark matter distribution such as galaxies in the 2MASS catalogues. We show that the planned four-years eROSITA all-sky survey will provide a large enough photon statistics to potentially yield very stringent constraints on the decay lifetime, enabling to firmly test the recently claimed 3.56-keV X-ray line found towards several clusters and galaxies and its decaying dark matter interpretation. However, we also show that in order to fully exploit the potential of eROSITA for dark matter searches, it is vital to overcome the shot-noise limitations inherent to galaxy catalogues as tracers for the dark matter distribution.
Sterile neutrino fits to dark matter mass profiles in the Milky Way and in galaxy clusters
Chan, Man Ho;Ehrlich, Robert
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: In several recent papers it was claimed that SN 1987A data supports the existence of 4.0 eV and 21.4 eV active neutrino mass eigenstates, and it was shown that such large masses could be made consistent with existing constraints including neutrino oscillation data and upper limits on the neutrino flavor state masses, provided that there also exist a pair of sterile neutrino mass states whose masses are nearly degenerate with the active ones, plus a third active-sterile doublet that is tachyonic ($m^2 <0$). Here, independent evidence is presented for the existence of sterile neutrinos with the previously claimed masses based on fits to the dark matter distributions in the Milky Way galaxy and four clusters of galaxies. The fits are in excellent agreement with observations. In addition, sterile neutrinos having the suggested masses address the "cusp" problem and the missing satellites problem, as well as that of the "top down" scenario of structure formation -- previously a chief drawback of HDM particles. Nevertheless, the highly controversial nature of the claim, and the need for two free parameters in the dark matter fits, additional confirming evidence will be required before it can be considered proven.
Sterile neutrino fits to dark matter mass profiles in the Milky Way and in galaxy clusters  [PDF]
Man Ho Chan,Robert Ehrlich
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s10509-013-1603-2
Abstract: In several recent papers it was claimed that SN 1987A data supports the existence of 4.0 eV and 21.4 eV active neutrino mass eigenstates, and it was shown that such large masses could be made consistent with existing constraints including neutrino oscillation data and upper limits on the neutrino flavor state masses, provided that there also exist a pair of sterile neutrino mass states whose masses are nearly degenerate with the active ones, plus a third active-sterile doublet that is tachyonic ($m^2 <0$). Here, independent evidence is presented for the existence of sterile neutrinos with the previously claimed masses based on fits to the dark matter distributions in the Milky Way galaxy and four clusters of galaxies. The fits are in excellent agreement with observations. In addition, sterile neutrinos having the suggested masses address the "cusp" problem and the missing satellites problem, as well as that of the "top down" scenario of structure formation -- previously a chief drawback of HDM particles. Nevertheless, the highly controversial nature of the claim, and the need for two free parameters in the dark matter fits, additional confirming evidence will be required before it can be considered proven.
Sterile neutrino dark matter in warped extra dimensions
Kadota, Kenji
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.063509
Abstract: We consider a (long-lived) sterile neutrino dark matter scenario in a five dimensional (5D) warped extra dimension model where the fields can live in the bulk, which is partly motivated from the absence of the absolutely stable particles in a simple Randall-Sundrum model. The dominant production of the sterile neutrino can come from the decay of the radion (the scalar field representing the brane separation) around the electroweak scale. The suppressions of the 4D parameters due to the warp factor and the small wave function overlaps in the extra dimension help alleviate the exceeding fine-tunings typical for a sterile neutrino dark matter scenario in a 4D setup.
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