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Tailoring the magnetism of GaMnAs films by ion irradiation  [PDF]
Lin Li,S. D. Yao,Shengqiang Zhou,D. Bürger,O. Roshchupkina,S. Akhmadaliev,A. W. Rushforth,R. P. Campion,J. Fassbender,M. Helm,B. L. Gallagher,C. Timm,H. Schmidt
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/44/4/045001
Abstract: Ion irradiation of semiconductors is a well understood method to tune the carrier concentration in a controlled manner. We show that the ferromagnetism in GaMnAs films, known to be hole-mediated, can be modified by He ion irradiation. The coercivity can be increased by more than three times. The magnetization, Curie temperature and the saturation field along the out-of-plane hard axis all decrease as the fluence increases. The electrical and structural characterization of the irradiated GaMnAs layers indicates that the controlled tailoring of magnetism results from a compensation of holes by generated electrical defects.
Microstructured superhydrorepellent surfaces: Effect of drop pressure on fakir-state stability and apparent contact angles  [PDF]
L. Afferrante,G. Carbone
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/32/325107
Abstract: In this paper we present a generalized Cassi-Baxter equation to take into account the effect of drop pressure on the apparent contact angle theta_{app}. Also we determine the limiting pressure p_{W} which causes the impalement transition to the Wenzel state and the pull-off pressure p_{out} at which the drop detaches from the substrate. The calculations have been carried out for axial-symmetric pillars of three different shapes: conical, hemispherical topped and flat topped cylindrical pillars. Calculations show that, assuming the same pillar spacing, conical pillars may be more incline to undergo an impalement transition to the Wenzel state, but, on the other hand, they are characterized by a vanishing pull-off pressure which causes the drop not to adhere to the substrate and therefore to detach very easily. We infer that this property should strongly reduce the contact angle hysteresis as experimentally osberved in Ref. \cite{Martines-Conical-Shape}. It is possible to combine large resistance to impalement transition (i.e. large value of p_{W}) and small (or even vanishing) detaching pressure p_{out} by employing cylindrical pillars with conical tips. We also show that depending on the particular pillar geometry, the effect of drop pressure on the apparent contact angle theta_{app} may be more or less significant. In particular we show that in case of conical pillars increasing the drop pressure causes a significant decrease of theta_{app} in agreement with some experimental investigations \cite{LafunaTransitio}, whereas theta_{app} slightly increases for hemispherical or flat topped cylindrical pillars.
The extending topologies  [cached]
Bradd Clark,Victor Schneider
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 1984, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171284000673
Abstract: Let H be a topological group and a subgroup of G. A topology on G is called an extending topology if and only if it makes G a topological group and it induces the given topology on H. The set of all such topologies is studied.
Joins of Euclidean orbital topologies  [cached]
Ellen Clay
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 1997, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171297000185
Abstract: This paper is concerned with joins of orbital topologies especially on the orbit of the reals with the usual topology.
Linear topologies on $\Z$ are not Mackey topologies  [PDF]
Lydia Aussenhofer,Daniel de la Barrera Mayoral
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this article it is shown that to every non-discrete Hausdorff linear topology on $\Z$ other metrizable locally quasi-convex group topologies can be associated which are strictly finer than the linear topology and such that the character groups coincide. Applying this result to the $p$-adic topology on $\Z$, we give a negative answer to the question of Dikranjan, whether this topology is Mackey.
Tailoring PDC speckle structure  [PDF]
G. Brida,M. Genovese,A. Meda,I. Ruo-Berchera,E. Predazzi
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Speckle structure of parametric down conversion light has recently received a large attention due to relevance in view of applications to quantum imaging The possibility of tailoring the speckle size by acting on the pump properties is an interesting tool for the applications to quantum imaging and in particular to the detection of weak object under shot-noise limit. Here we present a systematic detailed experimental study of the speckle structure produced in type II PDC with particular attention to its variation with pump beam properties.
Natural Topologies on Colombeau Algebras  [PDF]
J. Aragona,R. Fernandez,S. O. Juriaans
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: We define natural topologies on the Colombeau algebras which are compatible with the algebraic structure. These topologies reduces do Scarpalezos sharp topologies when restricted. with this we take a positive step towards topological methods of solving P.D. Equations in Colombeau algebras. Applications will appear elsewhere.
Singular topologies in the Boulatov model  [PDF]
Sylvain Carrozza
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/360/1/012045
Abstract: Through the question of singular topologies in the Boulatov model, we illustrate and summarize some of the recent advances in Group Field Theory.
Tailoring Magnetism in Quantum Dots  [PDF]
Ramin M. Abolfath,Pawel Hawrylak,Igor Zutic
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.207203
Abstract: We study magnetism in magnetically doped quantum dots as a function of confining potential, particle numbers, temperature, and strength of Coulomb interactions. We explore possibility of tailoring magnetism by controlling the electron-electron Coulomb interaction, without changing the number of particles. The interplay of strong Coulomb interactions and quantum confinement leads to enhanced inhomogeneous magnetization which persist at higher temperatures than in the non-interacting case. The temperature of the onset of magnetization can be controlled by changing the number of particles as well as by modifying the quantum confinement and the strength of Coulomb interactions. We predict a series of electronic spin transitions which arise from the competition between the many-body gap and magnetic thermal fluctuations.
Tailoring ferromagnetic chalcopyrites  [PDF]
Steven C. Erwin,Igor Zutic
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1038/nmat1127
Abstract: If magnetic semiconductors are ever to find wide application in real spintronic devices, their magnetic and electronic properties will require tailoring in much the same way that band gaps are engineered in conventional semiconductors. Unfortunately, no systematic understanding yet exists of how, or even whether, properties such as Curie temperatures and band gaps are related in magnetic semiconductors. Here we explore theoretically these and other relationships within 64 members of a single materials class, the Mn-doped II-IV-V2 chalcopyrites, three of which are already known experimentally to be ferromagnetic semiconductors. Our first-principles results reveal a variation of magnetic properties across different materials that cannot be explained by either of the two dominant models of ferromagnetism in semiconductors. Based on our results for structural, electronic, and magnetic properties, we identify a small number of new stable chalcopyrites with excellent prospects for ferromagnetism.
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