Abstract:
Drinfeld recently suggested to replace projective modules by the flat Mittag--Leffler ones in the definition of an infinite dimensional vector bundle on a scheme $X$. Two questions arise: (1) What is the structure of the class $\mathcal D$ of all flat Mittag--Leffler modules over a general ring? (2) Can flat Mittag--Leffler modules be used to build a Quillen model category structure on the category of all chain complexes of quasi--coherent sheaves on $X$? We answer (1) by showing that a module $M$ is flat Mittag--Leffler, if and only if $M$ is $\aleph_1$--projective in the sense of Eklof and Mekler. We use this to characterize the rings such that $\mathcal D$ is closed under products, and relate the classes of all Mittag--Leffler, strict Mittag--Leffler, and separable modules. Then we prove that the class $\mathcal D$ is not deconstructible for any non--right perfect ring. So unlike the classes of all projective and flat modules, the class $\mathcal D$ does not admit the homotopy theory tools developed recently by Hovey . This gives a negative answer to (2).

Abstract:
We consider two operations on the Mittag-Leffler function which cancel the exponential term in the expansion at infinity, and generate a completely monotonic function. The first one is the action of a certain differential-difference operator, and leads to a characterization via some necktie domain. The second one is the subtraction of the exponential term itself multiplied by an incomplete Gamma function. These results extend previous works by various authors.

Abstract:
Motivated essentially by the success of the applications of the Mittag-Leffler functions in many areas of science and engineering, the authors present, in a unified manner, a detailed account or rather a brief survey of the Mittag-Leffler function, generalized Mittag-Leffler functions, Mittag-Leffler type functions, and their interesting and useful properties. Applications of G. M. Mittag-Leffler functions in certain areas of physical and applied sciences are also demonstrated. During the last two decades this function has come into prominence after about nine decades of its discovery by a Swedish Mathematician Mittag-Leffler, due to the vast potential of its applications in solving the problems of physical, biological, engineering, and earth sciences, and so forth. In this survey paper, nearly all types of Mittag-Leffler type functions existing in the literature are presented. An attempt is made to present nearly an exhaustive list of references concerning the Mittag-Leffler functions to make the reader familiar with the present trend of research in Mittag-Leffler type functions and their applications.

Abstract:
Motivated essentially by the success of the applications of the Mittag-Leffler functions in many areas of science and engineering, the authors present in a unified manner, a detailed account or rather a brief survey of the Mittag- Leffler function, generalized Mittag-Leffler functions, Mittag-Leffler type functions, and their interesting and useful properties. Applications of Mittag-Leffler functions in certain areas of physical and applied sciences are also demonstrated. During the last two decades this function has come into prominence after about nine decades of its discovery by a Swedish mathematician G.M. Mittag-Leffler, due its vast potential of its applications in solving the problems of physical, biological, engineering and earth sciences etc. In this survey paper, nearly all types of Mittag-Leffler type functions existing in the literature are presented. An attempt is made to present nearly an exhaustive list of references concerning the Mittag-Leffler functions to make the reader familiar with the present trend of research in Mittag-Leffler type functions and their applications.

Abstract:
The starting point of this paper are the Mittag-Leffler polynomials introduced by H. Bateman [1]. Based on generalized integer powers of real numbers and deformed exponential function, we introduce deformed Mittag-Leffler polynomials defined by appropriate generating function. We investigate their recurrence relations, differential properties and orthogonality. Since they have all zeros on imaginary axes, we also consider real polynomials with real zeros associated to them.

Abstract:
We study Mittag-Leffler conditions on modules providing relative versions of classical results by Raynaud and Gruson. We then apply our investigations to several contexts. First of all, we give a new argument for solving the Baer splitting problem. Moreover, we show that modules arising in cotorsion pairs satisfy certain Mittag-Leffler conditions. In particular, this implies that tilting modules satisfy a useful finiteness condition over their endomorphism ring. In the final section, we focus on a special tilting cotorsion pair related to the pure-semisimplicity conjecture.

Abstract:
We construct an infinite dimensional analysis with respect to non-Gaussian measures of Mittag-Leffler type which we call Mittag-Leffler measures. It turns out that the well-known Wick ordered polynomials in Gaussian analysis cannot be generalized to this non-Gaussian case. Instead of using Wick ordered polynomials we prove that a system of biorthogonal polynomials, called Appell system, is applicable to the Mittag-Leffler measures. Therefore we are able to introduce a test function and a distribution space. As an application we construct Donsker's delta in a non-Gaussian setting as a weak integral in the distribution space.

Abstract:
After sketching the basic principles of renewal theory we discuss the classical Poisson process and offer two other processes, namely the renewal process of Mittag-Leffler type and the renewal process of Wright type, so named by us because special functions of Mittag-Leffler and of Wright type appear in the definition of the relevant waiting times. We compare these three processes with each other, furthermore consider corresponding renewal processes with reward and numerically their long-time behaviour.

Abstract:
The Mittag-Leffler function plays a role of central importance in the theory of fractional derivatives. In this brief note we discuss the properties of this function and its connection with the Wright-Bessel functions and with a new family of associated heat polynomials.