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Viscous dark matter growth in (neo-)Newtonian cosmology  [PDF]
H. Velten,D. J. Schwarz,J. C. Fabris,W. Zimdahl
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.103522
Abstract: We assume cold dark matter to possess a small bulk-viscous pressure which typically attenuates the growth of inhomogeneities. Explicit calculations, based on Eckart's theory of dissipative processes, reveal that for viscous cold dark matter the usual Newtonian approximation for perturbation scales smaller than the Hubble scale is no longer valid. We advocate the use of a neo-Newtonian approach which consistently incorporates pressure effects into the fluid dynamics and correctly reproduces the general relativistic dynamics. This result is of interest for numerical simulations of nonlinear structure formation involving nonstandard dark-matter fluids. We obtain upper limits on the magnitude of the viscous pressure by requiring that relevant perturbation amplitudes should grow sufficiently to enter the nonlinear stage.
Dark matter at viscous-gravitational Schwarz scales: theory and observations  [PDF]
Carl H. Gibson
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: The Jeans criterion for the minimum self-gravitational condensation scale is extended to include the possibility of condensation on non-acoustic density nuclei at Schwarz scales, where structure formation begins in the plasma epoch at proto-supercluster masses about 10,000 years after the Big Bang, decreasing to galaxy masses at 300,000 years. Then the plasma universe became relatively inviscid gas and condensed to 10^23-26 kg "primordial fog particle" (PFP) masses. Baryonic dark matter by this theory should be mostly non-aggregated PFPs that persist in galactic halos. Schild (1996) suggests from quasar Q0957+561 microlensing that "rogue planets" are "likely to be the missing mass" of the lens galaxy. Non-baryonic dark matter composed of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) should condense slowly at large viscous Schwarz scales to form galaxy supercluster halos, and massive galaxy cluster halos as observed by Tyson and Fischer (1995) for the rich galaxy cluster Abel 1689.
Dark Matter Halo Merger Histories Beyond Cold Dark Matter: I - Methods and Application to Warm Dark Matter  [PDF]
Andrew J. Benson,Arya Farahi,Shaun Cole,Leonidas A. Moustakas,Adrian Jenkins,Mark Lovell,Rachel Kennedy,John Helly,Carlos Frenk
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts159
Abstract: We describe a methodology to accurately compute halo mass functions, progenitor mass functions, merger rates and merger trees in non-cold dark matter universes using a self-consistent treatment of the generalized extended Press-Schechter formalism. Our approach permits rapid exploration of the subhalo population of galactic halos in dark matter models with a variety of different particle properties or universes with rolling, truncated, or more complicated power spectra. We make detailed comparisons of analytically derived mass functions and merger histories with recent warm dark matter cosmological N-body simulations, and find excellent agreement. We show that, once the accretion of smoothly distributed matter is accounted for, coarse-grained statistics such as the mass accretion history of halos can be almost indistinguishable between cold and warm dark matter cases. However, the halo mass function and progenitor mass functions differ significantly, with the warm dark matter cases being strongly suppressed below the free-streaming scale of the dark matter. We demonstrate the importance of using the correct solution for the excursion set barrier first-crossing distribution in warm dark matter - if the solution for a flat barrier is used instead the truncation of the halo mass function is much slower, leading to an overestimate of the number of low mass halos.
Spontaneous Electro-Weak Symmetry Breaking and Cold Dark Matter
ZHU Shou-Hua,
朱守华

中国物理快报 , 2007,
Abstract: In the standard model, the weak gauge bosons and fermions obtain mass after spontaneous electro-weak symmetry breaking, which is realized by one fundamental scalar field, namely the Higgs field. We study the simplest scalar cold dark matter model in which the scalar cold dark matter also obtains mass by interaction with the weakdoublet Higgs field, in the same way as those of weak gauge bosons and fermions. Our study shows that the correct cold dark matter relic abundance within 3a uncertainty (0.093 〈 Ωdmh^2 〈 0.129) and experimentally allowed Higgs boson mass (114.4 ≤ mh≤ 208 GeV) constrain the scalar dark matter mass within 48 ≤ ms ≤ 78 GeV. This result is in excellent agreement with the result of de Boer et al. (50 ~ 100 GeV). Such a kind of dark matter annihilation can account for the observed gamma rays excess (10σ) at EGRET for energies above 1 GeV in comparison with the expectations from conventional Galactic models. We also investigate other phenomenological consequences of this model. For example, the Higgs boson decays dominantly into scalar cold dark matter if its mass lies within 48 ~ 64 GeV.
Status of Cold Dark Matter Cosmology  [PDF]
Joel R. Primack
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(03)02071-1
Abstract: Cold Dark Matter (CDM) has become the standard modern theory of cosmological structure formation. Its predictions appear to be in good agreement with data on large scales, and it naturally accounts for many properties of galaxies. But despite its many successes, there has been concern about CDM on small scales because of the possible contradiction between the linearly rising rotation curves observed in some dark-matter-dominated galaxies vs. the $1/r$ density cusps at the centers of simulated CDM halos. Other CDM issues on small scales include the very large number of small satellite halos in simulations, far more than the number of small galaxies observed locally, and problems concerning the angular momentum of the baryons in dark matter halos. The latest data and simulations have lessened, although not entirely resolved, these concerns. Meanwhile, the main alternatives to CDM that have been considered to solve these problems, self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) and warm dark matter (WDM), have been found to have serious drawbacks.
Dissipation of dark matter  [PDF]
Hermano Velten,Dominik J. Schwarz
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.083501
Abstract: Fluids often display dissipative properties. We explore dissipation in the form of bulk viscosity in the cold dark matter fluid. We constrain this model using current data from supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations and the cosmic microwave background. Considering the isotropic and homogeneous background only, viscous dark matter is allowed to have a bulk viscosity $\lesssim 10^7$ Pa$\cdot$s, also consistent with the expected integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect (which plagues some models with bulk viscosity). We further investigate the small-scale formation of viscous dark matter halos, which turns out to place significantly stronger constraints on the dark matter viscosity. The existence of dwarf galaxies is guaranteed only for much smaller values of the dark matter viscosity, $\lesssim 10^{-3}$ Pa$\cdot$s.
The structure and evolution of cold dark matter halos  [PDF]
Jürg Diemand,Ben Moore
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1166/asl.2011.1211
Abstract: In the standard cosmological model a mysterious cold dark matter (CDM) component dominates the formation of structures. Numerical studies of the formation of CDM halos have produced several robust results that allow unique tests of the hierarchical clustering paradigm. Universal properties of halos, including their mass profiles and substructure properties are roughly consistent with observational data from the scales of dwarf galaxies to galaxy clusters. Resolving the fine grained structure of halos has enabled us to make predictions for ongoing and planned direct and indirect dark matter detection experiments. While simulations of pure CDM halos are now very accurate and in good agreement (recently claimed discrepancies are addressed in detail in this review), we are still unable to make robust, quantitative predictions about galaxy formation and about how the dark matter distribution changes in the process. Whilst discrepancies between observations and simulations have been the subject of much debate in the literature, galaxy formation and evolution needs to be understood in more detail in order to fully test the CDM paradigm. Whatever the true nature of the dark matter particle is, its clustering properties must not be too different from a cold neutralino like particle to maintain all the successes of the model in matching large scale structure data and the global properties of halos which are mostly in good agreement with observations.
On the nature of dark matter  [PDF]
T. Matos,L. A. Urena-Lopez
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1142/S0218271804006346
Abstract: Dark matter in the universe seems to be one of the most important puzzles science has to face in this moment. In this essay we point out that dark matter could be a spin-0 fundamental interaction of Nature rather than a simple particle. From this hypothesis follows that dark matter behaves just as standard cold dark matter at cosmological level while still in good agreement with observations at galactic scales. This new interaction could be one of the scalar fields predicted by higher-dimensional theories.
Unstable Cold Dark Matter and the Cuspy Halo Problem in Dwarf Galaxies  [PDF]
F. J. Sanchez-Salcedo
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/377092
Abstract: We speculate that the dark halos of dwarf galaxies and low surface brightness galaxies soften their central cusps by the decay of a fraction of cold dark matter (CDM) particles to a stable particle with a recoiling velocity of a few tens km s$^{-1}$, after they have driven the formation of galactic halos. This process, however, does not necessarily produce a significant reduction of the central dark matter density of satellite dwarf spheroidals like Draco or Fornax. It is shown that the recovered distribution of concentration parameters $c$ for the initial (before decay) Navarro-Frenk-White halos, is in good agreement with CDM predictions. Other interesting potentials of unstable CDM are highlighted.
On the density of Cold Dark Matter  [PDF]
A. Melchiorri,J. Silk
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.66.041301
Abstract: The nature of dark matter is increasingly constrained by cosmological data. In this paper, we examine the implications of the Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropy limits on the density of cold dark matter under different theoretical assumptions and combinations of datasets. We infer the constraint $\Omega_{cdm}h^2=0.12\pm0.04$ (at 95% c.l.). The CDM models are compared with the shape of the linear matter power spectrum inferred from the 2dF galaxy redshift survey and with the rms mass fluctuations from recent local cluster observations. We found that a value of $\sigma_8 \sim 1$ as suggested by recent cosmic shear data is not favoured by the CMB data alone nor by combined CMB+SN-Ia, CMB+HST or CMB+2dFGRS analyses. We also extrapolate our bounds on the rms linear mass fluctuations to sub-galactic scales and compare them with recent lensing constraints, finding agreement with the standard $\Lambda$CDM model.
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