Abstract:
We reconsider the thermal scalar Casimir effect for $p$-dimensional rectangular cavity inside $D+1$-dimensional Minkowski space-time. We derive rigorously the regularization of the temperature-dependent part of the free energy by making use of the Abel-Plana formula repeatedly and get the explicit expression of the terms to be subtracted. In the cases of $D$=3, $p$=1 and $D$=3, $p$=3, we precisely recover the results of parallel plates and three-dimensional box in the literature. Furthermore, for $D>p$ and $D=p$ cases with periodic, Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, we give the explicit expressions of the Casimir free energy in both low temperature (small separations) and high temperature (large separations) regimes, through which the asymptotic behavior of the free energy changing with temperature and the side length is easy to see. We find that for $D>p$, with the side length going to infinity, the Casimir free energy tends to positive or negative constants or zero, depending on the boundary conditions. But for $D=p$, the leading term of the Casimir free energy for all three boundary conditions is a logarithmic function of the side length. We also discuss the thermal Casimir force changing with temperature and the side length in different cases and find with the side length going to infinity the force always tends to zero for different boundary conditions regardless of $D>p$ or $D=p$. The Casimir free energy and force at high temperature limit behave asymptotically alike in that they are proportional to the temperature, be they positive (repulsive) or negative (attractive) in different cases. Our study may be helpful in providing a comprehensive and complete understanding of this old problem.

Abstract:
We have proposed a generally covariant non-relativistic particle model that can represent the $\kappa$-Minkowski noncommutative spacetime. The idea is similar in spirit to the noncommutative particle coordinates in the lowest Landau level. Physically our model yields a novel type of dynamical system, (termed here as Exotic "Oscillator"), that obeys a Harmonic Oscillator like equation of motion with a {\it{frequency}} that is proportional to the square root of {\it{energy}}. On the other hand, the phase diagram does not reveal a closed structure since there is a singularity in the momentum even though energy remains finite. The generally covariant form is related to a generalization of the Snyder algebra in a specific gauge and yields the $\kappa $-Minkowski spacetime after a redefinition of the variables. Symmetry considerations are also briefly discussed in the Hamiltonian formulation. Regarding continuous symmetry, the angular momentum acts properly as the generator of rotation. Interestingly, both the discrete symmetries, parity and time reversal, remain intact in the $\kappa$-Minkowski spacetime.

Abstract:
Minkowski elegantly explained the results of special relativity with the creation of a unified four-dimensional spacetime structure, consisting of three space dimensions and one time dimension. Due to its adoption as a foundation for modern physics, a variety of arguments have been proposed over the years attempting to derive this structure from some fundamental physical principle. In this paper, we show how Minkowski spacetime can be interpreted in terms of the geometric properties of three dimensional space when modeled with Clifford multivectors. The unification of space and time within the multivector, then provides a new geometric view on the nature of time.This approach provides a generalization to eight-dimensional spacetime events as well as doubling the size of the Lorentz group allowing an exploration of a more general class of transformation in which the Lorentz transformations form a special case.

Abstract:
Cobalt nanoparticle-based ferrofluid in the presence of an external magnetic field forms a self-assembled hyperbolic metamaterial, which may be described as an effective 3D Minkowski spacetime for extraordinary photons. If the magnetic field is not strong enough, this effective Minkowski spacetime gradually melts under the influence of thermal fluctuations. On the other hand, it may restore itself if the magnetic field is increased back to its original value. Here we present direct microscopic visualization of such a Minkowski spacetime melting/crystallization, which is somewhat similar to hypothesized formation of the Minkowski spacetime in loop quantum cosmology.

Abstract:
We conjecture that the neutral black hole pair production is related to the vacuum fluctuation of pure gravity via the Casimir-like energy. A generalization of this process to a multi-black hole pair is considered. Implications on the foam-like structure of spacetime and on the cosmological constant are discussed.

Abstract:
In [1], we gave a method for constructing Bertrand curves from the spherical curves in 3 dimensional Minkowski space. In this work, we construct the Bertrand curves corresponding to a spacelike geodesic and a null helix in Minkowski 4 spacetime.

Abstract:
The Lorentzian length of a timelike curve connecting both endpoints of a classical computation is a function of the path taken through Minkowski spacetime. The associated runtime difference is due to time-dilation: the phenomenon whereby an observer finds that another's physically identical ideal clock has ticked at a different rate than their own clock. Using ideas appearing in the framework of computational complexity theory, time-dilation is quantified as an algorithmic resource by relating relativistic energy to an $n$th order polynomial time reduction at the completion of an observer's journey. These results enable a comparison between the optimal quadratic \emph{Grover speedup} from quantum computing and an $n=2$ speedup using classical computers and relativistic effects. The goal is not to propose a practical model of computation, but to probe the ultimate limits physics places on computation.

Abstract:
We consider the finite temperature Casimir free energy acting on a spherical shell in (D+1)-dimensional Minkowski spacetime due to the vacuum fluctuations of scalar and electromagnetic fields. Dirichlet, Neumann, perfectly conducting and infinitely permeable boundary conditions are considered. The Casimir free energy is regularized using zeta functional regularization technique. To renormalize the Casimir free energy, we compute the heat kernel coefficients $c_n$, $0\leq n\leq D+1$, from the zeta function $\zeta(s)$. After renormalization, the high temperature leading term of the Casimir free energy is $-c_DT\ln T-T \zeta'(0)/2$. Explicit expressions for the renormalized Casimir free energy and $\zeta'(0)$ are derived. The dependence of the renormalized Casimir free energy on temperature is shown graphically.

Abstract:
We calculate the Casimir effect at finite temperature in Minkowski spacetime by using statistical method, the approximate expressions of the Casimir effect in the low and high temperature limits are also discussed. Then employing some general properties of the renormalized stress tensor, we obtain the Casimir energy stress tensor in Hartle--Hawking state.

Abstract:
We study the integrability of the equations of motion for the Nambu-Goto strings with a cohomogeneity-one symmetry in Minkowski spacetime. A cohomogeneity-one string has a world surface which is tangent to a Killing vector field. By virtue of the Killing vector, the equations of motion can be reduced to the geodesic equation in the orbit space. Cohomogeneity-one strings are classified into seven classes (Types I to VII). We investigate the integrability of the geodesic equations for all the classes and find that the geodesic equations are integrable. For Types I to VI, the integrability comes from the existence of Killing vectors on the orbit space which are the projections of Killing vectors on Minkowski spacetime. For Type VII, the integrability is related to a projected Killing vector and a nontrivial Killing tensor on the orbit space. We also find that the geodesic equations of all types are exactly solvable, and show the solutions.