Abstract:
We study the Glauber dynamics of Ising spin models with random bonds, on finitely connected random graphs. We generalize a recent dynamical replica theory with which to predict the evolution of the joint spin-field distribution, to include random graphs with arbitrary degree distributions. The theory is applied to Ising ferromagnets on randomly diluted Bethe lattices, where we study the evolution of the magnetization and the internal energy. It predicts a prominent slowing down of the flow in the Griffiths phase, it suggests a further dynamical transition at lower temperatures within the Griffiths phase, and it is verified quantitatively by the results of Monte Carlo simulations.

Abstract:
We study systems without quenched disorder with a complex landscape, and we use replica symmetry theory to describe them. We discuss the Golay-Bernasconi-Derrida approximation of the low autocorrelation model, and we reconstruct it by using replica calculations. Then we consider the full model, its low $T$ properties (with the help of number theory) and a Hartree-Fock resummation of the high-temperature series. We show that replica theory allows to solve the model in the high $T$ phase. Our solution is based on one-link integral techniques, and is based on substituting a Fourier transform with a generic unitary transformation. We discuss this approach as a powerful tool to describe systems with a complex landscape in the absence of quenched disorder.

Abstract:
We present a series of simple, largely analytical models to compute the effects of disruption on the mass function of star clusters. Our calculations include evaporation by two-body relaxation and gravitational shocks and mass loss by stellar evolution. We find that, for a wide variety of initial conditions, the mass function develops a turnover or peak and that, after 12 Gyr, this is remarkably close to the observed peak for globular clusters, at M_p = 2 10^5 solar masses. Below the peak, the evolution is dominated by two-body relaxation, and the mass function always develops a tail of the form psi(M) = const, reflecting that the masses of tidally limited clusters decrease linearly with time just before they are destroyed. This also agrees well with the empirical mass function of globular clusters in the Milky Way. Above the peak, the evolution is dominated by stellar evolution at early times and gravitational shocks at late times. These processes shift the mass function to lower masses while nearly preserving its shape. The radial variation of the mass function within a galaxy depends on the initial position-velocity distribution of the clusters. We find that some radial anisotropy in the initial velocity distribution, especially when this increases outward, is needed to account for the observed near-uniformity of the mass functions of globular clusters. This may be consistent with the observed near-isotropy of the present velocity distributions because clusters on elongated orbits are preferentially destroyed. These results are based on models with static, spherical galactic potentials. We point out that there would be even more radial mixing of the orbits and hence more uniformity of the mass function if the galactic potentials were time-dependent and/or non-spherical.

Abstract:
The critical behaviour of the dynamical transition of glassy system is controlled by a Replica Symmetric action with n=1 replicas. The most divergent diagrams in the loop expansion correspond at all orders to the solutions of a stochastic equation leading to perturbative dimensional reduction. The theory describe accurately numerical simulations of mean-field models.

Abstract:
We present a new method to solve the dynamics of disordered spin systems on finite time-scales. It involves a closed driven diffusion equation for the joint spin-field distribution, with time-dependent coefficients described by a dynamical replica theory which, in the case of detailed balance, incorporates equilibrium replica theory as a stationary state. The theory is exact in various limits. We apply our theory to both the symmetric- and the non-symmetric Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin-glass, and show that it describes the (numerical) experiments very well.

Abstract:
This paper is the fourth one of a series whose chief objective is studying the influence of different mass spectra on the dynamical evolution of open star clusters. Results from several N-body calculations with primordial binaries and mass loss due to stellar evolution are presented. The models show significant differences with those for primordial binaries but no stellar mass loss presented in de la Fuente Marcos (1996b). A differential dynamical behaviour depending on cluster richness is found compared to de la Fuente Marcos (1996a). The evolution of these realistic models is very dependent on the initial mass function. Even for rich clusters, there is a dependence on the binary mass spectrum. The velocity distribution of the escapers is examined and compared with results from previous calculations. The evolution of the primordial binary population is analyzed in detail. The cluster remnant and the final binary population are also studied. Finally, some conclusions about observational properties of Open Cluster Remnants are presented.

Abstract:
We investigate the detection dynamics of the Gibbs sampler for code-division multiple access (CDMA) multiuser detection. Our approach is based upon dynamical replica theory which allows an analytic approximation to the dynamics. We use this tool to investigate the basins of attraction when phase coexistence occurs and examine its efficacy via comparison with Monte Carlo simulations.

Abstract:
We have investigated the nature of the dynamical behaviour in low autocorrelation binary sequences. These models do have a glass transition $T_G$ of a purely dynamical nature. Above the glass transition the dynamics is not fully ergodic and relaxation times diverge like a power law $\tau\sim (T-T_G)^{-\gamma}$ with $\gamma$ close to $2$. Approaching the glass transition the relaxation slows down in agreement with the first order nature of the dynamical transition. Below the glass transition the system exhibits aging phenomena like in disordered spin glasses. We propose the aging phenomena as a precise method to determine the glass transition and its first order nature.

Abstract:
In this paper we show the results of a large set of N-body simulations modelling the evolution of globular clusters driven by relaxation,stellar evolution,disk shocking and including the effects of the tidal field of the Galaxy. We investigate the evolution of multi-mass models with a power-law initial mass function (IMF) starting with different initial masses, concentrations, slopes of the IMF and located at different galactocentric distances. We show to what extent the effects of the various evolutionary processes alter the shape of the IMF and to what extent these changes depend on the position of the cluster in the Galaxy. Both the changes in the global mass function and in the local one (measured at different distances from the cluster center) are investigated showing whether and where the local mass function keeps memory of the IMF and where it provides a good indication of the current global mass function. The evolution of the population of white dwarfs is also followed in detail and we supply an estimate of the fraction of the current value of the total mass expected to be in white dwarfs depending on the main initial conditions for the cluster (mass and position in the Galaxy).Simple analytical expression by which it is possible to calculate the main quantities of interest (total mass, fraction of white dwarfs, slope of the mass function) at any time t for a larger number of different initial conditions than those investigated numerically have been derived.

Abstract:
Within the Replica Symmetry Breaking (RSB) framework developed by M.Mezard and G.Parisi we investigate the occurrence of structural glass transitions in a model of fluid characterized by hard sphere repulsion together with short range attraction. This model is appropriate for the description of a class of colloidal suspensions. The transition line in the density-temperature plane displays a reentrant behavior, in agreement with Mode Coupling Theory (MCT), a dynamical approach based on the Mori-Zwanzig formalism. Quantitative differences are however found, together with the absence of the predicted glass-glass transition at high density. We also perform a systematic study of the pure hard sphere fluid in order to ascertain the accuracy of the adopted method and the convergence of the numerical procedure.