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Calibration and Performance of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter  [PDF]
Bernardo Sotto-Maior Peralva
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The Tile Calorimeter (TileCal) is the hadronic calorimeter covering the most central region of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. It is a key detector for the measurement of hadrons, jets, tau leptons and missing transverse energy. The TileCal calibration system comprises radioactive source, laser and charge injection elements and it allows to monitor and equalize the calorimeter response at each stage of the signal production, from scintillation light to digitization. This contribution presents a brief description of the different TileCal calibration systems as well as the latest results on their performance in terms of calibration factors, linearity and stability. The performance of the Tile Calorimeter with the cosmic muons and collision data is also presented, including the absolute energy scale, time resolution and associated stabilities.
The ATLAS Tile Calorimeter Calibration and Performance  [PDF]
Chris Meyer,for the ATLAS Collaboration
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20136020051
Abstract: A brief summary of the hadronic calorimeter calibration systems and performance results, in the ATLAS detector at the LHC is given.
Readiness of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter for LHC collisions  [PDF]
The ATLAS Collaboration
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1508-y
Abstract: The Tile hadronic calorimeter of the ATLAS detector has undergone extensive testing in the experimental hall since its installation in late 2005. The readout, control and calibration systems have been fully operational since 2007 and the detector successfully collected data from the LHC single beams in 2008 and first collisions in 2009. This paper gives an overview of the Tile Calorimeter performance as measured using random triggers, calibration data, data from cosmic ray muons and single beam data. The detector operation status, noise characteristics and performance of the calibration systems are presented, as well as the validation of the timing and energy calibration carried out with minimum ionising cosmic ray muons data. The calibration systems' precision is well below the design of 1%. The determination of the global energy scale was performed with an uncertainty of 4%.
The ATLAS Tile Calorimeter performance at LHC in pp collisions at 7 TeV  [cached]
Bertolucci Federico
EPJ Web of Conferences , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20122812024
Abstract: The Tile Calorimeter (TileCal), the central section of the hadronic calorimeter of the ATLAS experiment, is a key detector component to detect hadrons, jets and taus and to measure the missing transverse energy. Due to the very good muon signal to noise ratio it assists the muon spectrometer in the identification and reconstruction of muons. The performance of the calorimeter has been measured and monitored using calibration data, random triggered data, cosmic muons, splash events and more importantly LHC collision events. The results presented assess the absolute energy scale calibration precision, the energy and timing uniformity and the synchronization precision. The results demonstrate a very good understanding of the performance of the Tile Calorimeter that is well within the design expectations.
The ATLAS Tile Calorimeter Test Beam Monitoring Program  [PDF]
Paolo Adragna,Andrea Dotti,Chiara Roda
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: During 2003 test beam session for ATLAS Tile Calorimeter a monitoring program has been developed to ease the setup of correct running condition and the assessment of data quality. The program has been built using the Online Software services provided by the ATLAS Online Software group. The first part of this note contains a brief overview of these services followed by the full description of Tile Calorimeter monitoring program architecture and features. Performances and future upgrades are discussed in the final part of this note.
ATLAS Tile Calorimeter Readout Electronics Upgrade Program for the High Luminosity LHC  [PDF]
A. S. Cerqueira
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The Tile Calorimeter (TileCal) is the hadronic calorimeter covering the most central region of the ATLAS experiment at LHC. The TileCal readout consists of about 10000 channels. The ATLAS upgrade program is divided in three phases: The Phase~0 occurs during 2013-2014, Phase~1 during 2018-1019 and finally Phase~2, which is foreseen for 2022-2023, whereafter the peak luminosity will reach 5-7 x 10$^{34}$ cm$^2$s$^{-1}$ (HL-LHC). The main TileCal upgrade is focused on the Phase~2 period. The upgrade aims at replacing the majority of the on- and off-detector electronics so that all calorimeter signals are directly digitized and sent to the off-detector electronics in the counting room. All new electronics must be able to cope with the increased radiation levels. An ambitious upgrade development program is pursued to study different electronics options. Three options are presently being investigated for the front-end electronic upgrade. The first option is an improved version of the present system built using commercial components, the second alternative is based on the development of a dedicated ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) and the third is the development of a new version of the QIE (Charge Integrator and Encoder) based on the one developed for Fermilab. All three options will use the same readout and control system using high speed (up to 40 Gb/s) links for communication and clock synchronization. For the off-detector electronics a new back-end architecture is being developed. A demonstrator prototype read-out for a slice of the calorimeter with most of the new electronics, but still compatible with the present system, is planned to be inserted in ATLAS already in mid 2014 (at the end of the Phase~0 upgrade).
Hadronic Calibration of the ATLAS Liquid Argon End-Cap Calorimeter in the Pseudorapidity Region 1.6 < |eta| < 1.8 in Beam Tests  [PDF]
C. Cojocaru,J. Pinfold,J. Soukup,M. Vincter,V. Datskov,A. Fedorov,S. Golubykh,N. Javadov,V. Kalinnikov,S. Kakurin,M. Kazarinov,V. Kukhtin,E. Ladygin,A. Lazarev,A. Neganov,I. Pisarev,N. Rousakovitch,E. Serochkin,S. Shilov,A. Shalyugin,Yu. Usov,D. Bruncko,R. Chytracek,E. Kladiva,P. Strizenec,F. Barreiro,G. Garcia,F. Labarga,S. Rodier,J. del Peso,M. Heldmann,K. Jakobs,L. Koepke,R. Othegraven,D. Schroff,J. Thomas,C. Zeitnitz,P. Barrillon,C. Benchouk,F. Djama,F. Henry-Couannier,L. Hinz,F. Hubaut,E. Monnier,C. Olivier,P. Pralavorio,M. Raymond,D. Sauvage,C. Serfon,S. Tisserant,J. Toth,G. Azuelos,C. Leroy,R. Mehdiyev,A. Akimov,M. Blagov,A. Komar,A. Snesarev,M. Speransky,V. Sulin,M. Yakimenko,M. Aderholz,T. Barillari,H. Bartko,W. Cwienk,A. Fischer,J. Habring,J. Huber,A. Karev,A. Kiryunin,L. Kurchaninov,S. Menke,P. Mooshofer,H. Oberlack,D. Salihagic,P. Schacht,T. Chen,J. Ping,M. Qi,W. Aoulthenko,V. Kazanin,G. Kolatchev,W. Malychev,A. Maslennikov,G. Pospelov,R. Snopkov,A. Shousharo,A. Soukharev,A. Talychev,Y. Tikhonov,S. Chekulaev,S. Denisov,M. Levitsky,A. Minaenko,G. Mitrofanov,A. Moiseev,A. Pleskatch,V. Sytnik,L. Zakamsky,M. Losty,C. J. Oram,M. Wielers,P. S. Birney,M. Fincke-Keeler,I. Gable,T. A. Hodges,T. Hughes,T. Ince,N. Kanaya,R. K. Keeler,R. Langstaff,M. Lefebvre,M. Lenckowski,R. McPherson,H. M. Braun,J. Thadome
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.05.133
Abstract: A full azimuthal phi-wedge of the ATLAS liquid argon end-cap calorimeter has been exposed to beams of electrons, muons and pions in the energy range 6 GeV <= E <= 200 GeV at the CERN SPS. The angular region studied corresponds to the ATLAS impact position around the pseudorapidity interval 1.6 < |eta| < 1.8. The beam test set-up is described. A detailed study of the performance is given as well as the related intercalibration constants obtained. Following the ATLAS hadronic calibration proposal, a first study of the hadron calibration using a weighting ansatz is presented. The results are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo simulations, based on GEANT 3 and GEANT 4 models.
Commissioning of the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter  [PDF]
S. Laplace
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.09.108
Abstract: The in-situ commissioning of the ATLAS liquid argon calorimeter is taking place since three years. During this period, it has been fully tested by means of frequent calibration runs, and the analysis of the large cosmic muon data samples and of the few beam splash events that occurred on September 10th, 2008. This has allowed to obtain a stable set of calibration constants for the first collisions, and to measure the in-situ calorimeter performances that were found to be at the expected level.
Readiness of the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter for LHC Collisions  [PDF]
The ATLAS Collaboration
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1354-y
Abstract: The ATLAS liquid argon calorimeter has been operating continuously since August 2006. At this time, only part of the calorimeter was readout, but since the beginning of 2008, all calorimeter cells have been connected to the ATLAS readout system in preparation for LHC collisions. This paper gives an overview of the liquid argon calorimeter performance measured in situ with random triggers, calibration data, cosmic muons, and LHC beam splash events. Results on the detector operation, timing performance, electronics noise, and gain stability are presented. High energy deposits from radiative cosmic muons and beam splash events allow to check the intrinsic constant term of the energy resolution. The uniformity of the electromagnetic barrel calorimeter response along eta (averaged over phi) is measured at the percent level using minimum ionizing cosmic muons. Finally, studies of electromagnetic showers from radiative muons have been used to cross-check the Monte Carlo simulation. The performance results obtained using the ATLAS readout, data acquisition, and reconstruction software indicate that the liquid argon calorimeter is well-prepared for collisions at the dawn of the LHC era.
Tile Calorimeter Upgrade Program for the Luminosity Increasing at the LHC  [PDF]
A. S. Cerqueira,for the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter System
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The Tile Calorimeter (TileCal) is the central hadronic calorimeter of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC is scheduled to undergo a major upgrade, in 2022, for the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). The ATLAS upgrade program for high luminosity is split into three phases: Phase-0 occurred during $2013-2014$ and prepared the LHC for Run 2; Phase-I, foreseen for 2019, will prepare the LHC for Run 3, whereafter the peak luminosity reaches $2-3 \times 10^{34}$ cm$^{2}s^{-1}$; finally, Phase-II, which is foreseen for 2024, will prepare the collider for the HL-LHC operation ($5-7 \times 10^{34}$ cm$^{2}s^{-1}$). The TileCal main activities for Phase-0 were the installation of the new low voltage power supplies and the activation of the TileCal third layer signal for assisting the muon trigger at $1.0<|\eta|<1.3$ (TileMuon Project). In Phase-II, a major upgrade in the TileCal readout electronics is planned. Except for the photomultipliers tubes (PMTs), most of the on- and off-detector electronics will be replaced, with the aim of digitizing all PMT pulses at the front-end level. This work describes the TileCal upgrade activities, focusing on the TileMuon Project and the new on-detector electronics.
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