Abstract:
We analyse the generation of quantum discord by means of the dynamical Casimir effect in superconducting waveguides modulated by superconducting quantum interferometric devices. We show that for realistic experimental parameters, the conditions for the existence of quantum discord are less demanding than the previously considered for quantum entanglement or non-classicality. The states with non-zero discord and zero entanglement generated by the dynamical Casimir effect are a useful resource for quantum cryptography.

Abstract:
We demonstrate the first fully controlled generation of immobile and slow spatial gap solitons in nonlinear periodic systems with band-gap spectra, and reveal the key features of gap solitons which distinguish them from conventional counterparts, including a dynamical transformation of gap solitons due to nonlinear inter-band coupling. We also predict theoretically and confirm experimentally the effect of anomalous steering of gap solitons in optically-induced photonic lattices.

Abstract:
We show that the physics underlying the dynamical Casimir effect may generate multipartite quantum correlations. To achieve it, we propose a circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED) scenario involving superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs), cavities, and superconducting qubits, also called artificial atoms. Our results predict the generation of highly entangled states for two and three superconducting qubits in different geometric configurations with realistic parameters. This proposal paves the way for a scalable method of multipartite entanglement generation in cavity networks through dynamical Casimir physics.

Abstract:
We consider the interaction of a qubit with a single mode of the quantized electromagnetic field and show that, in the ultrastrong coupling regime and when the qubit-field interaction is switched on abruptly, the dynamical Casimir effect leads to the generation of a variety of exotic states of the field, which cannot be simply described as squeezed states. Such effect also appears when initially both the qubit and the field are in their ground state. The non-classicality of the obtained exotic states is characterized by means of a parameter based on the volume of the negative part of the Wigner function. A transition to non-classical states is observed by changing either the interaction strength or the interaction time. The observed phenomena appear as a general feature of nonadiabatic quantum gates, so that the dynamical Casimir effect can be the origin of a fundamental upper limit to the maximum speed of quantum computation and communication protocols.

Abstract:
We investigate the dynamical Casimir effect in a coplanar waveguide (CPW) terminated by a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). Changing the magnetic flux through the SQUID parametrically modulates the boundary condition of the CPW, and thereby, its effective length. Effective boundary velocities comparable to the speed of light in the CPW result in broadband photon generation which is identical to the one calculated in the dynamical Casimir effect for a single oscillating mirror. We estimate the power of the radiation for realistic parameters and show that it is experimentally feasible to directly detect this nonclassical broadband radiation.

Abstract:
Casimir forces can appear between intrusions placed in different media driven by several fluctuation mechanisms, either in equilibrium or out of it. Herein, we develop a general formalism to obtain such forces from the dynamical equations of the fluctuating medium, the statistical properties of the driving noise, and the boundary conditions of the intrusions (which simulate the interaction between the intrusions and the medium). As a result, an explicit formula for the Casimir force over the intrusions is derived. This formalism contains the thermal Casimir effect as a particular limit and generalizes the study of the Casimir effect to such systems through their dynamical equations, with no appeal to their Hamiltonian, if any exists. In particular, we study the Casimir force between two infinite parallel plates with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions, immersed in several media with finite correlation lengths (reaction--diffusion system, liquid crystals, and two coupled fields with non-Hermitian evolution equations). The driving Gaussian noises have vanishing or finite spatial or temporal correlation lengths; in the first case, equilibrium is reobtained and finite correlations produce nonequilibrium dynamics. The results obtained show that, generally, nonequilibrium dynamics leads to Casimir forces, whereas Casimir forces are obtained in equilibrium dynamics if the stress tensor is anisotropic.

Abstract:
Emission of photon pairs by an interface of asymmetric dielectric and thin metal film excited by a normally falling plane wave is considered. The excitation causes oscillations in time of the phase velocity of surface plasmon polaritons in the interface. This leads to the dynamical Casimir effect - the generation of pairs of surface plasmon polariton quanta, which transfer to photons outside the interface. In case of a properly chosen interface, the yield of two-photon emission may exceed that of usual spontaneous parametric down conversion.

Abstract:
It has been suggested by various authors that the `dynamical Casimir effect' might prove responsible for the production of visible-light photons in the bubble collapse which occurs in sonoluminescence. Previously, I have argued against this point of view based on energetic considerations, in the adiabatic approximation. Those arguments have recently been strengthened by the demonstration of the equivalence between van der Waals and Casimir energies. In this note I concentrate on the other extreme possibility, that of the validity of the `sudden approximation' where in effect the bubble instantaneously ceases to exist. Previous estimates which seemed to support the relevance of the Casimir effect are shown to be unconvincing because they require macroscopic changes on excessively small time scales, involving the entire volume of the bubble at maximum radius.

Abstract:
In this paper we study the one dimensional dynamical Casimir effect. We consider a one dimensional cavity formed by two mirrors, one of which performs an oscillatory motion with a frequency resonant with the cavity. The naive solution, perturbative in powers of the amplitude, contains secular terms. Therefore it is valid only in the short time limit. Using a renormalization group technique to resum these terms, we obtain an improved analytical solution which is valid for longer times. We discuss the generation of peaks in the density energy profile and show that the total energy inside the cavity increases exponentially.

Abstract:
We develop a unified scattering approach to dynamical Casimir problems which can be applied to both accelerating boundaries, as well as dispersive objects in relative motion. A general (trace) formula is derived for the radiation from accelerating boundaries. Applications are provided for objects with different shapes in various dimensions, and undergoing rotational or linear motion. Within this framework, photon generation is discussed in the context of a modulated optical mirror. For dispersive objects, we find general results solely in terms of the scattering matrix. Specifically, we discuss the vacuum friction on a rotating object, and the friction on an atom moving parallel to a surface.