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Searches for Sterile Neutrinos at Reactor  [PDF]
L. A. Mikaelyan,V. V. Sinev
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We show that in a reactor disappearance oscillation experiment the sensitivity to the mixing parameter can be substantially improved for $(1 - 5\cdot10^{-4}) eV^{2}$ mass parameter range which includes both the LSND and the atmospheric neutrino oscillation regions. The objectives are: to search for the sterile neutrinos and to get a better understanding of the atmospheric neutrino oscillation mechanism. The parameters of the underground (600 m.w.e.) Krasnoyarsk reactor and data from the CHOOZ reactor oscillation experiment are used to estimate the effect and background rates.
Searches for sterile neutrinos with IceCube DeepCore  [PDF]
Soebur Razzaque,A. Yu. Smirnov
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.093010
Abstract: We show that study of the atmospheric neutrinos in the 10--100 GeV energy range by DeepCore sub-array of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory can substantially constrain the mixing of sterile neutrinos of mass $\sim 1$ eV with active neutrinos. In the scheme with one sterile neutrino we calculate $\nu_\mu-$ and $\bar{\nu}_\mu-$ oscillation probabilities as well as zenith angle distributions of $\nu_\mu^{CC}$ events in different energy intervals in DeepCore. The distributions depend on the mass hierarchy of active neutrinos. Therefore, in principle, the hierarchy can be identified, if $\nu_s$ exists. After a few years of exposure the DeepCore data will allow to exclude the mixing $|U_{\mu 4}|^2 \geq 0.02$ indicated by the LSND/MiniBooNE results. Combination of the DeepCore and high energy IceCube data will further improve sensitivity to $\nu_s$ mixing parameters.
Imprints of CP violation induced by sterile neutrinos in T2K data  [PDF]
N. Klop,A. Palazzo
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.91.073017
Abstract: We investigate the impact of light ($\sim$ eV) sterile neutrinos in the long-baseline experiment T2K. We show that, within the 3+1 scheme, for mass-mixing parameters suggested by the short-baseline anomalies, the interference among the sterile and the atmospheric oscillation frequencies induces a new term in the $\nu_\mu \to \nu_e$ transition probability, which has the same order of magnitude of the standard 3-flavor solar-atmospheric interference term. We show, for the first time, that current T2K data, taken together with the results of the $\theta_{13}$-dedicated reactor experiments, are sensitive to two of the three CP-violating phases involved in the 3+1 scheme. Both the standard CP-phase and the new one ($\delta_{13} \equiv \delta$ and $\delta_{14}$ in our parameterization choice) tend to have a common best fit value $\delta_{13} \simeq \delta_{14} \simeq -\pi/2$. Quite intriguingly, the inclusion of sterile neutrino effects leads to better agreement between the two estimates of $\theta_{13}$ obtained, respectively, from reactors and T2K, which in the 3-flavor framework are slightly different.
Sterile neutrinos and indirect dark matter searches in IceCube  [PDF]
Carlos A. Arguelles,Joachim Kopp
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/07/016
Abstract: If light sterile neutrinos exist and mix with the active neutrino flavors, this mixing will affect the propagation of high-energy neutrinos from dark matter annihilation in the Sun. In particular, new Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein resonances can occur, leading to almost complete conversion of some active neutrino flavors into sterile states. We demonstrate how this can weaken IceCube limits on neutrino capture and annihilation in the Sun and how potential future conflicts between IceCube constraints and direct detection or collider data might be resolved by invoking sterile neutrinos. We also point out that, if the dark matter--nucleon scattering cross section and the allowed annihilation channels are precisely measured in direct detection and collider experiments in the future, IceCube can be used to constrain sterile neutrino models using neutrinos from the dark matter annihilation.
Searching for Sterile Neutrinos at MINOS  [PDF]
Ashley Timmons
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: MINOS is a two-detector on-axis experiment based at Fermilab. The NuMI neutrino beam encounters the MINOS Near Detector 1 km downstream before travelling 734 km through the Earth's crust, to reach the Far Detector located at the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Northern Minnesota. By searching for oscillations driven by a large mass splitting, MINOS is sensitive to the existence of sterile neutrinos. This poster will present results of a search for sterile neutrinos that is sensitive to the parameter space suggested by LSND and MiniBooNE. Both charged current numu and neutral current neutrino interactions are analysed in a 3+1 model. This MINOS search for numu disappearance complements other previous experimental searches for sterile neutrinos in the numu to nue appearance channel.
Searches for sterile component with solar neutrinos and KamLAND  [PDF]
P. C. de Holanda,A. Yu. Smirnov
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: Possible mixing of the active and sterile neutrinos has been considered both in the single Delta m^2 approximation and in the case of more than one Delta m^2. We perform global fit of the available solar neutrino data with free boron neutrino flux in the single Delta m^2 context. The best fit value corresponds to zero fraction of sterile component eta=0. We get the upper bounds: eta<0.26 (0.64) at 1\sigma (3 sigma). Due to degeneracy of parameters no one individual experiment restricts eta. The bound appears as an interplay of the SNO and Gallium as well as SuperKamiokande data. Future measurements of the NC/CC ratio at SNO can strengthen the bound down to eta<0.5 (3 sigma). If KamLAND confirms the LMA solution with its best fit point a combined analysis of the KamLAND and solar neutrino results will lead to eta<0.19 (0.56) at 1 sigma (3 sigma). We find that existence of sterile neutrino can explain the intermediate value of suppression of the KamLAND event rate: R_{KL}~0.75-0.90 in the case when more than one Delta m^2 is involved.
The NESSiE way to searches for sterile neutrinos at FNAL  [PDF]
L. Stanco,A. Anokhina,A. Bagulya,M. Benettoni,P. Bernardini,R. Brugnera,M. Calabrese,A. Cecchetti,S. Cecchini,M. Chernyavskiy,P. Creti,F. Dal Corso,O. Dalkarov,A. Del Prete,G. De Robertis,M. De Serio,L. Degli Esposti,D. Di Ferdinando,S. Dusini,T. Dzhatdoev,C. Fanin,R. A. Fini,G. Fiore,A. Garfagnini,S. Golovanov,M. Guerzoni,B. Klicek,U. Kose,K. Jakovcic,G. Laurenti,I. Lippi,F. Loddo,A. Longhin,M. Malenica,G. Mancarella,G. Mandriol,A. Margiotta,G. Marsella,N. Mauri,E. Medinaceli,A. Mengucci,R. Mingazheva,O. Morgunova,M. T. Muciaccia,M. Nessi,D. Orecchini,A. Paoloni,G. Papadia,L. Paparella,L. Pasqualini,A. Pastore,L. Patrizii,N. Polukhina,M. Pozzato,M. Roda,T. Roganova,G. Rosa,Z. Sahnoun,S. Simone,C. Sirignano,G. Sirri,M. Spurio,N. Starkov,M. Stipcevic,A. Surdo,M. Tenti,V. Togo,M. Ventura,M. Vladymyrov
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: Neutrino physics is nowadays receiving more and more attention as a possible source of information for the long-standing problem of new physics beyond the Standard Model. The recent measurement of the mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ in the standard mixing oscillation scenario encourages us to pursue the still missing results on leptonic CP violation and absolute neutrino masses. However, puzzling measurements exist that deserve an exhaustive evaluation. The NESSiE Collaboration has been setup to undertake conclusive experiments to clarify the muon-neutrino disappearance measurements at small $L/E$, which will be able to put severe constraints to models with more than the three-standard neutrinos, or even to robustly measure the presence of a new kind of neutrino oscillation for the first time. To this aim the use of the current FNAL-Booster neutrino beam for a Short-Baseline experiment has been carefully evaluated. Its recent proposal refers to the use of magnetic spectrometers at two different sites, Near and Far ones. Their positions have been extensively studied, together with the possible performances of two OPERA-like spectrometers. The proposal is constrained by availability of existing hardware and a time-schedule compatible with the undergoing project of a multi-site Liquid-Argon detectors at FNAL. The experiment to be possibly setup at Booster will allow to definitively clarify the current $\nu_{\mu}$ disappearance tension with $\nu_{e}$ appearance and disappearance at the eV mass scale.
Searches for Active and Sterile Neutrinos in Beta-Ray Spectra  [PDF]
Otokar Dragoun,Drahoslav Vénos
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Although neutrinos are probably the most abundant particles of the universe their mass is yet unknown. The oscillation experiments proved that at least one of the neutrino mass states is heavier than 0.05 eV. Strongly model dependent interpretations of cosmological observations yielded for the sum of the neutrino mass states the values between 0.12 and 1.7 eV. The almost model independent analyses of measured tritium \b{eta}- spectra provided the upper limit of the effective electron neutrino mass of 2 eV. The upcoming KATRIN experiment aims to achieve ten times higher sensitivity. In this review, we try to summarize the experience of two generations of \b{eta}-ray spectroscopists who improved the limit of the neutrino mass by three orders of magnitude. We describe important steps in the development of radioactive sources and electron spectrometers, and recapitulate the lessons from now disproved claims for the neutrino of 30 eV mass and the 17 keV neutrino with an admixture larger than 0.07 %. We also pay attention to new experimental approaches as well as to searches for hypothetical eV and keV sterile neutrinos.
Consistent analysis of the $ν_μ\to ν_e$ sterile neutrinos searches of ICARUS and OPERA  [PDF]
Antonio Palazzo
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.91.091301
Abstract: The two long-baseline experiments ICARUS and OPERA have recently provided bounds on light ($\sim$ eV) sterile neutrinos exploiting the negative results of the $\nu_\mu \to \nu_e$ appearance searches. Both collaborations have performed the data analysis using an effective 2-flavor description. We show that such a simplified treatment neglects sizable genuine 4-flavor effects, which are induced by the interference of the new large squared-mass splitting $\Delta m^2 _{14}$ with the atmospheric one. The inclusion in the data analysis of such effects weakens the upper bounds on the effective appearance amplitude $\sin^2 2\theta_{\mu e}$ approximately by a factor of two. In addition, we evidence that, in a 4-flavor scheme, the flavor oscillations involve also the $\nu_e$ component of the CNGS beam and can suppress the theoretical expectation of the background in a substantial way. The inclusion in the data analysis of the $\nu_e$ disappearance effects leads to a further weakening of the upper bounds on $\sin^2 2\theta_{\mu e}$, which overall are relaxed by a factor of three with respect to those obtained in the effective 2-flavor description.
Optimization of a Very Low Energy Neutrino Factory for the Disappearance Into Sterile Neutrinos  [PDF]
Walter Winter
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.113005
Abstract: We discuss short-baseline electron and muon neutrino disappearance searches into sterile neutrinos at a Very Low Energy Neutrino Factory (VLENF) with a muon energy between about two and four GeV. A lesson learned from reactor experiments, such as Double Chooz and Daya Bay, is to use near and far detectors with identical technologies to reduce the systematical errors. We therefore derive the physics results from a combined near-far detector fit and illustrate that uncertainties on cross sections x efficiencies can be eliminated in a self-consistent way. We also include the geometry of the setup, i.e., the extension of the decay straight and the muon decay kinematics relevant at the near detector, and we demonstrate that these affect the sensitivities for Delta m^2 > 30 eV^2, where oscillations take place already in the near detector. Compared to appearance searches, we find that the sensitivity depends on the locations of both detectors and the muon energy, where the near detector should be as close as possible to the source, and the far detector at about 500 to 800m. In order to exclude the currently preferred parameter region, at least 10^19 useful muon decays per polarity are needed for E_mu=2 GeV, or, alternatively, a higher muon energy can be used.
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