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Relativistic, model-independent, multichannel $2\to2$ transition amplitudes in a finite volume  [PDF]
Raúl A. Brice?o,Maxwell T. Hansen
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We derive formalism for determining $\textbf{2} + \mathcal J \to \textbf{2}$ infinite-volume transition amplitudes from finite-volume matrix elements. Specifically, we present a relativistic, model-independent relation between finite-volume matrix elements of external currents and the physically observable infinite-volume matrix elements involving two-particle asymptotic states. The result presented holds for states composed of two scalar bosons. These can be identical or non-identical and, in the latter case, can be either degenerate or non-degenerate. We further accommodate any number of strongly-coupled two-scalar channels. This formalism will, for example, allow future lattice QCD calculations of the $\rho$-meson form factor, in which the unstable nature of the $\rho$ is rigorously accommodated.
Two-particle multichannel systems in a finite volume with arbitrary spin  [PDF]
Raul A. Briceno
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.074507
Abstract: The quantization condition for two-particle systems with arbitrary number of two-body open coupled channels, spin, momentum, and masses in a finite volume with either periodic or twisted boundary conditions is presented. Although emphasis is placed in cubic volumes, the result holds for asymmetric volumes. The result is relativistic, holds for all momenta below the three- and four-particle thresholds, and is exact up to exponential volume corrections that are governed by L/r, where L is the spatial extent of the volume and r is the range of the interactions between the particles. For hadronic systems the range of the interaction is set by the inverse of the pion mass, m_pi, and as a result the formalism presented is suitable for m_pi L >> 1. The condition presented is in agreement with all previous studies of two-body systems in a finite volume. Implications of the formalism for the studies of multichannel baryon-baryon systems are discussed.
Multichannel one-to-two transition amplitudes in a finite volume  [PDF]
Raúl A. Brice?o,Maxwell T. Hansen,André Walker-Loud
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.91.034501
Abstract: We perform a model-independent, non-perturbative investigation of two-point and three-point finite-volume correlation functions in the energy regime where two-particle states can go on-shell. We study three-point functions involving a single incoming particle and an outgoing two-particle state, relevant, for example, for studies of meson decays (e.g., B-to-pi Kll) or meson photo production (e.g., pi gamma-to-pi pi). We observe that, while the spectrum solely depends on the on-shell scattering amplitude, the correlation functions also depend on off-shell amplitudes. The main result of this work is a generalization of the Lellouch-Luscher formula relating matrix elements of currents in finite and infinite spatial volumes. We extend that work by considering a theory with multiple, strongly-coupled channels and by accommodating external currents which inject arbitrary four-momentum as well as arbitrary angular momentum. The result is exact up to exponentially suppressed corrections governed by the pion mass times the box size. We also apply our master equation to various examples, including the two processes mentioned above as well as examples where the final state is an admixture of two open channels.
Multichannel one-to-two transition amplitudes in a finite volume  [PDF]
Raúl A. Brice?o,Maxwell T. Hansen,André Walker-Loud
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We derive a model-independent expression for finite-volume matrix elements. Specifically, we present a relativistic, non-perturbative analysis of the matrix element of an external current between a one-scalar in-state and a two-scalar out-state. Our result, which is valid for energies below higher-particle inelastic thresholds, generalizes the Lellouch-Luscher formula in two ways: we allow the external current to inject arbitrary momentum into the system and we allow for the final state to be composed an arbitrary number of strongly coupled two-particle states with arbitrary partial waves (including partial-wave mixing induced by the volume). We also illustrate how our general result can be applied to some key examples, such as heavy meson decays and meson photo production. Finally, we point out complications that arise involving unstable resonance states, such as $B\rightarrow K^*\ell^+\ell^-$ when staggered or mixed-action/partially-quenched calculations are performed.
Scalar Mesons and Multichannel Amplitudes  [PDF]
R. Kaminski,L. Lesniak,B. Loiseau
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1007/s100529900023
Abstract: Properties of scalar-isoscalar mesons are analysed using separable interactions in three decay channels: pion-pion, kaon-antikaon and an effective 2pion-2pion. We obtain different solutions by fitting various data on the pion-pion and kaon-antikaon phase shifts and inelasticities including the CERN-Cracow-Munich measurements of the pion- p --> pion+ pion- n reaction on a polarized target. Analytical structure of the meson-meson multichannel amplitudes is studied with a special emphasis on the role played by the S-matrix zeroes. S-matrix poles are found in the complex energy plane and interpreted as scalar resonances. We see a wide f0(500), a narrow f0(980) and a relatively narrow f0(1400). In one solution a resonance at about 1700 MeV is also found. Total, elastic and inelastic channel cross sections, branching ratios and coupling constants are evaluated and compared with data. We construct approximation to our model and show that the Breit-Wigner approach has a limited phenomenological applicability.
Multichannel parametrization of $\bar K N$ scattering amplitudes and extraction of resonance parameters  [PDF]
H. Zhang,J. Tulpan,M. Shrestha,D. M. Manley
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.88.035205
Abstract: We present results of a new multichannel partial-wave analysis for $\bar K N$ scattering in the c.m.\ energy range 1480 to 2100 MeV. Resonance parameters were extracted by fitting partial-wave amplitudes from all considered channels using a multichannel parametrization that is consistent with $S$-matrix unitarity. The resonance parameters are generally in good agreement with predictions of the Koniuk-Isgur quark model.
Multichannel parametrization of πN scattering amplitudes and extraction of resonance parameters  [PDF]
M. Shrestha,D. M. Manley
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.86.055203
Abstract: We present results of a new multichannel partial-wave analysis for \pi N scattering in the c.m. energy range 1080 to 2100 MeV. This work explicitly includes \eta N and K \Lambda channels and the single pion photoproduction channel. Resonance parameters were extracted by fitting partial-wave amplitudes from all considered channels using a multichannel parametrization that is consistent with S-matrix unitarity. The resonance parameters so obtained are compared to predictions of quark models.
String amplitudes in arbitrary dimensions  [PDF]
S. Forste
Physics , 1992, DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/25/3/029
Abstract: We calculate gravitational dressed tachyon correlators in non critcal dimensions. The 2D gravity part of our theory is constrained to constant curvature. Then scaling dimensions of gravitational dressed vertex operators are equal to their bare conformal dimensions. Considering the model as d+2 dimensional critical string we calculate poles of generalized Shapiro-Virasoro amplitudes.
Conformal metrics in ${\mathbb R}^{2m}$ with constant $Q$-curvature and arbitrary volume  [PDF]
Xia Huang,Dong Ye
Mathematics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s00526-015-0907-1
Abstract: We study the polyharmonic problem $\Delta^m u = \pm e^u$ in ${\mathbb R}^{2m}$, with $m \geq 2$. In particular, we prove that {\sl for any} $V > 0$, there exist radial solutions of $\Delta^m u = -e^u$ such that $$\int_{{\mathbb R}^{2m}} e^u dx = V.$$ It implies that for $m$ odd, given arbitrary volume $V > 0$, there exist conformal metrics $g$ on ${\mathbb R}^{2m}$ with positive constant $Q$-curvature and vol$(g) =V$. This answers some open questions in Martinazzi's work.
A scalable, fast and multichannel arbitrary waveform generator  [PDF]
Muhammad Tanveer Baig,Michael Johanning,Andreas Wiese,Stefan Heidbrink,Michael Ziolkowski,Christof Wunderlich
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4832042
Abstract: This article reports on development of a multichannel arbitrary waveform generator (MAWG), which simultaneously generates arbitrary voltage waveforms on 24 independent channels with a dynamic update rate of up to 25 Msps. A real-time execution of a single waveform and/or sequence of multiple waveforms in succession, with a user programmable arbitrary sequence order is provided under the control of a stand-alone sequencer circuit implemented using an FPGA. The device is operated using an internal clock and can be synced to other devices by means of the TTL pulses. The device can be used for output voltages in the range of up to +-9 V with a drift rate below +-10 uV/min and a maximum deviation less than +-300 uVpp over a period of two hours.
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