Abstract:
We study the nucleon-nucleon interaction in a chiral constituent quark model by using the resonating group method, convenient for treating the interaction between composite particles. The calculated phase shifts for the 3S1 and 1S0 channels show the presence of a strong repulsive core due to the combined effect of the quark interchange and the spin-flavour structure of the effective quark-quark interaction. Such a symmetry structure stems from the pseudoscalar meson exchange between the quarks and is a consequence of the spontaneous breaking of the chiral symmetry. We perform single and coupled channel calculations and show the role of coupling of the $\Delta\Delta$ and hidden color CC channels on the behaviour of the phase shifts.

Abstract:
Compound states manifest themselves as bound states, resonances, or primitives, and their character is determined by their interaction with the continuum. If the interaction experiences a perturbation, a compound state can change its manifestation. Phase analysis of nucleon-nucleon scattering indicates the existence of primitives in the 3S1, 1S0, and 3P0 channels. Electromagnetic interaction can shift primitives from the unitary cut, turning them into narrow resonances. We evaluate this effect on the 1S0 proton-proton scattering channel within the framework of the Simonov-Dyson model. We show that electromagnetic interaction turns a primitve with a mass of 2000 MeV into a dibaryon resonance of approximately the same mass and a width of 260 keV. Narrow resonances of a similar nature may occur in other nucleon-nucleon channels. Experimental confirmation of the existence of narrow resonances would have important implications for the theory of nucleon-nucleon interaction.

Abstract:
Through a quantitative comparative study of the properties of deuteron and nucleon-nucleon interaction with chiral quark model and quark delocalization color screening model. We show that the $\sigma$-meson exchange used in the chiral quark model can be replaced by quark delocalization and color screening mechanism.

Abstract:
recent developements in our understanding of the fundamental nucleon-nucleon interaction are reviewed. among the topics considered are (1) the so-called high-precision nucleon-nucleon potentials that emerged in the mid 1990s, (2) progress in the microscopic description of the intermediate-range part of the nucleon-nucleon interaction in terms of correlated pion-pion and rho-pion exchange and (3) efforts towards a quantitative descripton of the nucleon-nucleon interaction utilizing methods based on effective field theory.

Abstract:
We review the major progress of the past decade concerning our understanding of the nucleon-nucleon interaction. The focus is on the low-energy region (below pion production threshold), but a brief outlook towards higher energies is also given. The items discussed include charge-dependence, the precise value of the $\pi NN$ coupling constant, phase shift analysis and high-precision NN data and potentials. We also address the issue of a proper theory of nuclear forces. Finally, we summarize the essential open questions that future research should be devoted to.

Abstract:
We apply the quark delocalization and color screening model to nucleon-baryon scattering. A semi-quantitative fit to N-N, N-Lambda and N-Sigma phase shifts and scattering cross sections is obtained without invoking meson exchange. Quarks delocalize reasonably in all of the different flavor channels to induce effective nucleon-baryon interactions with both a repulsive core and with an intermediate range attraction in the cases expected.

Abstract:
The dispersion relations for nucleon-nucleon (NN) T-matrix in the framework of Bethe-Salpeter equation for two spin one-half particle system and with separable kernel of interaction are considered in the paper. The developed expressions are applied for construction of the separable kernel of interaction for S partial-waves in singlet and triplet channels. We calculate the low energy scattering parameters and the phase shifts and also the deuteron binding energy with the separable interaction. The approach can be easily extended to higher partial-waves for NN-scattering and other reactions (anti N N-, pi N-scattering).

Abstract:
The b-barb and Upsilon production cross section has been measured in collisions of 920 GeV protons on different nuclear targets using the HERA-B detector. On the invariant mass spectra of e+e- or mu+mu- events originating from common vertex, the Upsilon search was performed. The identification of b-barb events was done using the same sample via inclusive bottom quark decays into J/psi by exploiting the longitudinal separation of the J/psi -> l+l- decay vertices from the primary proton nucleus interaction. For both hidden and open beauty decays, the mu+mu- and the e+e- decay channels have been reconstructed. The most recent measurement, using data collected in 2002/2003, yields a preliminary cross section in the combined analysis of sigma(b-barb) = (12.3(+3.5)(-3.2)) nb/nucleon and for the hidden beauty production the preliminary measurement of BR(Upsilon -> l+l-) x d sigma(Upsilon -> l+l-)/dy|_(y=0) = (3.4 +-0.8) pb/nucleon.

Abstract:
We present two novel relations between the quasiparticle interaction in nuclear matter and the unique low momentum nucleon-nucleon interaction in vacuum. These relations provide two independent constraints on the Fermi liquid parameters of nuclear matter. Moreover, the new constraints define two combinations of Fermi liquid parameters, which are invariant under the renormalization group flow in the particle-hole channels. Using empirical values for the spin-independent Fermi liquid parameters, we are able to compute the major spin-dependent ones by imposing the new constraints as well as the Pauli principle sum rules.

Abstract:
Many storage channels admit reading and rewriting of the content at a given cost. We consider rewritable channels with a hidden state which models the unknown characteristics of the memory cell. In addition to mitigating the effect of the write noise, rewrites can help the write controller obtain a better estimate of the hidden state. The paper has two contributions. The first is a lower bound on the capacity of a general rewritable channel with hidden state. The lower bound is obtained using a coding scheme that combines Gelfand-Pinsker coding with superposition coding. The rewritable AWGN channel is discussed as an example. The second contribution is a simple coding scheme for a rewritable channel where the write noise and hidden state are both uniformly distributed. It is shown that this scheme is asymptotically optimal as the number of rewrites gets large.