Abstract:
It is shown that within conformally flat stationary axisymmetric spacetimes, besides of the static family, there exists a new class of metrics, which is always stationary and axisymmetric. All these spacetimes, the static and the stationary ones, are endowed with an arbitrary function depending on the two non--Killingian coordinates. The explicit form of this function can be determined once the coupled matter, i.e., the energy--momentum tensor is given. One might hope possible extensions of this result to black holes on two--branes in four dimensions.

Abstract:
We discuss the concepts of Weyl and Riemann frames in the context of metric theories of gravity and state the fact that they are completely equivalent as far as geodesic motion is concerned. We apply this result to conformally flat spacetimes and show that a new picture arises when a Riemannian spacetime is taken by means of geometrical gauge transformations into a Minkowskian flat spacetime. We find out that in the Weyl frame gravity is described by a scalar field. We give some examples of how conformally flat spacetime configurations look when viewed from the standpoint of a Weyl frame. We show that in the non-relativistic and weak field regime the Weyl scalar field may be identified with the Newtonian gravitational potential. We suggest an equation for the scalar field by varying the Einstein-Hilbert action restricted to the class of conformally-flat spacetimes. We revisit Einstein and Fokker's interpretation of Nordstr\"om scalar gravity theory and draw an analogy between this approach and the Weyl gauge formalism. We briefly take a look at two-dimensional gravity as viewed in the Weyl frame and address the question of quantizing a conformally flat spacetime by going to the Weyl frame.

Abstract:
This paper describes an approach that uses flat-spacetime dimension estimators to estimate the manifold dimension of causal sets that can be faithfully embedded into curved spacetimes. The approach is invariant under coarse graining and can be implemented independently of any specific curved spacetime. Results are given based on causal sets generated by random sprinklings into conformally flat spacetimes in 2, 3, and 4 dimensions, as well as one generated by a percolation dynamics.

Abstract:
Original abstract: Consider the worldline of a charged particle in a static spacetime. Contraction of the time-translation Killing field with the retarded electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor gives a conserved electromagnetic energy vector which can be used to define the radiated electromagnetic energy. This note points out that for a conformally flat spacetime, the radiated energy is the same as for a flat spacetime (i.e. Minkowski space). This appears to be inconsistent with an equation of motion for such particles derived by DeWitt and Brehme and later corrected by Hobbs [End of original abstract] New abstract: Same as old abstract with last sentence deleted. The body of the paper is the same as previously. A new Appendix 2 has been added discussing implications to the previous arguments of recent work of Sonego (J. Math. Phys. 40 (1999), 3381-3394) and of Quinn and Wald (Phys. Rev. D 60 (1999), gr-qc/9610053).

Abstract:
It is proved that a stationary solutions to the vacuum Einstein field equations with non-vanishing angular momentum have no Cauchy slice that is maximal, conformally flat, and non-boosted. The proof is based on results coming from a certain type of asymptotic expansions near null and spatial infinity --which also show that the developments of Bowen-York type of data cannot have a development admitting a smooth null infinity--, and from the fact that stationary solutions do admit a smooth null infinity.

Abstract:
We compute exact expressions of the noise kernel, defined as the expectation value of the symmetrized connected stress energy bitensor, for conformally-invariant scalar fields with respect to the conformal vacuum, valid for an arbitrary separation (timelike, spacelike and null) of points in a class of conformally-flat spacetimes. We derive explicit expressions for the noise kernel evaluated in the static de Sitter coordinates with respect to the Gibbons-Hawking vacuum and analyze the behavior of the noise kernel in the region near the cosmological horizon. We develop a quasi-local expansion near the cosmological horizon and compare it with the exact results. This gives insight into the likely range of validity of the quasi-local approximation expressions for the noise kernel for the conformally invariant scalar field in Schwarzschild spacetime which are given in PHYSICAL REVIEW D{\bf 85}, 044037 (2012).

Abstract:
Conformally flat spacetimes with an elastic stress energy tensor given by a diagonal trace-free anisotropic pressure tensor are investigated using 1+3 formalism. We show how the null tetrad Ricci components are related to the pressure components and energy density. The 1+3 Bianchi and Jacobi identities and Einstein field equations are written for this particular case. In general the commutators must be considered since they supply potentially new information on higher order derivatives of the 1+3 quantities. We solve the system for the non rotating case which consist of ODEs of a spatial coordinate.

Abstract:
The Conformal Einstein equations and the representation of spatial infinity as a cylinder introduced by Friedrich are used to analyse the behaviour of the gravitational field near null and spatial infinity for the development of data which are asymptotically Euclidean, conformally flat and time asymmetric. Our analysis allows for initial data whose second fundamental form is more general than the one given by the standard Bowen-York Ansatz. The Conformal Einstein equations imply upon evaluation on the cylinder at spatial infinity a hierarchy of transport equations which can be used to calculate in a recursive way asymptotic expansions for the gravitational field. It is found that the the solutions to these transport equations develop logarithmic divergences at certain critical sets where null infinity meets spatial infinity. Associated to these, there is a series of quantities expressible in terms of the initial data (obstructions), which if zero, preclude the appearance of some of the logarithmic divergences. The obstructions are, in general, time asymmetric. That is, the obstructions at the intersection of future null infinity with spatial infinity are different, and do not generically imply those obtained at the intersection of past null infinity with spatial infinity. The latter allows for the possibility of having spacetimes where future and past null infinity have different degrees of smoothness. Finally, it is shown that if both sets of obstructions vanish up to a certain order, then the initial data has to be asymptotically Schwarzschildean to some degree.

Abstract:
Given a time symmetric initial data set for the vacuum Einstein field equations which is conformally flat near infinity, it is shown that the solutions to the regular finite initial value problem at spatial infinity extend smoothly through the critical sets where null infinity touches spatial infinity if and only if the initial data coincides with Schwarzschild data near infinity.

Abstract:
We find all Ricci semi-symmetric as well as all conformally semi-symmetric spacetimes. Neither of these properties implies the other. We verify that only conformally flat spacetimes can be Ricci semi-symmetric without being conformally semi-symmetric and show that only vacuum spacetimes and spacetimes with just a $\Lambda$-term can be Ricci semi-symmetric without being conformally semi-symmetric.