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Fast optical preparation, control and read-out of single quantum dot spin  [PDF]
A. J. Ramsay,S. J. Boyle,R. S. Kolodka,J. B. B. Oliveira,J. Skiba-Szymanska,H. Y. Liu,M. Hopkinson,A. M. Fox,M. S. Skolnick
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.197401
Abstract: We propose and demonstrate the sequential initialization, optical control, and read-out of a single spin trapped in a semiconductor quantum dot. Hole spin preparation is achieved through ionization of a resonantly excited electron-hole pair. Optical control is observed as a coherent Rabi rotation between the hole and charged exciton states, which is conditional on the initial hole spin state. The spin-selective creation of the charged exciton provides a photocurrent read-out of the hole spin state.
Strain induced coherent dynamics of coupled carriers and Mn spins in a quantum dot  [PDF]
A. Lafuente-Sampietro,H. Boukari,L. Besombes
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.081305
Abstract: We report on the coherent dynamics of the spin of an individual magnetic atom coupled to carriers in a semiconductor quantum dot which has been investigated by resonant photoluminescence of the positively charged exciton (X+). We demonstrate that a positively charged CdTe/ZnTe quantum dot doped with a single Mn atom forms an ensemble of optical Lambda systems which can be addressed independently. We show that the spin dynamics of the X+Mn complex is dominated by the electron-Mn exchange interaction and report on the coherent dynamics of the electron-Mn spin system that is directly observed in the time domain. Quantum beats reflecting the coherent transfer of population between electron-Mn spin states, which are mixed by an anisotropic strain in the plane of the quantum dot, are clearly observed. We finally highlight that this strain induced coherent coupling is tunable with an external magnetic field.
Quantum Dot Lattice Embedded in An Organic Medium: Hybrid Exciton State and Optical Response  [PDF]
Nguyen Que Huong,Joseph L. Birman
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We propose a new model to implement organic exciton-semiconductor exciton hybridization by embedding a semiconductor quantum dot array into an organic medium. A Wannier-Mott transfer exciton is formed when the exciton in each semiconductor dot interacts via the multipole-multipole coupling with other excitons in the different dtos of the array. A new hybrid exciton appears in the system owing to strong dipole-dipole interaction of the Frenkel exciton of the organic molecules with the Wannier Mott transfer exciton of the quantum dot array. This hybrid exciton has both a large oscillator strength (Frenkel like) and a large Bohr radius (Wannier like). At resonance between these two types of excitons, the optical non-linearity is very large and can be controlled by changing parameters of the system such as dot radius and dot spacing.
Exciton-Plasmon Coupling Effects on the Nonlinear Optical Susceptibility of Hybrid Quantum Dot-Metallic Nanoparticle System  [PDF]
Nam-Chol Kim,Myong-Chol Ko,Song-Jin Im,Zhong-Hua Hao
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: We have studied theoretically the exciton-plasmon coupling effects on the third-order optical nonlinearity of a coherently coupled hybrid system of a metal nanoparticle and a semiconductor quantum dot in the presence of a strong control field with a weak probe field.
Model of the optical emission of a driven semiconductor quantum dot: phonon-enhanced coherent scattering and off-resonant sideband narrowing  [PDF]
Dara P. S. McCutcheon,Ahsan Nazir
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.217401
Abstract: We study the crucial role played by the solid-state environment in determining the photon emission characteristics of a driven quantum dot. For resonant driving, we predict a phonon-enhancement of the coherently emitted radiation field with increasing driving strength, in stark contrast to the conventional expectation of a rapidly decreasing fraction of coherent emission with stronger driving. This surprising behaviour results from thermalisation of the dot with respect to the phonon bath, and leads to a nonstandard regime of resonance fluorescence in which significant coherent scattering and the Mollow triplet coexist. Off-resonance, we show that despite the phonon influence, narrowing of dot spectral sideband widths can occur in certain regimes, consistent with an experimental trend.
Excitation-induced dephasing in a resonantly driven InAs/GaAs quantum dot  [PDF]
Léonard Monniello,Catherine Tonin,Richard Hostein,Aristide Lemaitre,Anthony Martinez,Valia Voliotis,Roger Grousson
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.026403
Abstract: We report on coherent emission of the neutral exciton state in a single semiconductor self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dot embedded in a one-dimensional waveguide, under resonant picosecond pulsed excita- tion. Direct measurements of the radiative lifetime and coherence time are performed as a function of excitation power and temperature. The characteristic damping of Rabi oscillations which is observed, is attributed to an excitation-induced dephasing due to a resonant coupling between the emitter and the acoustic phonon bath of the matrix. Other sources responsible for the decrease of the coherence time have been evidenced, in particular an enhancement of the radiative recombination rate due to the resonant strong coupling between the dot and the one-dimensional optical mode. As a consequence, the emission couples very efficiently into the waveguide mode leading to an additional relaxation term of the excited state population.
Population Dynamics and the Optical Absorption in Hybrid Metal Nanoparticle - Semiconductor Quantum dot Nanosystem  [PDF]
Nam-Chol Kim,Chung-Il Choe,Myong-Chol Ko,Gwang Hyok So,Il-Gwang Kim
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We studied theoretically the population dynamics and the absorption spectrum of hybrid nanosystem consisted of a matal nanoparticle (MNP) and a semiconductor quantum dot(SQD). We investigated the exciton-plasmon coupling effects on the population dynamics and the absorption properties of the nanostructure. Our results show that the nonlinear optical response of the hybrid nanosystem can be greatly enhanced or depressed due to the exciton-plasmon couplings. The results obtained here may have the potential applications of nanoscale optical devices such as optical switches and quantum devices such as a single photon transistor.
Investigations of a coherently driven semiconductor optical cavity QED system  [PDF]
Kartik Srinivasan,Christopher P. Michael,Raviv Perahia,Oskar Painter
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.033839
Abstract: Chip-based cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) devices consisting of a self-assembled InAs quantum dot (QD) coupled to a high quality factor GaAs microdisk cavity are coherently probed through their optical channel using a fiber taper waveguide. We highlight one particularly important aspect of this all-fiber measurement setup, which is the accuracy to which the optical coupling level and optical losses are known relative to typical free-space excitation techniques. This allows for precise knowledge of the intracavity photon number and measurement of absolute transmitted and reflected signals. Resonant optical spectroscopy of the system under both weak and strong driving conditions are presented, which when compared with a quantum master equation model of the system allows for determination of the coherent coupling rate between QD exciton and optical cavity mode, the different levels of elastic and inelastic dephasing of the exciton state, and the position and orientation of the QD within the cavity. Pump-probe measurements are also performed in which a far off-resonant red-detuned control laser beam is introduced into the cavity. Rather than producing a measurable ac-Stark shift in the exciton line of the QD, we find that this control beam induces a saturation of the resonant system response. The broad photoluminescence spectrum resulting from the presence of the control beam in the cavity points to sub-bandgap absorption in the semiconductor, and the resulting free-carrier generation, as the likely source of system saturation.
Theory of the quantum-dot Mollow triplet in an exciton-driven semiconductor cavity  [PDF]
C. Roy,S. Hughes
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.115309
Abstract: We present a comprehensive theoretical study of the resonance fluorescence spectra of an exciton-driven quantum dot (QD) placed inside a high-$Q$ semiconductor cavity and interacting with an acoustic phonon bath. We derive a quantum master equation (ME) in the polaron frame which includes exciton-phonon and exciton-cavity coupling to all orders. This work details and extends the theory used in a recent issue of {\em Physical Review Letters} (C. Roy and S. Hughes 2011: Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 106} 247403) to describe the QD Mollow triplet in the regime of semiconductor cavity-QED. Here we introduce two ME forms, Nakajima-Zwanzig (NZ) and time-convolutionless (TC), both to second order in the system--phonon-reservoir perturbation. In the polaron frame, these two ME forms are shown to yield equivalent population dynamics and fluorescence spectra for a continuous wave (cw) driving field. We also demonstrate that a Markov approximation is valid for computing the incoherent scattering processes and we subsequently exploit the Markovian TC ME to explore the resonance fluorescence spectra of an exciton-driven QD. Both cavity-emitted and exciton-emitted spectra are studied and these are found to have qualitatively different spectral features. Using a coherent driving field, the well known characteristics of the atomic Mollow triplet are shown to be considerably modified with electron--acoustic-phonon scattering and we highlight the key effects arising from both cavity coupling and electron-phonon coupling. Regimes of pronounced cavity feeding and anharmonic cavity-QED are exemplified, and we find that the cavity coupling depends sensitively on the exciton-cavity detuning and the temperature of the phonon bath. We show how the full width at half maximum (linewidth) of the Mollow triplet sidebands varies as a function of the square of the Rabi frequency of the cw pump.
Electric-field-induced coherent coupling of the exciton states in a single quantum dot  [PDF]
A. J. Bennett,M. A. Pooley,R. M. Stevenson,M. B. Ward,R. B. Patel,A. Boyer de la Giroday,N. Sk?ld,I. Farrer,C. A. Nicoll,D. A. Ritchie,A. J. Shields
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1038/nphys1780
Abstract: The signature of coherent coupling between two quantum states is an anticrossing in their energies as one is swept through the other. In single semiconductor quantum dots containing an electron-hole pair the eigenstates form a two-level system that can be used to demonstrate quantum effects in the solid state, but in all previous work these states were independent. Here we describe a technique to control the energetic splitting of these states using a vertical electric field, facilitating the observation of coherent coupling between them. Near the minimum splitting the eigenstates rotate in the plane of the sample, being orientated at 45{\deg} when the splitting is smallest. Using this system we show direct control over the exciton states in one quantum dot, leading to the generation of entangled photon pairs.
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