Abstract:
We review a number of results recently obtained in the area of constructing rotating solitons in a four dimensional asymptotically flat spacetime. Various models are examined, special attention being paid to the monopole-antimonopole and gauged skyrmion configurations, which have a nonvanishing total angular momentum. For all known examples of rotating solitons, the angular momentum is fixed by some conserved charge of the matter fields.

Abstract:
The general formulas of a non-rotating dynamic thin shell that connects two arbitrary cylindrical regions are given using Israel's method. As an application of them, the dynamics of a thin shell made of counter-rotating dust particles, which emits both gravitational waves and massless particles when it is expanding or collapsing, is studied. It is found that when the models represent a collapsing shell, in some cases the angular momentum of the dust particles is strong enough to halt the collapse, so that a spacetime singularity is prevented from forming, while in other cases it is not, and a line-like spacetime singularity is finally formed on the symmetry axis.

Abstract:
Solutions describing the gravitational collapse of asymptotically flat cylindrical and prolate shells of (null) dust are shown to admit globally naked singularities.

Abstract:
A black hole solution of Einstein's field equations with cylindrical symmetry is found. Using the Hamiltonian formulation one is able to define mass and angular momentum for the cylindrical black hole through the corresponding and equivalent three dimensional theory. The causal structure is analyzed. Comments: revised version.

Abstract:
A solution to the Einstein field equations that represents a rigidly rotating dust accompanied by a thin matter shell of the same type is found.

Abstract:
A generalization of the notion of surfaces of revolution in the spaces of General Relativity is presented. We apply this definition to the case of Carter's family [A] of solutions and we study the Kerr's metric with respect the above mentioned foliation.

Abstract:
I present a new method to generate rotating solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations from static solutions, give several examples of its application, and discuss its general properties.

Abstract:
This paper presents a systematical study of stationary (rotating) cylindrical space-times of a Weyl form that are solutions to D=4 Einstein-Maxwell equations with cosmological constant. The corresponding equations of motion - with zero cosmological constant - are integrated. Then, several classes of exact solutions - obtained by restricting the range of the free constant parameters - are obtained and sub-cases corresponding to already known solutions are indicated.

Abstract:
In this paper, we discuss general relativistic, self-gravitating and uniformly rotating perfect fluid bodies with a toroidal topology (without central object). For the equations of state describing the fluid matter we consider polytropic as well as completely degenerate, perfect Fermi gas models. We find that the corresponding configurations possess similar properties to the homogeneous relativistic Dyson rings. On the one hand, there exists no limit to the mass for a given maximal mass-density inside the body. On the other hand, each model permits a quasistationary transition to the extreme Kerr black hole.

Abstract:
The variational principle for a thin dust shell in General Relativity is constructed. The principle is compatible with the boundary-value problem of the corresponding Euler-Lagrange equations, and leads to ``natural boundary conditions'' on the shell. These conditions and the gravitational field equations which follow from an initial variational principle, are used for elimination of the gravitational degrees of freedom. The transformation of the variational formula for spherically-symmetric systems leads to two natural variants of the effective action. One of these variants describes the shell from a stationary interior observer's point of view, another from the exterior one. The conditions of isometry of the exterior and interior faces of the shell lead to the momentum and Hamiltonian constraints. The canonical equivalence of the mentioned systems is shown in the extended phase space. Some particular cases are considered.