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Long baseline neutrino oscillation disappearance search using a $ν$ beam from muon decays  [PDF]
A. Bueno,M. Campanelli,A. Rubbia
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We study the feasibility of performing a $\nu_\mu$ disappearance long-baseline experiment using a neutrino beam coming from muon decays. The advantage of such a technique with respect to the production of neutrino beams from pions is that in a muon decay both muon and electron neutrinos are produced in the same quantity. In case of $\nu_\mu\to\nu_{\tau,s}$ oscillations, the $\nu_e$ charged current (CC) events can be used as a control sample, to predict in situ the $\nu_\mu$ rates, thus reducing the systematics due to the knowledge of the neutrino flux, which is the main source of uncertainties for disappearance experiments. We consider as our neutrino target, the ICARUS detector in its final mass configuration of 4.8 kton.
Atmospheric neutrinos, long-baseline neutrino beams and the precise measurement of the neutrino oscillation parameters  [PDF]
Giuseppe Battistoni,Paolo Lipari
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: Measurements of atmospheric neutrinos by Super-Kamiokande an other detectors have given evidence for the existence of neutrino oscillations with large mixing and $\Delta m^2$ in the range 10^{-3}-10^{-2} eV^2. In this work we discuss critically some of the possible experimental strategies to confirm this result and determine more accurately the neutrino oscillation parameters. A possible method is the development of long-baseline accelerator neutrino beams. The accelerator beams can have higher intensity and higher average energy than the atmospheric flux, and if (\nu_\mu \leftrightarrow \nu_\tau) oscillations are indeed the cause of the atmospheric neutrino anomaly, they can produce a measurable rate of $\tau$ leptons for most (but not all) of the values of the oscillation parameters that are a solution to the atmospheric data. On the other hand measurements of atmospheric neutrinos with large statistics and/or better experimental resolutions, can also provide convincing evidence for oscillations, thanks to unambiguous detectable effects on the energy, zenith angle and L/E_\nu distributions of the events. The study of these effects can provide a precise determination of the oscillations parameters. The range of L/E_\nu available for atmospheric neutrinos is much larger than in long-baseline accelerator experiments, and the sensitivity extends to lower values of \Delta m^2.
Differences in Quasi-Elastic Cross-Sections of Muon and Electron Neutrinos  [PDF]
Melanie Day,Kevin S. McFarland
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.053003
Abstract: Accelerator neutrino oscillation experiments seek to make precision measurements of the neutrino flavor oscillations muon (anti)neutrino to electron (anti)neutrino in order to determine the mass hierarchy of neutrinos and to search for CP violation in neutrino oscillations. These experiments are currently performed with beams of muon neutrinos at energies near 1 GeV where the charged-current quasi-elastic interactions nu+n\rightarrow(l^-)+p and anti-nu+p\rightarrow(l^+)+n dominate the signal reactions. We examine the difference between the quasi-elastic cross-sections for muon and electron neutrinos and anti-neutrinos and estimate the uncertainties on these differences.
Long Baseline Neutrino Physics with a Muon Storage Ring Neutrino Source  [PDF]
V. Barger,S. Geer,K. Whisnant
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.61.053004
Abstract: We examine the physics capabilities of known flavor neutrino beams from intense muon sources. We find that long-baseline neutrino experiments based on such beams can provide precise measurements of neutrino oscillation mass and mixing parameters. Furthermore, they can test whether the dominant atmospheric neutrino oscillations are \nu_\mu --> \nu_\tau and/or \nu_\mu --> \nu_s, determine the \nu_\mu --> \nu_e content of atmospheric neutrino oscillations, and measure \nu_e --> \nu_\tau appearance. Depending on the oscillation parameters, they may be able to detect Earth matter and CP violation effects and to determine the ordering of some of the mass eigenstates.
Tau neutrinos from muon storage rings  [PDF]
G. Barenboim,F. Scheck
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(00)00708-5
Abstract: Charged tau leptons emerging in a long baseline experiment with a muon storage ring and a far-away detector will positively establish neutrino oscillations. We study the conversion of $\nu_\mu$ ($\bar{\nu}_\mu$) and of $\bar{\nu}_e$ ($\nu_e$) to $\nu_\tau$ or $\bar{\nu}_\tau$ for neutrinos from a 20 GeV muon storage ring, within the strong mixing scheme and on the basis of the squared mass differences which are compatible with all reported neutrino anomalies, including the LSND data. In contrast to other solutions which ignore the Los Alamos anomaly, we find charged tau production rates which should be measurable in a realistic set up. As a consequence, determining the complete mass spectrum of neutrinos as well as all three mixing angles seems within reach. Matter effects are discussed thoroughly but are found to be small in this situation.
Search for Sterile Neutrinos at OPERA and other Long--Baseline Experiments  [PDF]
Luca Stanco
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The OPERA experiment at the CNGS beam has observed muon to tau neutrino oscillations in the atmospheric sector. Based on this result new limits on the mixing parameters of a massive sterile neutrino may be set. Preliminary results of the analysis done in the 3+1 neutrino framework are here presented. An update of the search for sterile neutrinos in the $\nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \nu_e$ channel is also given. The status of the searches for sterile neutrinos performed at other Long--Baseline experiments (MINOS at NuMI beam and SuperK with the atmospheric flux) is also briefly recalled. Finally, some personal perspectives are discussed.
Optimization of a Very Low Energy Neutrino Factory for the Disappearance Into Sterile Neutrinos  [PDF]
Walter Winter
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.113005
Abstract: We discuss short-baseline electron and muon neutrino disappearance searches into sterile neutrinos at a Very Low Energy Neutrino Factory (VLENF) with a muon energy between about two and four GeV. A lesson learned from reactor experiments, such as Double Chooz and Daya Bay, is to use near and far detectors with identical technologies to reduce the systematical errors. We therefore derive the physics results from a combined near-far detector fit and illustrate that uncertainties on cross sections x efficiencies can be eliminated in a self-consistent way. We also include the geometry of the setup, i.e., the extension of the decay straight and the muon decay kinematics relevant at the near detector, and we demonstrate that these affect the sensitivities for Delta m^2 > 30 eV^2, where oscillations take place already in the near detector. Compared to appearance searches, we find that the sensitivity depends on the locations of both detectors and the muon energy, where the near detector should be as close as possible to the source, and the far detector at about 500 to 800m. In order to exclude the currently preferred parameter region, at least 10^19 useful muon decays per polarity are needed for E_mu=2 GeV, or, alternatively, a higher muon energy can be used.
Lorentz noninvariant oscillations of massless neutrinos are excluded  [PDF]
Vernon Barger,Jiajun Liao,Danny Marfatia,Kerry Whisnant
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.84.056014
Abstract: The bicycle model of Lorentz noninvariant neutrino oscillations without neutrino masses naturally predicts maximal mixing and a 1/E dependence of the oscillation argument for muon-neutrino to tau-neutrino oscillations of atmospheric and long-baseline neutrinos, but cannot also simultaneously fit the data for solar neutrinos and KamLAND. Within the Standard Model Extension, we examine all 19 possible structures of the effective Hamiltonian for Lorentz noninvariant oscillations of massless neutrinos that naturally have a 1/E dependence at high neutrino energy. Due to the lack of any evidence for direction dependence, we consider only direction-independent oscillations. Although we find a number of models with a 1/E dependence for atmospheric and long-baseline neutrinos, none can also simultaneously fit solar and KamLAND data.
nuSTORM - Neutrinos from STORed Muons: Proposal to the Fermilab PAC  [PDF]
D. Adey,S. K. Agarwalla,C. M. Ankenbrandt,R. Asfandiyarov,J. J. Back,G. Barker,E. Baussan,R. Bayes,S. Bhadra,V. Blackmore,A. Blondel,S. A. Bogacz,C. Booth,S. B. Boyd,A. Bravar,S. J. Brice,A. D. Bross,F. Cadoux,H. Cease,A. Cervera,J. Cobb,D. Colling,P. Coloma,L. Coney,A. Dobbs,J. Dobson,A. Donini,P. Dornan,M. Dracos,F. Dufour,R. Edgecock,J. Evans,M. Geelhoed,M. A. George,T. Ghosh,J. J. Gomez-Cadenas,A. de Gouvea,A. Haesler,G. Hanson,P. F. Harrison,M. Hartz,P. Hernandez,J. A. Hernando Morata,P. Hodgson,P. Huber,A. Izmaylov,Y. Karadzhov,T. Kobilarcik,J. Kopp,L. Kormos,A. Korzenev,Y. Kuno,A. Kurup,P. Kyberd,J. B. Lagrange,A. Laing,A. Liud,J. M. Link,K. Long,K. Mahn,C. Mariani,C. Martin,J. Martin,N. McCauley,K. T. McDonald,O. Mena,S. R. Mishra,N. Mokhov,J. Morfin,Y. Mori,W. Murray,D. Neuffer,R. Nichol,E. Noah,M. A. Palmer,S. Parke,S. Pascoli,J. Pasternak,M. Popovic,P. Ratoff,M. Ravonel,M. Rayner,S. Ricciardi,C. Rogers,P. Rubinov,E. Santos,A. Sato,T. Sen,E. Scantamburlo,J. K. Sedgbeer,D. R. Smith,P. J. Smith,J. T. Sobczyk,L. Soby,F. J. P. Soler,S. Soldner-Rembold,M. Sorel,P. Snopok,P. Stamoulis,L. Stanco,S. Striganov,H. A. Tanaka,I. J. Taylor,C. Touramanis,C. D. Tunnell,Y. Uchida,N. Vassilopoulos,M. O. Wascko,A. Weber,M. J. Wilking,E. Wildner,W. Winter,U. K. Yang
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The nuSTORM facility has been designed to deliver beams of electron neutrinos and muon neutrinos (and their anti-particles) from the decay of a stored muon beam with a central momentum of 3.8 GeV/c and a momentum acceptance of 10%. The facility is unique in that it will: 1. Allow searches for sterile neutrinos of exquisite sensitivity to be carried out; 2. Serve future long- and short-baseline neutrino-oscillation programs by providing definitive measurements of electron neutrino and muon neutrino scattering cross sections off nuclei with percent-level precision; and 3. Constitutes the crucial first step in the development of muon accelerators as a powerful new technique for particle physics. The document describes the facility in detail and demonstrates its physics capabilities. This document was submitted to the Fermilab Physics Advisory Committee in consideration for Stage I approval.
Theoretical Summary: 1999 Electroweak Session of the Rencontres de Moriond  [PDF]
John Ellis
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: The following aspects of the electroweak interactions are discussed, based on presentations here: the status of the Standard Model, CP violation, neutrino masses and oscillations, supersymmetry and models in extra dimensions, and future projects. Particular emphasis is laid on the tests of CP and CPT by KTeV and CPLEAR, on the problems of degenerate neutrinos, on supersymmetric dark matter, on future long-baseline neutrino beams, and on muon storage rings that may be used as neutrino factories.
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