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Helioseismology and solar neutrinos: an update  [PDF]
G. Fiorentini,B. Ricci,F. L. Villante
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(01)01066-0
Abstract: We review recent advances concerning helioseismology, solar models and solar neutrinos. Particularly we address the following points: i) helioseismic tests of recent SSMs; ii) predictions of the Beryllium neutrino flux based on helioseismology; iii) helioseismic tests regarding the screening of nuclear reactions in the Sun.
Helioseismology and solar neutrinos  [PDF]
J. Christensen-Dalsgaard
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: Helioseismology has provided very precise information about the solar internal sound speed and density throughout most of the solar interior. The results are generally quite close to the properties of standard solar models. Since the solar oscillation frequencies do not provide direct information about temperature and composition, the helioseismic results to not completely rule out an astrophysical solution to the discrepancy between the predicted and measured neutrino fluxes from the Sun. However, such a solution does appear rather implausible.
A Mixed Solar Core, Solar Neutrinos and Helioseismology  [PDF]
S. Degl'Innocenti,B. Ricci
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0927-6505(97)00057-1
Abstract: We consider a wide class of solar models with mixed core. Most of these models can be excluded as the predicted sound speed profile is in sharp disagreement with helioseismic constraints. All the remaining models predict $^7$Be and/or $^7$B neutrino fluxes at least as large as those of SSMs. In conclusion, helioseismology shows that a mixed solar core cannot account for the neutrino deficit implied by the current solar neutrino experiments.
Solar neutrinos, helioseismology and the solar internal dynamics  [PDF]
S. Turck-Chieze,S. Couvidat
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/74/8/086901
Abstract: Neutrinos are fundamental particles ubiquitous in the Universe. Their properties remain elusive despite more than 50 years of intense research activity. In this review we remind the reader of the noticeable properties of these particles and of the stakes of the solar neutrino puzzle. The Standard Solar Model triggered persistent efforts in fundamental Physics to predict the solar neutrino fluxes, and its constantly evolving predictions have been regularly compared to the detected neutrino signals. Anticipating that this standard model could not reproduce the internal solar dynamics, a SEismic Solar Model was developed which enriched theoretical neutrino flux predictions with in situ observation of acoustic waves propagating in the Sun. This review reminds the historical steps, from the pioneering Homestake detection, the GALLEX- SAGE captures of the first pp neutrinos and emphasizes the importance of the Superkamiokande and SNO detectors to demonstrate that the solar-emitted electronic neutrinos are partially transformed into other neutrino flavors before reaching the Earth. The success of BOREXINO in detecting the 7 Be neutrino signal justifies the building of a new generation of detectors to measure the entire solar neutrino spectrum. A coherent picture emerged from neutrino physics and helioseismology. Today, new paradigms take shape: determining the masses of neutrinos and the research on the Sun is focusing on the dynamical aspects and on signature of dark matter. The third part of the review is dedicated to this prospect. The understanding of the crucial role of both rotation and magnetism in solar physics benefit from SoHO, SDO, and PICARD space observations. For now, the particle and stellar challenges seem decoupled, but this is only a superficial appearance. The development of asteroseismology shows the far-reaching impact of Neutrino and Stellar Astronomy.
Solar Core Homology, Solar Neutrinos and Helioseismology  [PDF]
Sidney A. Bludman,Dallas C. Kennedy
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1086/178073
Abstract: Precise numerical standard solar models (SSMs) now agree with one another and with helioseismological observations in the convective and outer radiative zones. Nevertheless these models obscure how luminosity, neutrino production and g-mode core helioseismology depend on such inputs as opacity and nuclear cross sections. Although the Sun is not homologous, its inner core by itself is chemically evolved and almost homologous, because of its compactness, radiative energy transport, and ppI-dominated luminosity production. We apply luminosity-fixed homology transformations to the core to estimate theoretical uncertainties in the SSM and to obtain a broad class of non-SSMs, parametrized by central temperature and density and purely radiative energy transport in the core.
Helioseismology and standard solar models  [PDF]
S. Degl'Innocenti,W. A. Dziembowski,G. Fiorentini,B. Ricci
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/S0927-6505(97)00004-2
Abstract: We present a systematical analysis of uncertainties in the helioseismological determination of quantities characterizing the solar structure. We discuss the effect of errors on the measured frequencies, the residual solar model dependence and the uncertainties of the inversion method. We find Y_{ph}=0.238-0.259, $R_b/R_\odot=0.708-0.714$ and $\rho_b=(0.185-0.199)$ gr/cm^3 (the index b refers to the bottom of the convective envelope). In the interval $0.2
Solar neutrinos as highlight of astroparticle physics  [PDF]
V. Berezinsky
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: Solar neutrinos are discussed in the light of the new data and of recent progress in helioseismology. Most attention is given to the new status of Standard Solar Models due to seismically measured density and sound speed in the inner solar core. The elementary particle solutions to the Solar Neutrino Problem and their observational signatures are discussed.
The solar energetic balance revisited by young solar analogs, helioseismology and neutrinos  [PDF]
Sylvaine Turck-Chieze,Laurent Piau,Sébastien Couvidat
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/731/2/L29
Abstract: The energetic balance of the Standard Solar Model (SSM) results from an equilibrium between nuclear energy production, energy transfer, and photospheric emission. In this letter, we derive an order of magnitude of several % for the loss of energy in kinetic energy, magnetic energy, and X or UV radiation during the whole solar lifetime from the observations of the present Sun. We also estimate the mass loss from the observations of young solar analogs which could reach up to 30% of the current mass. We deduce new models of the present Sun, their associated neutrino fluxes, and their internal sound-speed profile. This approach sheds quantitative lights on the disagreement between the sound speed obtained by helioseismology and the sound speed derived from the SSM including the updated photospheric CNO abundances, based on recent observations. We conclude that about 20% of the present discrepancy could come from the incorrect description of the early phases of the Sun, its activity, its initial mass and mass-loss history. This study has obvious consequences on the solar system formation and the early evolution of the closest planets.
Helioseismology, solar models and neutrino fluxes  [PDF]
V. Castellani,S. Degl'Innocenti,W. A. Dziembowski,G. Fiorentini,B. Ricci
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(98)00440-X
Abstract: We present our results concerning a systematical analysis of helioseismic implications on solar structure and neutrino production. We find Y$_{ph}=0.238-0.259$, $R_b/R_\odot=0.708-0.714$ and $\rho_b=(0.185-0.199)$ gr/cm$^3$. In the interval $0.2
Helioseismology challenges models of solar convection  [PDF]
Laurent Gizon,Aaron C. Birch
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1208875109
Abstract: Convection is the mechanism by which energy is transported through the outermost 30% of the Sun. Solar turbulent convection is notoriously difficult to model across the entire convection zone where the density spans many orders of magnitude. In this issue of PNAS, Hanasoge et al. (2012) employ recent helioseismic observations to derive stringent empirical constraints on the amplitude of large-scale convective velocities in the solar interior. They report an upper limit that is far smaller than predicted by a popular hydrodynamic numerical simulation.
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