Abstract:
We prove that in the nonrelativistic limit, solutions of the Klein-Gordon-Maxwell system in 1+3 dimensions converge in the energy space to solutions of a Schrodinger-Poisson system, under appropriate conditions on the initial data. This requires the splitting of the scalar Klein-Gordon field into a sum of two fields, corresponding, in the physical interpretation, to electrons and positrons.

Abstract:
An algorithm for calculating the spectral intensity of radiation due to the coherent addition of many particles with arbitrary trajectories is described. Direct numerical integration of the Lienard-Wiechert potentials, in the far-field, for extremely high photon energies and many particles is made computationally feasible by a mixed analytic and numerical method. Exact integrals of spectral intensity are made between discretely sampled trajectories, by assuming the space-time four-vector is a quadratic function of proper time. The integral Fourier transform of the trajectory with respect to time, the modulus squared of which comprises the spectral intensity, can then be formed by piecewise summation of exact integrals between discrete points. Because of this, the calculation is not restricted by discrete sampling bandwidth theory, and hence for smooth trajectories, time-steps many orders larger than the inverse of the frequency of interest can be taken.

Abstract:
Using Quantum Field Theory we derive a general formula for the double inclusive spectra of photons radiated by a system in local equilibrium. The derived expression differs significantly from the one mostly used up to now in photon intensity interferometry of heavy--ion collisions. We present a covariant expression for double inclusive spectra adapted for usage in numerical simulations. Application to a schematic model with a Bj\o rken type expansion gives strong evidence for the need of reinvestigating photon--photon correlations for expanding sources.

Abstract:
Using the complete orthonormal basis sets of nonrelativistic and quasirelativistic orbitals introduced by the author in previous papers for particles with arbitrary spin the new analytical relations for the -component relativistic tensor wave functions and tensor Slater orbitals in coordinate, momentum and four-dimensional spaces are derived, where. The relativistic tensor function sets are expressed through the corresponding nonrelativistic and quasirelativistic orbitals. The analytical formulas for overlap integrals over relativistic tensor Slater orbitals with the same screening constants in coordinate space are also derived.

Abstract:
Given, in an arbitrary spacetime, a 2-dimensional timelike submanifold (worldsheet) and an observer field on this worldsheet, we assign gravitational, centrifugal, Coriolis and Euler forces to every particle worldline in the worldsheet with respect to the observer field. We prove that centrifugal and Coriolis forces vanish, for all particle worldlines with respect to any observer field, if and only if the worldsheet is a photon 2-surface, i.e., generated by two families of lightlike geodesics. We further demonstrate that a photon 2-surface can be characterized in terms of gyroscope transport and we give several mathematical criteria for the existence of photon 2-surfaces. Finally, examples of photon 2-surfaces in conformally flat spacetimes, in Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstroem spacetimes, and in Goedel spacetime are worked out.

Abstract:
We propose a setup that transforms a photon pair in arbitrary rank-four mixed state, which could also be unknown, to a Bell state. The setup involves two linear optical circuits processing the individual photons and a parity gate working with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity. By the photon number resolving detection on one of the output quantum bus or communication beams, the setup will realize a near deterministic transformation to a Bell state for every entangling attempt. With the simple threshold detectors, on the other hand, the system can still reach a considerable success probability of 0.5 per try. The decoherence effect caused by photon absorption losses in the operation is also discussed.

Abstract:
A unified approach to the time analysis of tunnelling of nonrelativistic particles is presented, in which Time is regarded as a quantum-mechanical observable, canonically conjugated to Energy. The validity of the Hartman effect (independence of the Tunnelling Time of the opaque barrier width, with Superluminal group velocities as a consequence) is verified for ALL the known expressions of the mean tunnelling time. Moreover, the analogy between particle and photon tunnelling is suitably exploited. On the basis of such an analogy, an explanation of some recent microwave and optics experimental results on tunnelling times is proposed. Attention is devoted to some aspects of the causality problem for particle and photon tunnelling.

Abstract:
We propose a deterministic remote state preparation scheme for photon polarization qubit states, where entanglement, local operations and classical communication are used. By consuming one maximally entangled state and two classical bits, an arbitrary (either pure or mixed) qubit state can be prepared deterministically at a remote location. We experimentally demonstrate the scheme by remotely preparing 12 pure states and 6 mixed states. The fidelities between the desired and achieved states are all higher than 0.99 and have an average of 0.9947.

Abstract:
The shifted-l expansion technique (SLET) has been developed to get eigenvalues of Schrodinger equation in three (3D) and two dimensions (2D). SLET simply consists of 1/\bar{l} as a perturbation parameter, where \bar{l}=l-\beta, \beta is a suitable shift, l is the angular momentum quantum number for 3D-case, l=|m| for the 2D-case, and m is the magnetic quantum number. Unlike the shifted large-N expansion theory (SLNT), SLET seems to be applicable to a wider number of problems of significant interest in physics.

Abstract:
We develop the theory of an optical quantum memory protocol based on the three pulse photon echo (PE) in an optically dense medium with controlled reversible inhomogeneous broadening (CRIB). The wave-function of the retrieved photon echo field is derived explicitly as a function of an arbitrary input Data light field. The storage and retrieval of time-bin qubit states based on the described quantum memory is discussed, and it is shown that the memory allows to measure the path length difference in an imbalanced interferometer using short light pulses.