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Baryonic systems with charm and bottom in the bound state soliton model  [PDF]
V. B. Kopeliovich
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1134/1.567782
Abstract: The binding energies of baryonic systems (BS) with baryon number $B=2, 3$ and 4 possessing heavy flavor, charm and bottom, are estimated within the rigid oscillator version of the bound state approach to chiral soliton models. Two tendencies are noted: the binding energy increases with increasing mass of the flavor and with increasing $B$. Therefore, the charmed or bottomed baryonic systems have more chances to be bound than strange baryonic systems discussed previously. The flavor symmetry breaking in decay constants $F$ is considered which is especially important for baryonic systems with bottom quantum numbers. Generally, for heavy flavors the scale of the binding energies of BS depends on the scale of flavor symmetry violation in $r_F=F_F/F_\pi$.
Multibaryons with strangeness, charm and bottom  [PDF]
V. B. Kopeliovich,W. J. Zakrzewski
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1007/s100520000516
Abstract: Static properties of multiskyrmions with baryon numbers up to 8 are calculated, including momenta of inertia and sigma-term. The calculations are based on the recently suggested SU(2) rational map ansaetze. Minimization with the help of SU(3) variational minimization program shows that these configurations become local minima in SU(3) configuration space. The B-number dependence of the so called flavour moment of inertia of multiskyrmions playing an important role in the quantization procedure is close to the linear one. The spectra of baryonic systems with strangeness, charm and bottom are considered within a "rigid oscillator" version of the bound state soliton model. The binding energies estimates are made for the states with largest isospin which can appear as negatively charged nuclear fragments, as well as for states with zero isospin - light fragments of "flavoured" nuclear matter. Our results confirm the previously made observation that baryonic systems with charm or bottom quantum numbers have more chance to be stable with respect to strong interactions than strange baryonic systems.
Hyperfine Interactions in the Heavy Fermion CeMIn_5 Systems  [PDF]
N. J. Curro
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/8/9/173
Abstract: The CeMIn_5 heavy fermion compounds have attracted enormous interest since their discovery six years ago. These materials exhibit a rich spectrum of unusual correlated electron behavior, and may be an ideal model for the high temperature superconductors. As many of these systems are either antiferromagnets, or lie close to an antiferromagnetic phase boundary, it is crucial to understand the behavior of the dynamic and static magnetism. Since neutron scattering is difficult in these materials, often the primary source of information about the magnetic fluctuations is Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). Therefore, it is crucial to have a detailed understanding of how the nuclear moments interact with conduction electrons and the local moments present in these systems. Here we present a detailed analysis of the hyperfine coupling based on anisotropic hyperfine coupling tensors between nuclear moments and local moments. Because the couplings are symmetric with respect to bond axes rather than crystal lattice directions, the nuclear sites can experience non-vanishing hyperfine fields even in high symmetry sites.
Spectroscopy and lifetime of bottom and charm hadrons  [PDF]
Fumihiko Ukegawa
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: We review recent experimental results on spectroscopy and lifetime of bottom and charm hadrons.
Phenomenology of Charm and Bottom Production  [PDF]
R. Vogt
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1007/s002880050193
Abstract: We discuss the renormalization and factorization scale dependence of charm and bottom production both at fixed-target energies and at present and future colliders. We investigate whether distributions calculable at leading order can be extrapolated to next-to-leading order by a constant multiplicative factor.
Table of hyperfine anomaly in atomic systems  [PDF]
Jonas R. Persson
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.adt.2012.04.002
Abstract: This table is a compilation of experimental values of magnetic hyperfine anomaly in atomic and ionic systems. The last extensive compilation was published in 1984 by Buttgenbach (Hyperfine Interactions 20, (1984) p 1) and the aim here is to make an up to date compilation. The literature search covers the period to January 2011.
Leptonic and Semileptonic Decays of Charm and Bottom Hadrons  [PDF]
Jeffrey D. Richman,Patricia R. Burchat
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.67.893
Abstract: We review the experimental measurements and theoretical descriptions of leptonic and semileptonic decays of particles containing a single heavy quark, either charm or bottom. Measurements of bottom semileptonic decays are used to determine the magnitudes of two fundamental parameters of the standard model, the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements $V_{cb}$ and $V_{ub}$. These parameters are connected with the physics of quark flavor and mass, and they have important implications for the breakdown of CP symmetry. To extract precise values of $|V_{cb}|$ and $|V_{ub}|$ from measurements, however, requires a good understanding of the decay dynamics. Measurements of both charm and bottom decay distributions provide information on the interactions governing these processes. The underlying weak transition in each case is relatively simple, but the strong interactions that bind the quarks into hadrons introduce complications. We also discuss new theoretical approaches, especially heavy-quark effective theory and lattice QCD, which are providing insights and predictions now being tested by experiment. An international effort at many laboratories will rapidly advance knowledge of this physics during the next decade.
Charm and Bottom Semileptonic Decays  [PDF]
Patrick J. O'Donnell,Gursevil Turan
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.56.295
Abstract: We review the present status of theoretical attempts to calculate the semileptonic charm and bottom decays and then present a calculation of these decays in the light--front frame at the kinematic point $q^2=0$. This allows us to evaluate the form factors at the same value of $q^2$, even though the allowed kinematic ranges for charm and bottom decays are very different. Also, at this kinematic point the decay is given in terms of only one form factor $A_{0}(0)$. For the ratio of the decay rates given by the E653 collaboration we show that the determination of the ratio of the Cabibbo--Kobayashi--Maskawa (CKM) matrix elements is consistent with that obtained from the unitarity constraint. At present, though, the unitarity method still has greater accuracy. Since comparisons of the semileptonic decays into $\rho$ and either electrons or muons will be available soon from the E791 Fermilab experiment, we also look at the massive muon case. We show that for a range of $q^2$ the $SU(3)_F$ symmetry breaking is small even though the contributions of the various helicity amplitudes becomes more complicated. For $B$ decays, the decay $B \rightarrow K^{*} \ell \bar{\ell}$ at $q^2=0$ involves an extra form factor coming from the photon contribution and so is not amenable to the same kind of analysis, leaving only the decay $B \rightarrow K^{*}\nu \bar{\nu}$ as a possibility. As the mass of the decaying particle increases we note that the $SU(3)$ symmetry becomes badly broken at $q^2=0$.
Perturbative QCD Fragmentation Functions as a Phenomenological Model for Charm/Bottom Fragmentation  [PDF]
Kingman Cheung
Physics , 1994,
Abstract: The perturbative QCD fragmentation functions can be applied phenomenologically as a model for charm and bottom quark fragmentation into heavy-light mesons. The predictions by this model on the observables $P_V$ and $\langle z \rangle$ for $D-D^*$ and $B-B^*$ systems are compared with experimental data.
Theoretical Review of M?ssbauer Effect, Hyperfine Interactions Parameters and the Valence Fluctuations in Eu Systems  [PDF]
Mahmoud Abdelrazek Ahmida
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2019.71021
Abstract: In this paper, an overview of the theory of Mössbauer effect is covered, and the main hyperfine interactions parameters which affect the shape of the resultant Mössbauer spectrum are explained and illustrated as well. In principle, Mössbauer effect applies to any and all nuclides, but in practice, certain ideal properties are desirable; that is, the conditions for recoil-free emission and absorption of gamma rays must be optimized. Therefore, briefly discussed in this review, one of the most commonly used for practical and fundamental studies the 151Eu Mössbauer isotope. Also, the intermediate valence phenomena and their theoretical treatments are briefly discussed.
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