Abstract:
Using the hamiltonian formalism, we investigate the smooth bosonization method in which bosonization and fermionization are carried out through a specific gauge-fixing of an enlarged gauge invariant theory. The generator of the local gauge symmetry, which cannot be derived from the lagrangian of the enlarged theory, is obtained by making a canonical transformation. We also show that the massless Thirring model possesses a similar local gauge symmetry for a speific value of the coupling constant.

Abstract:
We show equivalence between the massive Thirring model and the sine-Gordon theory by gauge fixing a wider gauge invariant theory in two different ways. The exact derivation of the equivalence hinges on the existence of an underlying conformal symmetry. Previous derivations were all perturbative in mass (althought to all orders).

Abstract:
Starting from a reformulation of the Thirring model as a gauge theory, we consider the bosonization of the $D$-dimensional multiflavor massive Thirring model $(D \ge 2)$ with four-fermion interaction of the current-current type. Our method leads to a novel interpolating Lagrangian written in terms of two gauge fields. Especially we pay attention to the case of very massive fermion $m \gg 1$ in (2+1) and (1+1) dimensions. Up to the next-to-leading order of $1/m$, we show that the (2+1)-dimensional massive Thirring model is mapped to the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and that the (1+1)-dimensional massive Thirring model is equivalent to the massive free scalar field theory. In the process of the bosonization of the Thirring model, we point out the importance of the gauge-invariant formulation. Finally we discuss a possibility of extending this method to the non-Abelian case.

Abstract:
We propose to use a novel master Lagrangian for performing the bosonization of the $D$-dimensional massive Thirring model in $D=d+1 \ge 2$ dimensions. It is shown that our master Lagrangian is able to relate the previous interpolating Lagrangians each other which have been recently used to show the equivalence of the massive Thirring model in (2+1) dimensions with the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory. Starting from the phase-space path integral representation of the master Lagrangian, we give an alternative proof for this equivalence up to the next-to-leading order in the expansion of the inverse fermion mass. Moreover, in (3+1)-dimensional case, the bosonized theory is shown to be equivalent to the massive antisymmetric tensor gauge theory. As a byproduct, we reproduce the well-known result on bosonization of the (1+1)-dimensional Thirring model following the same strategy. Finally a possibility of extending our strategy to the non-Abelian case is also discussed.

Abstract:
We bosonize the Massive Thirring Model in 3+1D for small coupling constant and arbitrary mass. The bosonized action is explicitly obtained both in terms of a Kalb-Ramond tensor field as well as in terms of a dual vector field. An exact bosonization formula for the current is derived. The small and large mass limits of the bosonized theory are examined in both the direct and dual forms. We finally obtain the exact bosonization of the free fermion with an arbitrary mass.

Abstract:
The technique of extended dualization developed in this paper is used to bosonize quantized fermion systems in arbitrary dimension $D$ in the low energy regime. In its original (minimal) form, dualization is restricted to models wherein it is possible to define a dynamical quantized conserved charge. We generalize the usual dualization prescription to include systems with dynamical non--conserved quantum currents. Bosonization based on this extended dualization requires the introduction of an additional rank $0$ (scalar) field together with the usual antisymmetric tensor field of rank $(D-2)$. Our generalized dualization prescription permits one to clearly distinguish the arbitrariness in the bosonization from the arbitrariness in the quantization of the system. We study the bosonization of four--fermion interactions with large mass in arbitrary dimension. First, we observe that dualization permits one to formally bosonize these models by invoking the bosonization of the free massive Dirac fermion and adding some extra model--dependent bosonic terms. Secondly, we explore the potential of extended dualization by considering the particular case of \underbar{chiral} four--fermion interactions. Here minimal dualization is inadequate for calculating the extra bosonic terms. We demonstrate the utility of extended dualization by successfully completing the bosonization of this chiral model. Finally, we consider two examples in two dimensions which illuminate the utility of using extended dualization by showing how quantization ambiguities in a fermionic theory propagate into the bosonized version. An explicit parametrization of the quantization ambiguities of the chiral current in the Chiral Schwinger model is obtained. Similarly, for the sine--Gordon interaction in the massive Thirring model the quantization

Abstract:
We develop a new approach for bosonization based on the direct comparison of current correlation functions and apply it to the case of the Massive Thirring Model in three dimensions in the weak coupling regime, but with an arbitrary mass. Explicit bosonized forms for the lagrangian and the current are obtained in terms of a vector gauge field. Exact results for the corresponding expressions are also obtained in the case of a free massive fermion. Finally, a comment on the derivation of the current algebra directly from the bosonized expressions is included.

Abstract:
We discuss conformal invariance of the massless Thirring model. We show that conformal symmetry of the massless Thirring model is dynamically broken due to the constant of motion caused by the equations of motion. This confirms the existence of the chirally broken phase in the massless Thirring model (Eur. Phys. J. C20, 723 (2001), which is accompanied by the appearance of massless (pseudo)scalar Goldstone bosons (Eur. Phys. J. C24, 653 (2002), hep-th/0210104 and hep-th/0305174).

Abstract:
Bosonization of the gauged, massive Thirring model in 2+1-dimensions produces a Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge theory, coupled to a dynamical, massive vector field. Exploiting the Master Lagrangian formalism, two dual theories are constructed, one of them being a gauge theory. The full two-point functions of both the interacting fields are computed in the path integral quantization scheme. Furthermore, some new dual models, derived from the original master lagrangian and valid for different regimes of coupling parameters, are constructed and analysed in details.

Abstract:
The method of bosonization is extended to the case when a dissipationless point-like defect is present in space-time. Introducing the chiral components of a massless scalar field, interacting with the defect in two dimensions, we construct the associated vertex operators. The main features of the corresponding vertex algebra are established. As an application of this framework we solve the massless Thirring model with defect. We also construct the vertex representation of the sl(2) Kac-Moody algebra, describing the complex interplay between the left and right sectors due to the interaction with the defect. The Sugawara form of the energy-momentum tensor is also explored.