Abstract:
An irreducible Hamiltonian BRST-anti-BRST treatment of reducible first-class systems based on homological arguments is proposed. The general formalism is exemplified on the Freedman-Townsend model.

Abstract:
An irreducible Hamiltonian BRST quantization method for reducible first-class systems is proposed. The general theory is illustrated on a two-stage reducible model, the link with the standard reducible BRST treatment being also emphasized.

Abstract:
An irreducible Hamiltonian BRST approach to topologically coupled p- and (p+1)-forms is developed. The irreducible setting is enforced by means of constructing an irreducible Hamiltonian first-class model that is equivalent from the BRST point of view to the original redundant theory. The irreducible path integral can be brought to a manifestly Lorentz covariant form.

Abstract:
We reformulate the conditions of Liouville integrability in the language of Gozzi et al.'s quantum BRST anti-BRST description of classical mechanics. The Das-Okubo geometrical Lax equation is particularly suited to this approach. We find that the Lax pair and inverse scattering wavefunction appear naturally in certain sectors of the quantum theory.

Abstract:
The hamiltonian BRST-anti-BRST theory is developed in the general case of arbitrary reducible first class systems. This is done by extending the methods of homological perturbation theory, originally based on the use of a single resolution, to the case of a biresolution. The BRST and the anti-BRST generators are shown to exist. The respective links with the ordinary BRST formulation and with the $ sp(2) $-covariant formalism are also established.

Abstract:
The BRST treatment of triaxial systems rotating at high spins is used to solve perturbatively the $\gamma$-independent Bohr collective hamiltonian.

Abstract:
By using the effective Hamiltonian approach, we present a self-consistent framework for the analysis of geometric phases and dynamically stable decoherence-free subspaces in open systems. Comparisons to the earlier works are made. This effective Hamiltonian approach is then extended to a non-Markovian case with the generalized Lindblad master equation. Based on this extended effective Hamiltonian approach, the non-Markovian master equation describing a dissipative two-level system is solved, an adiabatic evolution is defined and the corresponding adiabatic condition is given.

Abstract:
For a wide class of mechanical systems, invariant under gauge transformations with higher (arbitrary) order time derivatives of gauge parameters, the equivalence of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian BRST formalisms is proved. It is shown that the Ostrogradsky formalism establishes the natural rules to relate the BFV ghost canonical pairs with the ghosts and antighosts introduced by the Lagrangian approach. Explicit relation between corresponding gauge-fixing terms is obtained.

Abstract:
We introduce the notion of finite BRST-antiBRST transformations for constrained dynamical systems in the generalized Hamiltonian formalism, both global and field-dependent, with a doublet $\lambda_{a}$, $a=1,2$, of anticommuting Grassmann parameters and find explicit Jacobians corresponding to these changes of variables in the path integral. It turns out that the finite transformations are quadratic in their parameters. Exactly as in the case of finite field-dependent BRST-antiBRST transformations for the Yang--Mills vacuum functional in the Lagrangian formalism examined in our previous paper [arXiv:1405.0790[hep-th]], special field-dependent BRST-antiBRST transformations with functionally-dependent parameters $\lambda_{a}=\int dt\(s_{a}\Lambda) $, generated by a finite even-valued function $\Lambda(t)$ and by the anticommuting generators $s_{a}$ of BRST-antiBRST transformations, amount to a precise change of the gauge-fixing function for arbitrary constrained dynamical systems. This proves the independence of the vacuum functional under such transformations. We derive a new form of the Ward identities, depending on the parameters $\lambda_{a}$, and study the problem of gauge-dependence. We present the form of transformation parameters which generates a change of the gauge in the Hamiltonian path integral, evaluate it explicitly for connecting two arbitrary $R_{\xi}$-like gauges in the Yang--Mills theory and establish, after integration over momenta, a coincidence with the Lagrangian path integral [arXiv:1405.0790[hep-th]], which justifies the unitarity of the $S$-matrix in the Lagrangian approach.

Abstract:
We develop a partial Hamiltonian framework to obtain reductions and closed-form solutions via first integrals of current value Hamiltonian systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The approach is algorithmic and applies to many state and costate variables of the current value Hamiltonian. However, we apply the method to models with one control, one state and one costate variable to illustrate its effectiveness. The current value Hamiltonian systems arise in economic growth theory and other economic models. We explain our approach with the help of a simple illustrative example and then apply it to two widely used economic growth models: the Ramsey model with a constant relative risk aversion (CRRA) utility function and Cobb Douglas technology and a one-sector AK model of endogenous growth are considered. We show that our newly developed systematic approach can be used to deduce results given in the literature and also to find new solutions.