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Soliton resolution for equivariant wave maps to the sphere  [PDF]
Rapha?l C?te
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We consider finite energy corotationnal wave maps with target manifold $\m S^2$. We prove that for a sequence of times, they decompose as a sum of decoupled harmonic maps in the light cone, and a smooth wave map (in the blow case) or a linear scattering term (in the global case), up to an error which tends to 0 in the energy space.
Equivariant self-similar wave maps from Minkowski spacetime into 3-sphere  [PDF]
Piotr Bizoń
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1007/s002200000291
Abstract: We prove existence of a countable family of spherically symmetric self-similar wave maps from 3+1 Minkowski spacetime into the 3-sphere. These maps can be viewed as excitations of the ground state wave map found previously by Shatah. The first excitation is particularly interesting in the context of the Cauchy problem since it plays the role of a critical solution sitting at the threshold of singularity formation. We analyze the linear stability of our wave maps and show that the number of unstable modes about a given map is equal to its excitation index. Finally, we formulate a condition under which these results can be generalized to higher dimensions.
Dispersion and collapse of wave maps  [PDF]
P. Bizoń,T. Chmaj,Z. Tabor
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1088/0951-7715/13/4/323
Abstract: We study numerically the Cauchy problem for equivariant wave maps from 3+1 Minkowski spacetime into the 3-sphere. On the basis of numerical evidence combined with stability analysis of self-similar solutions we formulate two conjectures. The first conjecture states that singularities which are produced in the evolution of sufficiently large initial data are approached in a universal manner given by the profile of a stable self-similar solution. The second conjecture states that the codimension-one stable manifold of a self-similar solution with exactly one instability determines the threshold of singularity formation for a large class of initial data. Our results can be considered as a toy-model for some aspects of the critical behavior in formation of black holes.
Equivariant wave maps exterior to a ball  [PDF]
Piotr Bizoń,Tadeusz Chmaj,Maciej Maliborski
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0951-7715/25/5/1299
Abstract: We consider the exterior Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for equivariant wave maps from 3+1 dimensional Minkowski spacetime into the three-sphere. Using mixed analytical and numerical methods we show that, for a given topological degree of the map, all solutions starting from smooth finite energy initial data converge to the unique static solution (harmonic map). The asymptotics of this relaxation process is described in detail. We hope that our model will provide an attractive mathematical setting for gaining insight into dissipation-by-dispersion phenomena, in particular the soliton resolution conjecture.
Stability of Stationary Wave Maps from a Curved Background to a Sphere  [PDF]
Sohrab M. Shahshahani
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We study time and space equivariant wave maps from $M\times\RR\rightarrow S^2,$ where $M$ is diffeomorphic to a two dimensional sphere and admits an action of SO(2) by isometries. We assume that metric on $M$ can be written as $dr^2+f^2(r)d\theta^2$ away from the two fixed points of the action, where the curvature is positive, and prove that stationary (time equivariant) rotationally symmetric (of any rotation number) smooth wave maps exist and are stable in the energy topology. The main new ingredient in the construction, compared with the case where $M$ is isometric to the standard sphere (considered by Shatah and Tahvildar-Zadeh \cite{ST1}), is the the use of triangle comparison theorems to obtain pointwise bounds on the fundamental solution on a curved background.
Stability of stationary equivariant wave maps from the hyperbolic plane  [PDF]
Andrew Lawrie,Sung-Jin Oh,Sohrab Shahshahani
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper we initiate the study of equivariant wave maps from 2d hyperbolic space into rotationally symmetric surfaces. This problem exhibits markedly different phenomena than its Euclidean counterpart due to the exponential volume growth of concentric geodesic spheres on the domain. In particular, when the target is the 2-sphere, we find a family of equivariant harmonic maps indexed by a parameter that measures how far the image of each harmonic map wraps around the sphere. These maps have energies taking all values between zero and the energy of the unique co-rotational Euclidean harmonic map, Q, from the Euclidean plane to the 2-sphere, given by stereographic projection. We prove that the harmonic maps are asymptotically stable for values of the parameter smaller than a threshold that is large enough to allow for maps that wrap more than halfway around the sphere. Indeed, we prove Strichartz estimates for the operator obtained by linearizing around such a harmonic map. However, for harmonic maps with energies approaching the Euclidean energy of Q, asymptotic stability via a perturbative argument based on Strichartz estimates is precluded by the existence of gap eigenvalues in the spectrum of the linearized operator. When the target is 2d hyperbolic space, we find a continuous family of asymptotically stable equivariant harmonic maps with arbitrarily small and arbitrarily large energies. This stands in sharp contrast to the corresponding problem on Euclidean space, where all finite energy solutions scatter to zero as time tends to infinity.
On the Formation of Singularities in the Critical O(3) Sigma-Model  [PDF]
Igor Rodnianski,Jacob Sterbenz
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: We study the phenomena of energy concentration for the critical O(3) sigma model, also known as the wave map flow from R^{2+1} Minkowski space into the sphere S^2. We establish rigorously and constructively existence of a set of smooth initial data resulting in a dynamic finite time formation of singularities. The construction and analysis is done in the context of the k-equivariant symmetry reduction, and we restrict to maps with homotopy class k>3. The concentration mechanism we uncover is essentially due to a resonant self-focusing (shrinking) of a corresponding harmonic map. We show that the phenomenon is generic (e.g. in certain Sobolev spaces) and persists under small perturbations of initial data, while the resulting blowup is bounded by a log-modified self-similar asymptotic.
Generic self-similar blowup for equivariant wave maps and Yang-Mills fields in higher dimensions  [PDF]
Pawe? Biernat,Piotr Bizoń
Mathematics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/s00220-015-2404-y
Abstract: We consider equivariant wave maps from the $(d+1)$--dimensional Minkowski spacetime into the $d$-sphere for $d\geq 4$. We find a new explicit stable self-similar solution and give numerical evidence that it plays the role of a universal attractor for generic blowup. An analogous result is obtained for the $SO(d)$ symmetric Yang-Mills field for $d\geq 6$.
Equivariant maps between sphere bundles over tori and KO-degree  [PDF]
M. Furuta,Y. Kametani
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We show a non-existence result for some class of equivariant maps between sphere bundles over tori. The notion of equivariant KO-degree is used in the proof. As an application to Seiberg-Witten theory, for a connected closed oriented spin 4-manifold with indefinite intersection form, we have a new bound of the second Betti number by the signature and a non-negative integer determined by the quadruple cup product on the first cohomology group and some maps in KO-theory induced from the Albanese map.
Singularity Formation in 2+1 Wave Maps  [PDF]
James Isenberg,Steven L. Liebling
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1063/1.1418717
Abstract: We present numerical evidence that singularities form in finite time during the evolution of 2+1 wave maps from spherically equivariant initial data of sufficient energy.
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