Abstract:
Recent investigations in nonlinear sciences show that not only hyperbolic but also mixed dynamical systems may exhibit exponential relaxation in the chaotic regime. The relaxation rates, which lead the decay of probability distributions and correlation functions, are related to the classical evolution resolvent (Perron-Frobenius operator) pole logarithm, the so called Pollicott-Ruelle resonances. In this Brief Report, the leading Pollicott-Ruelle resonances are calculated analytically for a general class of area-preserving maps. Besides the leading resonances related to the diffusive modes of momentum dynamics (slow rate), we also calculate the leading faster rate, related to the angular correlations. The analytical results are compared to the existing results in the literature.

Abstract:
The leading Pollicott-Ruelle resonance is calculated analytically for a general class of two-dimensional area-preserving maps. Its wave number dependence determines the normal transport coefficients. In particular, a general exact formula for the diffusion coefficient D is derived without any high stochasticity approximation and a new effect emerges: The angular evolution can induce fast or slow modes of diffusion even in the high stochasticity regime. The behavior of D is examined for three particular cases: (i) the standard map, (ii) a sawtooth map, and (iii) a Harper map as an example of a map with nonlinear rotation number. Numerical simulations support this formula.

Abstract:
I show that the dynamical determinant, associated to an Anosov diffeomorphism, is the Fredholm determinant of the corresponding Ruelle-Perron-Frobenius transfer operator acting on appropriate Banach spaces. As a consequence it follows, for example, that the zeroes of the dynamical determinant describe the eigenvalues of the transfer operator and the Ruelle resonances and that, for $\Co^\infty$ Anosov diffeomorphisms, the dynamical determinant is an entire function.

Abstract:
We study two simple real analytic uniformly hyperbolic dynamical systems: expanding maps on the circle S1 and hyperbolic maps on the torus T2. We show that the Ruelle-Pollicott resonances which describe time correlation functions of the chaotic dynamics can be obtained as the eigenvalues of a trace class operator in Hilbert space L2(S1) or L2(T2) respectively. The trace class operator is obtained by conjugation of the Ruelle transfer operator in a similar way quantum resonances are obtained in open quantum systems. We comment this analogy.

Abstract:
We investigate the correspondence between the decay of correlation in classical system, governed by Ruelle--Pollicott resonances, and the properties of the corresponding quantum system. For this purpose we construct classical systems with controllable resonances together with their quantum counterpart. As an application of such tailormade resonances we reveal the role of Ruelle--Pollicott resonances for the localization properties of quantum energy eigenstates.

Abstract:
A class of numerical methods to determine Pollicott-Ruelle resonances in chaotic dynamical systems is proposed. This is achieved by relating some existing procedures which make use of Pade approximants and interpolating exponentials to both the memory function techniques used in the theory of relaxation and the filter diagonalization method used in the harmonic inversion of time correlation functions. This relationship leads to a theoretical framework in which all these methods become equivalent and which allows for new and improved numerical schemes.

Abstract:
We study the asymptotic long-time behavior of open quantum maps and relate the decays to the eigenvalues of a coarse-grained superoperator. In specific ranges of coarse graining, and for chaotic maps, these decay rates are given by the Ruelle-Pollicott resonances of the classical map.

Abstract:
Fully chaotic Hamiltonian systems possess an infinite number of classical solutions which are periodic, e.g. a trajectory ``p'' returns to its initial conditions after some fixed time tau_p. Our aim is to investigate the spectrum tau_1, tau_2, ... of periods of the periodic orbits. An explicit formula for the density rho(tau) = sum_p delta (tau - tau_p) is derived in terms of the eigenvalues of the classical evolution operator. The density is naturally decomposed into a smooth part plus an interferent sum over oscillatory terms. The frequencies of the oscillatory terms are given by the imaginary part of the complex eigenvalues (Ruelle--Pollicott resonances). For large periods, corrections to the well--known exponential growth of the smooth part of the density are obtained. An alternative formula for rho(tau) in terms of the zeros and poles of the Ruelle zeta function is also discussed. The results are illustrated with the geodesic motion in billiards of constant negative curvature. Connections with the statistical properties of the corresponding quantum eigenvalues, random matrix theory and discrete maps are also considered. In particular, a random matrix conjecture is proposed for the eigenvalues of the classical evolution operator of chaotic billiards.

Abstract:
We consider a simple model of an open partially expanding map. Its trapped set K in phase space is a fractal set. We first show that there is a well defined discrete spectrum of Ruelle resonances which describes the asymptotics of correlation functions for large time and which is parametrized by the Fourier component \nu on the neutral direction of the dynamics. We introduce a specific hypothesis on the dynamics that we call "minimal captivity". This hypothesis is stable under perturbations and means that the dynamics is univalued on a neighborhood of K. Under this hypothesis we show the existence of an asymptotic spectral gap and a Fractal Weyl law for the upper bound of density of Ruelle resonances in the semiclassical limit \nu -> infinity. Some numerical computations with the truncated Gauss map illustrate these results.

Abstract:
Pollicott-Ruelle resonances for chaotic flows are the characteristic frequencies of correlations. They are typically defined as eigenvalues of the generator of the flow acting on specially designed functional spaces. We show that these resonances can be computed as viscosity limits of eigenvalues of second order elliptic operators. These eigenvalues are the characteristic frequencies of correlations for a stochastically perturbed flow.