Abstract:
We investigate the correspondence between the decay of correlation in classical system, governed by Ruelle--Pollicott resonances, and the properties of the corresponding quantum system. For this purpose we construct classical systems with controllable resonances together with their quantum counterpart. As an application of such tailormade resonances we reveal the role of Ruelle--Pollicott resonances for the localization properties of quantum energy eigenstates.

Abstract:
In this paper, we show that some spectral properties of Anosov diffeomorphisms can be obtained by semi-classical analysis. In particular the Ruelle resonances which are eigenvalues of the Ruelle transfer operator acting in suitable anisotropic Sobolev spaces and which govern the decay of dynamical correlations, can be treated as the quantum resonances of open quantum systems in the Aguilar-Baslev-Combes theory or the more recent Helffer-Sjostrand phase-space theory.

Abstract:
We discuss the impact of recent developments in the theory of chaotic dynamical systems, particularly the results of Sinai and Ruelle, on microwave experiments designed to study quantum chaos. The properties of closed Sinai billiard microwave cavities are discussed in terms of universal predictions from random matrix theory, as well as periodic orbit contributions which manifest as `scars' in eigenfunctions. The semiclassical and classical Ruelle zeta-functions lead to quantum and classical resonances, both of which are observed in microwave experiments on n-disk hyperbolic billiards.

Abstract:
We define Pollicott-Ruelle resonances for geodesic flows on noncompact asymptotically hyperbolic negatively curved manifolds, as well as for more general open hyperbolic systems related to Axiom A flows. These resonances are the poles of the meromorphic continuation of the resolvent of the generator of the flow and they describe decay of classical correlations. As an application, we show that the Ruelle zeta function extends meromorphically to the entire complex plane.

Abstract:
Recent investigations in nonlinear sciences show that not only hyperbolic but also mixed dynamical systems may exhibit exponential relaxation in the chaotic regime. The relaxation rates, which lead the decay of probability distributions and correlation functions, are related to the classical evolution resolvent (Perron-Frobenius operator) pole logarithm, the so called Pollicott-Ruelle resonances. In this Brief Report, the leading Pollicott-Ruelle resonances are calculated analytically for a general class of area-preserving maps. Besides the leading resonances related to the diffusive modes of momentum dynamics (slow rate), we also calculate the leading faster rate, related to the angular correlations. The analytical results are compared to the existing results in the literature.

Abstract:
The leading Ruelle resonances of typical chaotic maps, the perturbed cat map and the standard map, are calculated by variation. It is found that, excluding the resonance associated with the invariant density, the next subleading resonances are, approximately, the roots of the equation $z^4=\gamma$, where $\gamma$ is a positive number which characterizes the amount of stochasticity of the map. The results are verified by numerical computations, and the implications to the form factor of the corresponding quantum maps are discussed.

Abstract:
We study the correspondence between phase-space localization of quantum (quasi-)energy eigenstates and classical correlation decay, given by Ruelle-Pollicott resonances of the Frobenius-Perron operator. It will be shown that scarred (quasi-)energy eigenstates are correlated: Pairs of eigenstates strongly overlap in phase space (scar in same phase-space regions) if the difference of their eigenenergies is close to the phase of a leading classical resonance. Phase-space localization of quantum states will be measured by $L^2$ norms of their Husimi functions.

Abstract:
Pollicott-Ruelle resonances for chaotic flows are the characteristic frequencies of correlations. They are typically defined as eigenvalues of the generator of the flow acting on specially designed functional spaces. We show that these resonances can be computed as viscosity limits of eigenvalues of second order elliptic operators. These eigenvalues are the characteristic frequencies of correlations for a stochastically perturbed flow.

Abstract:
Fully chaotic Hamiltonian systems possess an infinite number of classical solutions which are periodic, e.g. a trajectory ``p'' returns to its initial conditions after some fixed time tau_p. Our aim is to investigate the spectrum tau_1, tau_2, ... of periods of the periodic orbits. An explicit formula for the density rho(tau) = sum_p delta (tau - tau_p) is derived in terms of the eigenvalues of the classical evolution operator. The density is naturally decomposed into a smooth part plus an interferent sum over oscillatory terms. The frequencies of the oscillatory terms are given by the imaginary part of the complex eigenvalues (Ruelle--Pollicott resonances). For large periods, corrections to the well--known exponential growth of the smooth part of the density are obtained. An alternative formula for rho(tau) in terms of the zeros and poles of the Ruelle zeta function is also discussed. The results are illustrated with the geodesic motion in billiards of constant negative curvature. Connections with the statistical properties of the corresponding quantum eigenvalues, random matrix theory and discrete maps are also considered. In particular, a random matrix conjecture is proposed for the eigenvalues of the classical evolution operator of chaotic billiards.

Abstract:
I show that the dynamical determinant, associated to an Anosov diffeomorphism, is the Fredholm determinant of the corresponding Ruelle-Perron-Frobenius transfer operator acting on appropriate Banach spaces. As a consequence it follows, for example, that the zeroes of the dynamical determinant describe the eigenvalues of the transfer operator and the Ruelle resonances and that, for $\Co^\infty$ Anosov diffeomorphisms, the dynamical determinant is an entire function.